WHAP Timeline

Timeline

Paleolithic Era

40000 bc - 12000 bc

Neolithic Revolution

10000 bc

Copper Age

5000 B.C. - 3000 B.C.

Bronze Age Begins in Middle East

3200 B.C.

Egypt: Old Kingdom

2686 bc - 2181 bc

Yao Dynasty in China

2500 bc - 2300 bc

Egypt: Middle Kingdom

2440 bc - 1786 bc

Indus Valley Civilization in India

2000 bc

Xia Dynasty in China

1994 bc - 1600 bc

Shang Dynasty in China

1600 bc - 1050 bc

Fall of Indus Civilization

1500 bc

Beginning of Olmec Civilization on Mexican Gulf Coast

1500 bc

Iron Age in Europe

1200 B.C.

Zhou Dynasty in China

1050 bc - 480 bc

Traditional date of the founding of Rome

753 bc

Rise of Greek-City states

750 bc

Mayan Civilization in Mexico

600 bc

Rise of Persian Empire under Cyprus II (The Great)

540 bc

538 bc conquers Babylonia.

Athens and Sparta at War

461 bc - 451 bc

Hellenistic Period Begins

330 bc

Persian Empire ends

330 bc

Qin Dynasty begins after conquest and unification of China

221 bc

Fall of Mauryan Empire

187 B.C.

In India.

Peak of Roman Empire

113 ce - 117 ce

Chandragupta, first Gupta emperor in India

320

Height of Gupta Empire

395

Teotihuacan Empire

400 - 650

End of Western Roman Empire Start Of Byzantine Empire

476

Odoacer overthrows Romulus Agustulus.

Ghana Empire founded in West Africa

550

Tang Dynasty founded

618

Decline of Mayan and Huarl Civilizations

812

Inca Empire founded at Cuzco, Peru

1200

Founding of the Ottoman Empire under Osoman

1300

Height of the Mali Empire

1315

Rise of Aztecs and Incas

1400

Japan: Edo Period Begins

1600

Japan closes itself to foreigners

1638

End of Ming, Beginning of Qing Dynasty

1644

In China

Beginning of the Industrial Revolution

1750

WWI

1914 - 1919

Ended at the Treaty of Versailles

World War II

1939 - 1945

Axis vs. Allies as the Axis battled for World Domination

Cold War

1947 - 1991

Berlin Wall

1961 - 1989

AP Test!

May 15 2014

Social

State of China adopts Confucian Theology

136 bc

Could also be political, yet Neo-Confucianism was more political.

Persecution of Christians in Roman Empire

250

First gunpowder used in China

850

Gunpowder introduced to Europe

1250

First firearms used in China

1270

First European use of cannons

1320

First African Slaves in West Indies

1501

Mary Wollstonecraft's "Vindication of the Rights of Women"

1792

Britain Edward Jenner begins vaccinations for smallpox

1798

Napoleonic Legal Code

1804

French Abolished Slavery

1815 CE

U.S. Samuel Colt invents the revolver

1834

U.S. Ralph Waldo Emerson leads Transcendentalist movement

1836

Britain Wheatstone and Cooke invent electric telegraph

1837

First transatlantic telegraph cable

1858

US: Expanding West and the Removal of the Native Americans

1860 - 1900

Fun Fact: The Removal of the Native Americans is one of the longest genocides ever

U.S. R. J. Gatling creates machine gun

1862

France Louis Pasteur invents Pasteurization

1864

presents theory of germs

U.S. Alexander Graham Bell invents telephone

1876

U.S. Wright brothers fly first airplane at Kitty Hawk

1903

U.S. Henry Ford begins production of Model T

1908

develops assembly line production

Titanic sinks off Newfoundland

1912

Panama Canal opens

1914

Empire State Building

1931

*COLOR CHANGE REQUIRED

US Civil rights movement begins

1955

World Wide Web created

1989

Political

Height of Sumerian civilization

3500 bc

King Menes unifies and rules Upper and Lower Egypt

3100 bc

Hammurabi's Legal Code

1780 B.C.

Trojan War; Also the Fall of Troy... Stupid Helen

1225 bc

Kingdom of Israel established by Jews in Palestine

1200 bc

Fall of Hittite Empire to Assyrians

1200 bc

Kush (Nubian) dynasty conquers Egypt

750 bc

Assyrians destroy Babylon, Memphis, and Thebes

675 bc

Peloponnesian War

431 bc - 404 bc

Period of Warring States in China

403 bc

Crossbow in China

400 B.C.

Alexander the Great invades Persian Empire

334 bc - 331 bc

Takes Egypt, founded Alexandria, and conquers Mesopotamia.

