French Timeline (1559 - 1594)

In relation to Edexcel A2 unit 3 Early Modern History, Tudor England 1536 - 1588, specifically the reign of Elizabeth I

King of France

Francis II

1559 - 1560

Charles IX

1560 - 1574

Henry III

1574 - 1589

Succession Dispute

1589 - 1594

Henry IV

1594

Events

Domination of the Guise faction

1559 - 1589

Treaty of Cateau Cambresis

1559

Death of Henry II

1559

Massacre of French Hugenots at La Havre

1562

English intervene. French take this as a invasion. Hugenots and Catholics unite to repel the English. English not kept the conditions of the Treaty of CC which means Calais is lost forever

French Religious War

1562

Treaty of Troyes

1563

Confirms the loss of Calais

Elizabeth starts promoting marriage to Henry duc d'Anjou

1570

Supported by Cecil
Religion the main problem

Ridolfi Plot in England

1571

Plot to depose Elizabeth I of England and replace her with Mary Queen of Scots. Led to the expulsion of Spanish Ambassador d'Spes. Leads to England needing a formal alliance with France

Massacre of Saint Bartholomew

1572

Murder of 13000 French Hugenots, masterminded by the Guise Faction.

Treaty of Blois

1572

Diplomatic revolution, England siding with France
England gaining a French Shield
Treaty of Mutual Defence against Spain

Death of Charles IX

1574

Elizabeth interest in Hercule Duc d'Anjou

1574

Ernest Marriage Negotiatiosn with England

1578

Leicester and Walsingham not keen on the match

Death of Hercle d'Anjou

1584

Childless

Succession Crisis

1584 - 1589

Heir, Protestant Henry of Navarre

Treaty of Joinville

1584

Philip II of Spain and Guise Catholic League

Assassination of Henry III by Guise faction

1589