Development of British Columbia 1800s

Zoom at 5 years

Development of BC

George Simpson becomes govenor of HBC

1826

Simpson establishes second HBC post - Fort Langley

1827

(Fraser River)

Beaver arrives

1835

Mobile base for trading - British

Simpson toured Oregon Territory

1841

He is not pleased with how the fur trade is expanding

McLoughlin's son killed in brawl

1842

Now he's all >(

New depot established on VI - Fort Victoria

1843

Under James Douglas

Democrat James Polk ran

1844

Slogan - 54, 40 or fight

Polk tried to negotiate for Oregon Territory with Britain

1845

Old boundary was stretched west to Pacific Ocean.

British government created crown colony of VI

1848

Colony new govenor was James Douglas

1848

Colony began to diversify.

1850

Coal mines found. Immigrants arrived.

Gov. Douglas creates Leg. Assembly

1856

Confederation

Douglas retires.

1864

Replaced by -
Seymour in BC
Kennedy on VI

Hastings saw mill opens

1865

Moody, North Vancouver

BC racks up debt

1866

Almost $300,000 on VI
Nearly 1 million on the mainland
Credit with the banks runs out

Election for Leg. Assembly

1868

5 from mainland (confederationists)
4 from VI (annexationists)

Gassy Jack Deighton opens saloon

1868

Dry town. 1.5k from the mill. Gastown is founded.

Confederation debate

August 6 1868 - 1870

Three factions -
No
Yes
Go to US (annexation)

VI and mainland become one

August 6 1868

Seymour becomes governor.

Seymour dies

1869

Anthony Musgrave replaces. Friend of JAM. Aim was for confed.

Delegation took propsal to Ottowa. BC officially joins Canada

July 20 1871

Leg. Assembly accepted with the promise of Resp. Gov. and a railway.

Gold Rush

Gold found on Sacremento River

1848

Hudson's Bay trader arrives in Fort Victoria

1857

Brings furs and gold dust and nuggets. Mines move from California rush to Fort Victoria.

Doulas worries about American influx

1858

Told colonial office in London, Douglas was made the gov. of new crown colony of BC (mainland).

First ship of miners arrived

1858

Gold deposits found of Fraser River

1860 - 1861

Douglas decides to build Cariboo Road to make sure gold left via. Fraser, NOT through US territory.

Construction of Cariboo Road

1862 - 1866

Yale - Barkerville

CPR

Battle of the routes

1871 - 1880

Twenty one routes considered - yikes!

Stephen, Smith and Hill manage to turn a profit of 17 million

1877

Bought for 100,000 dollars. Four years in they turned the railway around and made a profit.

JAM proposes terms to CPR Syndicate

1880 - 1881

Upon completion government would give over 25 million, plus 25 million acres. They also got a monopoly of all rail traffic west of Lake Superior for the next 20 years, plus tax exemption on all unsold lands. In return the Syndicate promised a completion time of ten years. As soon as it was approved by parliament they changed the route.

Port Moody designated the terminus of CPR

1881

Van Horne arrives in Port Moody and changes the route

1884

Terminus becomes Vancouver. (Mudflat)

CPR completed

November 7 1885

Vancouver begins to be built

First train crossed Canada

1886

The first train crossed Canada from Dalhousie Station in Montréal to Port Moody, 20 kilometres from the small town of Granville, which eventually became Vancouver

CPR promotes the growth of Vancouver

1886

Vancouver burns down

June 1886

Quickly rebuilt. 6 weeks later.

Chinese in BC

California Gold rush brins in Chinese Immigrants

1850

Thousands arrive for Cariboo gold rush

1860

Rework old European claims

CPR railway hires large number of Chinese workers

1881 - November 7 1885

Railway is finished

November 7 1885

Many Chinese were not told of conditions, had less money than expected and could not return.

Other

Many places experienced rapid growth

1890 - 1900

Growth of other mining. orchards, farming, tourism.

1890 - 1900