Alexander dies; empire divided

323 bc

Chandragupta founds Mauryan Empire in India

321 bc

First Punic War

264 bc - 241 bc

Romans defeat Carthage in North Africa. Takes Sicily.,

Second Punic War

218 bc - 202 bc

Hannibal crosses Alps to defeat Romans.

Third Punic Wars

147 B.C. - 146 B.C.

Romans take Carthage.

Civil war in Rome

49 B.C. - 47 B.C.

Julius Ceasar is assassinated

44 B.C.

Octavian defeats Anthony and Cleopatra at Actium

31 B.C.

Octavian becomes Augustus, Roman Emperor

27 B.C.

City of Teotihuacan rules Valley of Mexico

50 ce

Height of Kushan Empire in Indian Sub-Continent

78 ce

Huns Control over Central Asia

150 ce

Roman Citizenship extended to all freeborn subjects

212

Han Dynasty ends in Civil War

220

China divided into "three kingdoms".

Fall of Kushan Empire in India

240

Constantine becomes Roman Emperor

312

Converts to Christianity.

Roman Empire adopts Christianity as state religion

330

Can also be strongly used as a cultural thing.

Constantine moves capital of empire to Constantinople (Byzantium)

330

Roman Empire divided into East and West

364

Constantinople and West (Rome)

Justinian Becomes Emperor

527

Constantinople: Justinian becomes emperor

527

Byzantine empire begins and Roman Empire ends.

Justinian Legal Code (Codex Justinianus)

530

Byzantines capture North Africa from Vandals

533

Gupta Empire falls to Hepthalites

535

Sui Dynasty reunified China

581 - 589

Development of public Bureaucracy in China

618

Taka reforms in Japan

645

Rise of feudal nobility.

Abbasids take power in Islamic Middle East

750

Made Baghdad capital

Byzantines recognize Charlemagne as emperor

812

Venice becomes independent.

Toltecs rule central Mexico

850

Civil war ends Tang dynasty in China

907

Fall of Abbasid Baghdad

945

Song dynasty begins; Reunification of China

960

King Otto I crowned Holy Roman Emperor

962

Seljuk Turks take Baghdad and solidify conquest of Persia

1055

Conflict in Holy Roman Empire between Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Henry IV

1075

Seljuk Turks conquer Syria and Palestine

1075

First Crusade

1096 - 1097

French and Normans take Constantinople and Palestine, defeat Turks and Muslims.

Crusaders take Jerusalem

1099

Song Dynasty loses control of Northern China

1127

Second Crusade

1147 - 1149

Fall of Toltecs at Chichen Itza; Second Mayan Period begins at Mayapan

1187

Third Crusade unable to regain Jerusalem

1189 - 1191

Fourth Crusade takes Constantinople

1204

Establishes Latin Empire in East

Rise of Mongol Empire under Temjin( aka Gengis Khan 1162-1227)

1206 - 1258

Conquered Middle East, Northern India, and most of China.

Magna Carta establishes principles of due process of Law

1215

Sixth Crusade recaptures Jerusalem

1228 - 1229

Southern Song Dynasty falls to Mongols; Yuan Dynasty Begins

1279

Delhi Sultanate expels Mongols

1306

Mongols expand through india

Start of Hundred Years' War

1337

Ming Dynasty expels Mongols; Reunite China

1368

French victory at Castillon ends Hundred Years' War

1453

Ottoman conquest of Constantinople (now Istanbul) ends Byzantine Empire

1453

Rise of Songhay Empire (Africa)

