On September 22, 1862, Lincoln had issued a preliminary proclamation that he would order the emancipation of all slaves in any state (or part of a state) that did not end their rebellion against the Union
January 31, 1865
the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States and provides that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States
July 9, 1868
granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed.
February 3, 1870
granted African American men the right to vote.
Jim Crow Laws
The Mississippi legislature reverses a statute passed during Radical Reconstruction that barred school segregation
June 4, 1919
granted women the right to vote
January 23, 1964
prohibiting any poll tax in elections for federal officials.