History Timeline 2

Main

Vote of no confidence in Papen’s government (512 votes to 42)

September 1932

Papen dismissed as chancellor and replaced by Schleicher

December 1932

Schleicher dismissed and Hitler appointed as chancellor

January 1933

Transportation of Jews from German-occupied Europe to death camps

1933 - 1934

Reichstag Fire: communists blamed

February 1933

The ‘day of Potsdam’

March 1933

Enabling law passed

March 1933

Final Reichstag elections according to Weimar constitution

March 1933

Creation of the Ministry of popular Enlightenment and Propaganda

March 1933

First official boycott of Jewish shops and professions

April 1933

Creation of the German Labour Front (DAF)

May 1933

All political opposition to NSDAP declared illegal

14 July 1933

Night of the Long Knives

June 1934

Appointment of Schacht as Minister of Economics

July 1934

Hitler merged posts of Chancellor and President to become Führer

August 1934

New Plan introduced

September 1934

Nuremberg Race Laws introduced

September 1935

Appointment of Heinrich Himmler as Chief of the German Police

June 1936

Four Year Plan established under Göring

October 1936

Kristallnacht

November 1938

German invasion of Poland

September 1939

Britain and France declared war on Germany

September 1939

‘Operation Barbarossa’ – German invasion of the USSR

June 1941

Wannsee Conference ‘final solution’ to exterminate the Jewish people

January 1942

White Rose student group; distribution of anti-Nazi leaflets

1942 - 1943

German surrender at Stalingrad

January 1943

Stauffenberg Bomb Plot failed to overthrow the regime

July 1944

Execution of 12 Edelweiss Pirates in Cologne

November 1944

German Surrender: Occupation and division of Germany

May 1945