Untitled timeline

Main

Mollies

1700

"Molly houses" offered a space for English gay men to meet. "Mollies" usually crossdressed.

First Surgery

1931

The first sex reassignment surgery of two male transvestites.

Robert Cowell

1951

Robert Cowell became Roberta Cowell. She was the first full surgically altered transsexual in the United Kingdom.

April Ashley

1960

April Ashley had reassignment surgery in Casablanca in 1960. She became a successful fashion model and actress afterwards but she was outed as transexual by the Sunday People in 1961 in the UK.

Medical Statistics/ Success Rates

1968

A researcher concluded that a group of transsexuals who underwent sex reassignment surgery was 10 times more likely to have a satisfactory outcome, in terms of social and emotional status, than a group who did not.

Medical Treatment

1972

The American Medical Association Commission on Human Sexuality sanctioned sex reassignment surgery as a treatment of choice for diagnosed transsexuals.

Surgery Statistics

1977

1000 surgical procedures would be performed int he US in 1980.

BBC

1979

A series of programs called 'A Change of Sex' are aired on the BBC. For the first time viewers were able to follow pre-op transsexual Julia Grant through her transition.

FTM

1991

Gender Trust is founded. FTM activist Jamison Green took over Lou Sullivan's FTM newsletter and transformed it into FTM International, Inc., the worlds largest information and networking group for female-to-male transgender people and transexual men.

Boys Don't Cry

1993

Transgender teen Brandon Teena was raped and murdered in Humboldt, Nebraska. This hate crime bought attention to transgender discrimination and violence. This subject influenced the film, Boys Don't Cry.

UK Sex Discrimination Act

1999

This Discrimination Act includes the protection of those who have undergone Gender Reassignment.

UK Gender Recognition Act

2004

This Recognition Act becomes a law, which offers transgender people full legal recognition of change of gender.