Early Colonies and Claims to Land

1492-1700

Main

Discoveries

Columbus Discover America

1492

Sponsored by Spain; brought permanent interaction between Europeans and Natives

Government/Treaties

Papal line of demarcation

1493

the pope drew a vertical, north-south line on a world map giving Spain all lands to the west and Portugal all the line to the east

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

Spain and Portugal move papal line dividing New World to the west. Established Portugal's claim to Brazil and Spain's claim to the rest of the Americas

House of Burgesses

1619

First organized representative assembly in America- in Virginia

Settlements

Roanoke

1587

Sir Walter Raleigh attempted to establish an English settlement at Roanoke Island off North Carolina, but failed.

Jamestown

1606

First English Settlement in north America. chartered by the Virginia Company which was a joint stock company(pooled savings of people of moderate means and supported trading ventures that seemed profitable). Problems early, but John Rolfe and John Smith helped establish the tobacco industry.

Quebec

1608

Samuel de Chaplain established the first French Colony along the St.Lawrence River. Jacques Cartier(1534-1542) explored the river earlier for the french

New Amsterdam/Dutch Claims

1609

Henry Hudson explored the Hudson river. Dutch established settlement in New York

Mayflower

1620

Puritans(influenced by John Calvin's belief of pre-destination which its the belief that God guides those who are to be saved), also known as separatist(wanted church independent of royal control) sought religious freedom. Went to America.

Virginia Royal Colony

1624

Virginia became a royal colony after the VA Company went bankrupt. First English royal colony(a colony under direct control of king or queen)

Great Migration

1630 - 1640

Impact of civil war in England- 15,000 settlers came to masochists bay colony

Massachussets Bay Colony

1630

Puritans(who were not seperatists) gained a charter to come as a royal colony(1629). In 1630, John Winthrop founded Boston(city upon a hill anyone)