1465

Ivan the Great conquers Novgorod

1478

Height of Aztec power under Montezuma II

1502 - 1520

India: Portuguese colony at Gao

1510

Ottoman Turks invade Persia

1514

Cortez begins conquest of Aztecs

1518

Ottoman Turks under Suleiman the Magnificent invade Europe, takes Belgrade

1521

Babur raids Delhi Sultanate begins Mughol empire's expansion in Northern India

1526

Pizarro begins conquest of Incas

1531

Ivan IV ("The Terrible") becomes Tsar

1547

Rise of Mughols under Akbar I

1561 - 1592

Portuguese, French, and Dutch establish African colonies

1600

English and Dutch from East India Company vs. Portugal for Colonial holdings

1600 - 1603

English form Colony at Jamestown, Virginia

1607

France: Henry IV assassinated, Louis XIII made king

1610

Poles expelled from Russia; Romenov dynasty begins

1613

Mayflower Compact

1620

In Massachusetts

First modern army

1621

Under Gustavus II in Sweden

France enters Thirty Years' War

1635

France with Sweden against Spain

Thirty Years, War ends

1648

With Treaty of Westphalia

English Monarchy reestablished

1660

By Charles II

Peter the Great becomes the sole ruler of Russia

1689

Toleration Act in England

1689

English Bill of Rights

1689

Height of the Mughol Empire

1690

In India

War of Spnish Succession Begins

1701

England and Scotland unite as Great Britain

1707

Fall of the Mughol Empire

1707

After the death of Aurangzeb; India is divided

Louis the XV becomes King of France

1715

Russians win Great Northern War

1721

Under Peter the Great

British and French fight King George's War

1744 - 1778

British conquest of Southern India

1750

Led by Robert CLive

Seven Years' War: Austria vs. Prussia

1756 - 1763

Called the French and Indian War in America

Treaty of Paris

1763

British Gain French and Spanish territory in America

Russo-Turkish War

1768

Australia claimed for Britain

1770

By James Cook

Boston Tea Party and the Comittees of Correspondence

1773

Leads to the American Revolution

American Revolution Begins

1775 - 1781

Battles of Lexington and Concord; "the shot heard around the world"

U.S. Declaration of Independence

1776

Washington crosses the Delaware in this year also

U.S. Articles of Confederation

1777

British surrender at Yorktown; End of American Revolution

1781

India Act solidifies British rule

1784

U.S. Constitution

1787

French Revolution Begins

1789

Estates General meets; storming of Bastille

U.S. Bill of Rights

1791

Austria and Prussia Invade France

1792

Reign of Terror

1793 - 1794

Louis XVI killed

Jia Qing Emperor of China

1796

repression of White Lotus Society

French Battle under Napoleon

1796 - 1798

Take Italy

Rise of Sikhs in Northern India

1799 - 1839

Under Ranjit Singh

Alexander I Tsar of Russia

1801

Haiti gains independence

1804

After Haitian Revolution

Napoleon crowned Emperor

1804

Napoleon dissolves Holy Roman Empire

1806

Napoleon's Russian Invasion

1812 CE

Failure in a winter retreat

France Joins the Holy Alliance

1818

Simon Bolivar Liberates Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador

1819

Greek War of Independence Against Turks

1821 - 1829

Mexico, Peru, and Central American States Gain Independence

1821

US Monroe Doctrine

1823

British Expanded Colonial Control in SE Asia

1825 CE

Nicholas I Becomes Tsar After Failed Decembrist Coup

1825

England: Reform Act Extends Vote

1832

Mexicans and Texans Battle at the Alamo

1836

Upper and Lower Canada United

1840

End of the Opium War

1842

Treaty of Nanking; Brits gain Hong Kong

Revolutions in Europe

1848

France, Germany, Austria, and Italy

US Wins War Against Mexico

1848

Takes California, and All Land Above the Rio Grande; Treaty Guadalupe and Hidalago.

Liberal Revolution in Spain

1854

Crimean War

1854 - 1856

It's so topical...

India: Rebellion Shut Down

1857

They were placed under the crown rule.

