Roman-exist-physiology-experimen psy

Main

Phrenology

1780 - 1870

akhir abad 18

Romanticism

1780 - 1859

akhir abad 18 hingga pertengahan abad 19

Existentialism

1800 - 1900

abad 19 dan 20

Franz Joseph Gall

1800

developed cranioscopy, the measurement of the skull to determine psychological characteristics, which was later renamed phrenology; it is now discredited.

Early Developments in Physiology

1810 - 1900

pertengahan hingga akhir abad 19

Sir Charles Bell

1811

reports to associates at a dinner party the anatomical separation of sensory and motor function of spinal cord

Schopenhauer

1819

writes The World as Will and Idea

Francis Magendie

1822

publishes an article which postulates the separation of sensory and motor function of the spinal cord

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

1831

completes Faust

Johannes Müller

1834

publishes Handbüch des Physiologie des Menschen

Søren Kierkegaard

1843 - 1849

1843 publishes Either/Or and Fear and Trembling
1844 published The Concept of Anxiety, the first exposition on anxiety.
1849 published The Sickness Unto Death.

Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz

1856

publishes the first volume of the Handbuch der physiologischen Optik

Gustav Fechner

1860

publishes The Elements of Psychophysics

Experimental Psychology

1861 - 1900

Paul Broca

1861

discovered an area in the left cerebral hemisphere that is important for speech production, now known as Broca's area, founding neuropsychology.

Christine Ladd Franklin

1882

completes the doctoral program in mathematics at Johns Hopkins.

Nietzsche

1883

publishes Thus Spake Zarathustra