akhir abad 18 hingga pertengahan abad 19
akhir abad 18
developed cranioscopy, the measurement of the skull to determine psychological characteristics, which was later renamed phrenology; it is now discredited.
abad 19 dan 20
pertengahan hingga akhir abad 19
reports to associates at a dinner party the anatomical separation of sensory and motor function of spinal cord
writes The World as Will and Idea
publishes an article which postulates the separation of sensory and motor function of the spinal cord
publishes Handbüch des Physiologie des Menschen
1843 publishes Either/Or and Fear and Trembling
1844 published The Concept of Anxiety, the first exposition on anxiety.
1849 published The Sickness Unto Death.
publishes the first volume of the Handbuch der physiologischen Optik
publishes The Elements of Psychophysics
discovered an area in the left cerebral hemisphere that is important for speech production, now known as Broca's area, founding neuropsychology.
completes the doctoral program in mathematics at Johns Hopkins.
publishes Thus Spake Zarathustra