Mexico: Benito Juarez Reformist President

1858

French and British Win 2nd Opium War

1860

In China

Expansion of Russian Control in Asia

1860 - 1890

*This could also beef Social

French Austrian War

1860

France Controlled Vietnam

1860

US Civil War

1861 - 1865

Southern States seceded to become Confederates vs. the Northern "Union"; Lee surrendered @ Appomattox ending the War, slavery abolished

Austro Prussian War

1866

Meiji Restoration

1867

Caused by the the registration of the last Shogun

Spanish Revolution

1868

Against Queen Isabella II

Franco-Prussian War

1870 - 1871

Paris Commune defeated; Third republic began

British Fight Zulu War

1877

Porfirio Diaz Gains Power After Mexican Coup

1877

Otto Von Bismarck negotiates the German- Austrian alliance

1879

Britain, France, and Belgium fight over the African Territories

1880 - 1910

Triple Alliance against France

1882

Berlin Conference partitions colonial Africa

1884

Indian National Congress formed

1885

Brazil Rev. frees slaves and creates republic

1888 - 1889

US defeats Spain in Cuba and Puerto Rico

1898

Boxer Rebellion

1900

In China

Panama secedes from Colombia

1903

US gains the land for the Panama Canal

Russo-Japanese War starts in Manchuria

1904

Russian Revolution begins against Tsar

1905

Failed

First Russian Dima

1906

Short-lived after it was found that it contradicted the Tsar Nicholas II's ideas

Mexican Revolution deposed Porfirio Diaz

1911

Fall of the Qing Emperor

1912

Also called Manchu.

US invades Mexico

1914 - 1916

Germany uses poison gas in warfare

1915

World War I begins

1917

Frank Ferdinand assassinated; Austria battles Serbia. Brit. France and Russia battle Germany.

US enters WWI

1917

Germany uses submarine warfare

1917

Mexican Revolution ends with new constitution

1917

Russian Civil War

1918 - 1920

Armistice ends war on the western front

1918

Woodrow Wilson proposes the 14 points

1918

Treaty of Versailles ends World War I

1919

Paris:League of Nations formed

1920

US didn't join b/c the senate never passed it

US women gain right to vote

1920

Benito Mussolini gains power in Italy

1922

Stalin rises to power in USSR

1924

Japan: Emperor Hirohito takes power

1926

Franklin Roosevelt launches "New Deal"

1933

Hitler gains power in Germany

1933

Started the Third Reich

Mao Zedong leds the Red Army on the Long March

1934

Spanish Civil War

1936 - 1940

Japanese invade China

1937

Background of The Samurai's Garden for those who care

Germany takes Austria

1938

Also: Munich pact creates appeasement policy

WWII begins with the invasion of Poland

1939

Japanese bombs Pearl Harbor; US enters WWII

1941

Already involved though because they brought supplies to the Allies

Germany invades Russia and begins the "final" extermination of the Jews

1941

Allies Defeat Italy

1943

Allies invade Normandy

1944

D-Day

France promises African colonies post-war independence

1944

Germany surrenders: Postdam confrence

1945

United Nations founded in San Francisco

1945

US drops bomb on Hiroshima an Nagasaki

1945

Japan surrenders ending WWII

Cold War begins between US and USSR

1947

US: Marshall Plan for European economic recovery

1947

Communist control of Eastern Europe

1947

North Atlantic Trade Organization (NATO) formed

1949

Maoist revolution establishes People's Republic of China

1949

India gains independence

1950

A division forms Pakistan

Korean War

1950 - 1953

US explodes the first hydrogen bomb

1952

Stalin Dies, Khrushchev takes power

1953

USSR explodes hydrogen bomb

1953

African Colonies gain independence

1954 - 1960

Nigeria, Sudan, Morocco, Ghana, Congo, and French Africa

Warsaw Pact Signed

1955

Movement of Non-Aligned countries (NAM)

1955

Soviet Cosmonaut orbits the Earth

1957

US nuclear power submarine

1958

US: NASA formed

1958

Cuban Revolution

1959

Nasser nationalizes the Sues Canal; Israel invades

1959

Berlin Wall Constructed

1961

First Satellite launched

1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

American Astronauts walk on the moon

1969

US Supporting the "Dirty Wars" in South America

1970 - 1980

East and West Pakistan combine to form Bangledesh

1971

Vietnam War spreads to Laos and Cambodia

1971

Northern Ireland: "Bloody Sunday"

