The Meeting of Three Peoples

Prehistory- 1600

Main

Bartolomeu Dias (Portugal) sails around the Cape of Good Hope

1488

Chris Columbus (Italian, sailing for Spain) arrives in the New World

1492

Beginning the era of European colonization of the Americas

Vasco da Gama (Portugal) sails to India

1498

Martin Luther (Protestant Reformation, Catholic beliefs)

1517

Challenges challenges Roman Catholic beliefs and practices (Protestant Reformation)

Spanish forces, led by Hernan Cortes, defeat the Mexicans, led by Montezuma

1521

John Calvin breaks with the Catholic Church

1530

Spanish forces, led by Francisco Pizarro, defeat the Inca people

1532

The repartimiento reforms begin to replace the encomienda system

1549

Founding of the "lost" British colony of Roanoke

1587

British defeat of the Spanish Armada

1588