The Civil War and Reconstruction

1860-1877

Main

South Carolina secedes

1860

The Election of Abraham Lincoln

1860

Six more states, all from the Deep South, secede

1861

The inauguration of Lincoln

1861

Fighting at Fort Sumter

1861

Four more states, from the Upper South, secede

1861

Homestead Act

1862

The Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect

1863

New York City draft riots

1863

Sherman's March to the Sea

1864

13th amendment is ratified

1865

Lincoln is assassinated

1865

Southern states begin to pass Black codes

1865

Freedman's Bureau is established

1865

Civil Rights Act passed

1866

Ku Klux Klan is formed

1866

Tenure of Office Act

1867

Reconstruction Acts passed; beginning of Congressional Reconstruction

1867

Johnson is impeached

1868

14th Amendment is ratified

1868

15th Amendment is ratified

1870

Agreement ends Reconstruction; Hayes becomes president

1877