1972

Israel repels Arab invasion

1973

US withdraws from the Vietnamese War

1973

Chile Augusto Pinochet becomes dictator of US supported coup

1973

North Vietnamese occupy Saigon

1975

@ end of the Vietnam War

Khmer Rouge takes power in Cambodia

1975

Iraq: Ayatollah Khomeini takes power

1979 - 1980

US hostage crisis at the same time

USSR invades Afghanistan

1979

Iran-Iraq War

1980 - 1989

US supports right-wing contras in Central America

1980 - 1989

Gorbachev takes power in USSR

1985

Begins reforming

Destruction of the Berlin Wall

1989

Shows less power in Soviet; Beginning of the end for USSR

End of the Apartheid in South Africa

1990

Mandela comes to power

USSR dismantled

1991

Persian Gulf War

1991

Civil War in Rwanda

1996

British return Hong Kong to China

1997

International Space Station founded

1997

Cloning begins in Britain

1997

Leads to world controversy

Mexico: End of PRI single party rule

2000

US: Terrorists destroy Word Trade Center

2001

Interaction

Migrations across Bering Strait

15000 bc - 10000 bc

Present day Russia to Alaska.

King Hammurabi extends Kingdom of Babylonia

1792 bc - 1750 bc

Mauryan Empire expands through subcontinent

321 bc - 280 bc

Great Wall of China

215 bc

India uses Monsoon wind in Shipping

100

Earliest compass in China

271

Smallpox epidemic in Mediterranean Europe

541

Marco Polo begins journey to China

1271

The travels of Marco Polo

1290

Black plague

1341 - 1350

Chinese ships reach Eastern Africa

1420

Magellan circumnavigates the World

1519 - 1522

Portuguese establish colonies in Brazil

1550

Irish Potato Famine!!!!

1845

Rachel Carson's Silent Spring marks rise of environmental movements

1962

Cultural

Sumerians develop written language

3400 B.C.

First Hieroglyphs in Egypt

3000 B.C.

Construction of Great Pyramids in Egypt

2550 B.C. - 2525 B.C.

Vedas written in India

1200 B.C.

Moses' Ten commandments

1200 B.C.

Phoenician Alphabet

1100 B.C.

Founding of Olympic Games

776 B.C.

Lao Tzu, founder of Taoism

604 bc - 531 bc

Mayans built temple at Tikal

600 bc

Upanishads written in India

600 bc

Siddhartha Gautama, The Buddah

563 bc - 483 bc

Confucius

551 bc - 479 bc

Zoroastrianism in Persia

550 bc

Plato, philosopher

427 bc - 347 bc

Founded Academy in Athens (387 B.C.)

China: Philosopher Mencius expands Confucianism

372 bc - 289 bc

Epicurus, Greek philosopher

341 bc - 270 bc

Aristole Develops Music Theory

340 bc

Use of Zero and Decimals in India

325 B.C.

Buddhism becomes state religion in Mauryan Empire (India)

256 bc

Theravada Buddhism (Original) in Southern India

250 bc

Mahayana Buddhism (Spiritual) in Northern India

210 bc

More popular today.

Rosetta Stone inscribed in three Languages

200 bc

Julian Calender in Rome

46 B.C.

365 days with a leap year.

Jesus Christ

4 bc - 30 ce

Founded Christianity.

Colosseum in Rome

0080 CE

Buddhism spreads to China

100

First use of paper in China

105

Sun Temple built at Teotihuacan (Mexico)

150

Earliest Sanskrit in India

150

Art flourishes in Gupta Empire

400

Early Shinto shrines in Japan

475

Hagia Sophia Completed

537

Buddhism introduced in Japan

550

Life of Muhhamad

570 - 632

First Printed books in China

600

Muhammad leaves Mecca for Medina

622

Returns in 630 to gain control of Mecca

Wood Block prints in China

650

Korean Culture Flourishes

800

Chinese State returns to Confucianism; bans Buddhism

845

Viking innovations in ship building

900

Chinese use ceramics to create movable type

1050

Movable type is the system of printing and typography that uses movable components to reproduce the elements of a document (usually individual letters or punctuation). Kind of like a newspaper press.

