The Path of Empire 1890 – 1899

Presidential Administrations

Grant

March 4, 1869 - March 3, 1877

Ulysses S. Grant

Hayes

March 4, 1877 - March 3, 1881

Rutherford B. Hayes

Garfield

March 4, 1881 - September 18, 1881

James A. Garfield

Arthur

September 19, 1881 - March 3, 1885

Chester A. Arthur

Cleveland

March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1889

Grover Cleveland

Harrison

March 4, 1889 - March 3, 1893

Benjamin Harrison

Cleveland

March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1897

Grover Cleveland

McKinley

March 4, 1897 - September 13, 1901

William McKinley
The Spanish American War
“Open Door Policy”

Roosevelt

September 14, 1901 - March 3, 1909

Theodore Roosevelt
In the late 1890s Roosevelt had been an ardent imperialist, and vigorously defended the permanent acquisition of the Philippines in the 1900 election campaign. After the rebellion ended in 1901 he largely lost interest in the Philippines and Asian expansion generally, despite the contradictory opinion of his Secretary of War, William Howard Taft As president he primarily directed the nation's overseas ambitions on the Caribbean, especially locations that had a bearing on the defense of his pet project, the Panama Canal.

Taft

March 4, 1909 - March 3, 1913

William Howard Taft
Dollar Diplomacy

Wilson

January 17, 1911 - March 1, 1913

Woodrow Wilson
The war to make the world safe for democracy

Hawaii

Citizen's Committee of Public Safety

April 16, 1883

The goal of this group was to achieve annexation of Hawaiʻi to the United States.

1887 Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaii

July 6, 1887

"Bayonet Constitution"

July 6, 1887

1887 Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaii was a legal document by anti-monarchists to strip the Hawaiian monarchy of much of its authority, initiating a transfer of power to American, European and native Hawaiian elites.

The Provisional Government of Hawaii

January 1893 - July 3, 1894

Overthrow of Queen Liliʻuokalani

January 17, 1893

Queen Liliʻuokalani was overthrown and replaced by a Provisional Government composed of members of the Committee of Safety.

Blount Report

July 17, 1893

The report was conducted by U.S. Commissioner James H. Blount, appointed by U.S. President Grover Cleveland to investigate the events surrounding the January 1893 overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

The Republic of Hawaii

July 4, 1894 - 1898

American lawyer Sanford B. Dole became President of the Republic in 1894

Failed counter-revolution

January 24, 1895

The U.S. Territory of Hawaii

July 6, 1898 - 1959

Dole appointed territorial governor after U.S. annexation

June 14, 1900 - November 23, 1903

President William McKinley appointed Dole to become the first territorial governor after U.S. annexation of Hawaii.

Hawaii Admission Act

1959

Hawaii Admission Act

Spanish–American War

The Ten Years War

October 10, 1868 - 1878

A revolution broke out, known as the Ten Years War

Sinking of the U.S.S. Maine

February 15, 1898

U.S.S. Maine sank in Havana Harbor after suffering a massive explosion.

Congress authorizes the use of Force

April 20, 1898

Congress authorized President McKinley to use as much military force as he thought necessary to help Cuba gain independence from Spain.

Spain declared war on April 23

April 23, 1898

Spain declared war on

The Treaty of Paris

December 10, 1898