AP European

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Black Death

1348 - 1350

Renaissance Humanism and Art

1350 - 1500

Gutenberg

1454

Columbus reaches America

1492

Machiavelli writes the Prince

1513

Magellan Circumnavigates the Globe

1519 - 1522

Peace of Augsburg

1555

Recognizes Protestant and Catholic states in Germany

Peace of Westphalia

1648

Recognizes system of sovereign European states

War of Spanish Succession

1702 - 1713

Peace of Utrecht

1713

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

1st Partition of Poland

1772

Prussia, Austria, and Russia

2nd Partition of Poland

1793

3rd Partition of Poland

1795

Second Coalition

1799 - 1801

Austria, Russia, Britain vs. France

Third Coaltion

1805 - 1807

Austria, Russia, Britain vs. France

Treaty of Tilsit

1807

Alliance between France and Russia

Continental System

1807

Congress of Vienna

1814 - 1815

Frankfurt Assembly

1848

Convenes to draft constitution for a unified German state

Italians revolt against Austrian rule

1848

Communist Manifesto Published

Jan. 1848

Prussian Legislative Assembly meets in Berlin

1848

Worker-Army clashes

1848

In Paris, thousands die

Migration from Europe

1850 - 1940

About 60 million people emigrate from Europe

Commodore Perry

1853

Japan opened to foreign trade

Crimean War

1854 - 1856

France and Britain join with Turkey to defeat Russia

Italy United

1861

Italians establish a unified Kingdom of Italy

Suez Canal opens

1869

Russia

Rebellion of Rural population

1667 - 1671

Led by Stephen Razin

Westernizing Reforms

1698 - 1725

Peter the Great leads western reforms

Rule of Catherine the Great

1762 - 1796

Pugachev rebellion

1773

Russia suppresses National movement in Poland

1831

Serfdom Abolished

1961

Tsar Alexander II ends serfdom

Dissolution of the Soviet Union

1991

England

Hundred Years' War

1337 - 1453

Defeat of Spanish Armada

1588

Civil War

1642 - 1648

Execution of King Charles I

1649

Cromwell rules England

1649 - 1658

English Monarchy Restored

1660

King Charles II

Glorious Revolution

1688

William and Mary brought to the English throne; strengthened Parliament

South Sea Bubble

1720

Seven Years' War

1756 - 1763

Revolutionary War

1776 - 1783

Mechanical Cotton Spinning

1780 - 1789

Joseph II Rules

1780 - 1790

Introduced enlightened reforms

Peterloo Massacre

1819

Repeal of Corn Laws

1846

marks British ascendancy in industry

France

Hundred Years' War

1337 - 1453

France invades Italy

1494

Ends era of independent city states

Religious and Civil Wars

1562 - 1598

Edict of Nantes

1598

Issued by King Henry IV, grants religious rights to french Protestants

Personal reign of Louis XIV

1661 - 1715

Mississippi Bubble

1720

king Louis XVI reigns

1774 - 1792

1789

1789

MAY: Estates General convenes at Versailles
JUNE: Third Estate declares itself to be the National Assembly
JULY: Crowd captures the Bastille
AUGUST: National assembly issues "Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen" and abolishes feudal privileges

1791

1791

SEPTEMBER: New French Constitution establishes a constitutional monarchy
APRIL: France declares war on Austria and Prussia

1792

1792

SEPTEMBER: New national convention meets in Paris; France becomes a Republic

Louis XIV is executed

1793

Reign of Terror

1793 - 1794

Robespierre and Allies are executed

1794

Directory Rule

1795 - 1799

The directory governs France and sends armies to spread revolutionary republicanism in Europe

Napoleon is "First Consul"

1799 - 1804

Napoleon seizes power

1799

Concordat with RCC

1801

France becomes an empire

1804

Ruled ny Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon invades Russia

1812

Restoration of Bourbon Monarchy

1814

100 Day Rule and Waterloo

1815

Revolutions

1848

in Vienna, Berlin, Bohemia, and Hungary; Metternich flees from Vienna to England

Revolution in Paris

1848

Declaration of a second French Republic

Louis Napoleon Bonaparte declared emperor

1852

"Emperor Napoleon III" declares a second French Republic

Paris Rebulit

1853 - 1870

Baron Haussmann supervises modern rebuilding

Third French Republic

1870

Prussia defeats France in war; Napoleon III abdicates

Paris Commune supressed

1871

Religion

"Babylonian Captivity": Papacy in Avignon

1309 - 1378

Schism of Roman Catholic Church

1378 - 1417

Popes in Rome and Avignon

95 Theses

1517

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Spain

Spanish conquests of Native American empires

1519 - 1533

Reign of King Phillip II

1556 - 1598

Latin American Independence Movement

1806 - 1825

Independence from Spain and Portugal

Netherlands

Revolt against Spanish Control

1566

Germany

30 Years War

1618 - 1648

Frederick William

1640 - 1688

The Great Elector develops state and military power in Prussia

Prussia strengthened

1713 - 1740

Frederick William I expands army and wealth of the Prussian state

Frederick II (The Great) rules Prussia

1740 - 1786

Carlsbad Decrees

1819

German Empire

1871

King Wilhelm of Prussia becomes emperor in newly established German Empire

Austria

Charles VI builds Austrian Empire

1711 - 1740

Habsburg empire returns

Pragmatic Sanction

1713

Maria Theresa Reigns

1740 - 1780

Counterrevolution

1848

Counterrevolutionary forces regain control of Austrian empire: Bohemia, Northern Italy, Hungary, Vienna

Louis Napoleon elected President

1848

Francis Joseph becomes emperor of Austrian Eempire

Dual Monarchy

1867

Austria and Hungary join together in a "Dual Monarchy" under Francis Joseph