Third crusade unable to regain Jerusalem

1189 - 1191

Italian Renaissance begins

1325

The Great Schism

1378 - 1416

Rival Popes compete for power.

Korea Metal type used for prints

1392

China: Forbidden City started

1406

Council of Constance ends Great Schism

1417

Johannes Gutenberg develops movable type

1450

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Copernicus theorizes: Earth revolves around the Sun

1510

Painting completed at the Sistine Chapel

1512

By Michelangelo

First rifles developed

1515 - 1520

95 Theses, beginning of the Reformation

1517

Written by Martin Luther

Selling of Indulgences

1517

Under Pope Leo X

Reformation Parliament severs ties with the Church of Rome

1529

Henry VIII's parliament

William Shakespeare

1553 - 1616

Presbyterian Church founded

1560

By John Knox

Religious tolerance in India

1583

Ordered By Akbar I

Law of Planetary Motion Developed

1619

By Johannes Kepler; In Germany

English philosopher John Locke

1632 - 1704

Taj Mahal Completed

1634 - 1638

In India

Law of Gravity developed

1665

By Sir Isaac Newton; In England

U.S. Benjamin Franklin publishes findings on electricity

1752

Romantic Movement in art and literature

1770

Lewis and Clark expedition through western U.S.

1804 - 1806

Beethoven's Fifth Symphony

1808

British novelist Charles Dickens

1812 - 1870

Webster publishes "American Dictionary of the English Language"

1828

American writer Mark Twain

1835 - 1910

Charles Darwin's "On the Origins of Species"

1859

proposes evolution by natural selection

Victor Hugo's "Les Miserables"

1862

Mexican artist Diego Rivera

1886 - 1957

Vincent Van Gogh's "Sunflowers"

1888

Paris Eiffel Tower completed

1889

Greece Olympic Games revived

1896

British J. J. Thomson discovers electron

1897

France Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium

1898

Germany Max Planck forms quantum theory

1900

U.S. Albert Einstein proposes first theory of relativity

1905

First Balkan war against Ottomans

1912

Second Balkan war: Bulgaria fight Serbia and Grace

1913

First "talking" movies

1927

Color TV patented in the US

1928

Nuremburg laws make the Persecution of the Jews worse

1935

*Could also be Political

John Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath

1939

*COLOR CHANGE REQUIRED

US: Enrico Fermi builds first nuclear reactor

1942

I don't know which category this should be in.

US: Japanese internment on the west coast

1942

They also did this to other Asian races because they didn't want any form of Asian

Early computer developed for wartime usage

1943

UN: Universal Declarations of Human Rights

1948

USSR launches Sputnik satellite into orbit

1957

Success of Beatles begins internationalization of Pop culture

1964

Mao begins Cultural Revolution

1966

Helsinki Accords codify human rights

1975

AIDS identified

1981

Population Reaches 5 billion

1987

Consensus forms around theories of global warming

1996

Human Genome Project completely sequences a chromosome's DNA

1999

COLOR CHANGE REQUIRED

Economic

Potter's Wheel invented in China

2500 B.C.

Begining of Geometry and Equations

1000 B.C.

Steel made in India

475 B.C.

First Aqueduct in Rome

310 B.C.

System of Crop Rotation in China

86 B.C.

Establishment of Silk Road to Rome

80 ce - 97 ce

Chinese contain Kushans.

Rise of Ghana as Trading Power in West Africa

300

First Silk production in Europe

560

Ming porcelain first exported

1460

Scotland James Watt develops double-acting steam engine

1782

U.S. Eli Whitney invents cotton gin

1793

England, US bans importation of slaves

1807 - 1808

Britain First steam locomotive

1814

California Gold Rush

1848

Commodore Matthew Perry forces Japan to open to foreign trade

1854

U.S. Transcontinental Railroad completed in Utah

1869

Suez Canal opens

1869

U.S. First electrical power plant

1881

Britain Parson's steam turbine

1884

Germany Gottleib Daimler creates internal combustion engine

1885

motorcycle

Russians begin Trans-Siberian Railroad

1891

Stock market crash

1929

US and world enter the great depression

New York Stock market crash

1987

NAFTA established

1992

North American Free Trade Agreement

European Community forms common European market

1993