Sealed by King John under oath at Runnymede, on the River Thames in England. The rules of England at the time. Everyone obeyed the Magna Carta.
Queen Elizabeth died about forty years before the English Civil War. When she died, her cousin had taken the throne in 1603, James I of England.
Elizabeth I of England
Oliver Cromwell was a political leader and later a Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
The Divine right of kings became the substitute for the Magna Carta in 1603. James I was a strong believer in the Divine right of Kings. https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRw7zzry-jVlCKNMpIIRy_mD2mi-ljMmevAV-RWvf_tK7URQdCsJm3Fexrd
His royalty was very important in this time period. James became King of England after his first cousin died, Elizabeth.
Second son of James. Charles believed in the Divine Right of Kings.
This was a problem because she was a Catholic nobody appreciated the marriage.
The King assembled a new, successful Parliament. The elected members included Oliver Cromwell and Edward Coke.
Charles restored the Thirty-Nine Articles in the Church of England and people were worried that he had become more Catholic.
Charles arrested nine members of Commons for offences against the state. Three were imprisoned.
1.That they would condemn any move to change religion.
2. That they would condemn any taxation levied without Parliament's authority.
3. That any merchant who paid 'illegal' taxes betrayed the liberty of England.
Charles dismissed Parliament.
Charles appointed William as Archbishop of Canterbury, which was another scare about Catholic.
John Bastwick, Henry Burton and William Prynne got their ears cut off for creating pamphlets against Laud's views.
The Pillory - Where the three men got cropped. Although this is not the exact one, there was one like this at the time.
Charles demanded Book of Common Prayer used in the Scottish Kirk.
Book of Common Prayer in London - 1689
King Charles joined to end rebellion.
The Treaty of Ripon was a treaty between Scotland and England. It allowed the Scots to stay in Durham and Northumberland until settlement was concluded.
A few days after Charles was unable to arrest 5 members of the House of Commons, he left the London area worried about the safety of his family, decided to move North.
Accompanied by 400 soldiers, Charles attempted to arrest five members of the House of Commons on a charge of treason.
House of Commons
This was the largest battle of the Civil War involving 45,000 soldiers. The Royalists were outnumbered but they decided to fight anyway. They were defeated by Parliament.
The battle was decisive in the first Civil War.King Charles I and his army was destroyed by the Parliamentarians new army commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell.
This was the final battle in the English Civil war. 2,8000 soldiers from the Cromwell's forces were very strong surprising the Royalists.
Oliver Cromwell died of natural causes (Malaria and stone) but 2 years after he had died, on January 30 1661 his body was exhumed from Westminster Abbey. Hung in chains at Tyburn then thrown into a pit. His severed head was displayed on a pole outside Westminster hall until 1685.