Italy Unit 1

Main

Andrea Costa founded Revolutionary Socalist Party of Romanga

1881

Fillippo Turati- Found PSI

1892

Bank Of Italy Founded By Giovanni Giolitti

1893

acted as lender of lease resort to support other banks.

Sidney Sonnio - Minister of Finance

1894 - 1896

Goverment called Prefects to curb the infulence of the Opera di Congressi

1897

Opera di congressi

1897

Controlled many local govs in the North;
3892 Parish committees
588 rural co-op banks
ran 24 daily newspapers
155 journals

Persuctuion dropped on Opera di Congessi

1898

50,000 Killowats of Hydroelectric power produced

1898

Catholics allowed to vote where Socalists might win

1904

Nationalist movement

1908

Syndaclist party formed

1908

Expelled from PSI
Extreme left- revolutionaries

Catholics openly stood for elections

1909

Insurance fund for all female workers

1910

40 lire provided to each birth (jointly provided by state, employer &employee contributions)

Giolitti delcared war on Turkey & Invaded Libya

1911

WW1

1914

Signed treaty of London & Entered the war

04/26/1915

Enter war on Ententee side

Antonio Slandra resigns as PM

05/13/1915

Kings makes Salandra Pm again

5/16/1915

Italy decalres war on Austria-Hungary

5/24/1915

Paolo Boselli's Gov replaces Slandra's administration

1916

Capture of Gorzia

8/1916

Declared war on Germany

8/24/1916

Disaster at Caporetto

1917

Vittorio Orlando becomes new PM

10/1917

Pope Benedict XV allowed Catholics to participate in National elections

1918

WW1 ends

11/1918

Italy is on the winning side

Universal Male sufferage

12/1918

for all Italians who served at the front and men over 21

PPI founded

1919

Catholic Popular Party

Peasent Occuaption of Uncultivated Land and Endorsed Union Labour Exchanges

1919

Official decree recognizing

Treaty of St Germain

1919

Italy get: South Tryol, Terentino, Istria

Don't get: Fiume, Dalmatia, German colonies

Fasci di Combattimento founded

3/1919

Attack on avanti

4/1919

Propotinal representation introduced

8/1919

Occupation of Fiume

9/1919

2000 soldiers led by Gabriele D'annunzio

1st elections held with new rules

11/1919

Fascists moved to the right

1920

Nearly 2mill strikes

1920

Giovanni Giolitti becomes Pm

6/1920

Nitti resignes as PM

9/1920

Giolitti resigned

1921

resigned when PPI refused to support gov

Italian Communist Party founded (PCI)

1/1921

Pact of pacification signed

August 1921

Under new PM Ivanone Benoni.
Mussolini, PSI, socialists trade union and general confederation of Labour signed

Left the pact of pacification

November 1921

National Fascist Party Founded (PNF)

november 1921

March on Rome

October 1922

Mussolini becomes PM

10/30/1922

Mussolini becomes interior & foreign minister

November 1922

Mussolini obtained emergency decree power

November 1922

for 12 months

Established Fascist Grand Council

December 1922

PNF merger with Nationalists

1923

Corfu

1923

Squads legalised (MVSN)

1923

became voluntary fascist militia for national security

Acerbo law passed

July 1923

bill introduced to permit the part with the most votes to take 2/3 of the seats in the chamber

Italy gained Fiume

1924

Matteotti crisis

1924

Opera Nazionalle Dopolavro

1925

fascist leisure clubs

Locarno treaty

1925

ended Ruhr crisis

Mussolini became head of Goverment and Duce

December 1925

Declaed protectorate over Albania

1926

Secret police force OVRA established

1926

under Arturo Bocchini

Opera Nazionale Balilla (ONB) Fascist youth movement

1926

established by ministry of education

Ministry of Corporations set up

1926

Quota 90

1926

Latern pact

1926

between pope and state

Banned 1/3 of History books

1926

Battle of Births

1927

Hungary become allies with Italy

1927

Gov introduced a single Primary textbook

1928

covering all subjects to encourage conformity

Primary & Secondary teachers take an oath of loalty to the regime

1929

University Professors took oath of loyalty

1931

IMI founded

1931

State funded to take over banks role of granting long-term industrial loans

PNF membership a condition for empolyment

1933

IRI set up

1933

set up to help struggling business

Four power pact

1933

Britain, France, Italy & Germany

Primary school staff ordered to wear black shirt uniforms in class

1934

Stressa confrence

April 1935

stood against any future violation of treaty of V

War against Abyssinia

10/02/1935

Bank of Italy nationalised

1936

Axis agreement between Rome & Berlin

1/11/1936

Spanish civil war

7/1936

Ministry of Popular Culture took control of media outlets

1937

drive to convert the masses to fascism

ONB under party control

1937

ONB membership became compulsury

1939

OUTBREAK OF WWII

9/1939

Italy remains neutral

Italy declares war on Britain & France

6/10/1940

Italy conqured British Somaliland

August 1940

Italy invaded Egypt

September 1940

Italy invaded Greece

October 1940

Mussolini disposed by Fascist Grand Council

July 1943

imprisoned by royal command

Anglo-American invasion of siciliy

July 1943

Rome captured by Germany

1944