Sponsored by Spain; brought permanent interaction between Europeans and Natives
the pope drew a vertical, north-south line on a world map giving Spain all lands to the west and Portugal all the line to the east
Spain and Portugal move papal line dividing New World to the west. Established Portugal's claim to Brazil and Spain's claim to the rest of the Americas
First organized representative assembly in America- in Virginia
Sir Walter Raleigh attempted to establish an English settlement at Roanoke Island off North Carolina, but failed.
First English Settlement in north America. chartered by the Virginia Company which was a joint stock company(pooled savings of people of moderate means and supported trading ventures that seemed profitable). Problems early, but John Rolfe and John Smith helped establish the tobacco industry.
Samuel de Chaplain established the first French Colony along the St.Lawrence River. Jacques Cartier(1534-1542) explored the river earlier for the french
Henry Hudson explored the Hudson river. Dutch established settlement in New York
Puritans(influenced by John Calvin's belief of pre-destination which its the belief that God guides those who are to be saved), also known as separatist(wanted church independent of royal control) sought religious freedom. Went to America.
Virginia became a royal colony after the VA Company went bankrupt. First English royal colony(a colony under direct control of king or queen)
Impact of civil war in England- 15,000 settlers came to masochists bay colony
Puritans(who were not seperatists) gained a charter to come as a royal colony(1629). In 1630, John Winthrop founded Boston(city upon a hill anyone)