Cold War

Unit 4

Tehran Conference

November 1943

Yalta Conference

February 1945

Roosevelt dies

12 April 1945

WW2 ends

May 1945

Atlee replaces Churchill

July 1945

First successful atomic bomb test

16 July 1945

Potsdam Conference

August 1945

Allies combine zones

1946

Churchill endorses Iron Curtain

March 1946

"an iron curtain has descended"

Truman Doctrine

March 1947

Marshall Plan

June 1947

Cominform

October 1947

Marshall Aid

April 1948

Berlin Blockade

24 June 1948 - 12 May 1949

Berlin Airlift

28 June 1948 - April 1949

Lasts 10 months

Arms race

1949 - 1955

Comecon

1949

Stalin calls off the blockade

12 May 1949

NATO established

June 1949

Stalin dies

1953

Khrushchev is his successor

West Germany joins NATO

1955

Warsaw Pact established

May 1955

deStalinisation is first announced

February 1956

Nagy becomes Prime Minister of Hungary

26 October 1956

Rakosi -> Gerö -> Nagy

Hungarian Uprising

November 1956

Lasts 2 weeks

Unit 5

Sputnik launched

1957

Khrushchev suggests Berlin should be left alone

1958

Cuban Revolution

1959

USSR shoots down U-2 spy plane

5 May 1960

Paris summit was meant to take place

14 May 1960

Bay of Pigs fiasco

April 1961

Berlin Wall - borders close and a 50km wall is built

13 August 1961

tank standoff at Checkpoint Charlie

27 October 1961

Friedrichstraße

U-2 spy plane over Cuba sees nuclear missile sites

14 October 1962

Kennedy announces blockade

20 October 1962

USSR says it will ignore this act of aggression

24 October 1962

letter from USSR to USA

26 October 1962

claims missiles to be defensive - will be removed if no attack

another letter

27 October 1962

missiles will be removed if USA removes its missiles in Turkey

Khrushchev agrees to remove missiles

28 October 1962

Kennedy refuses to removes USA's missiles in Turkey

Moscow-Washington hotline created

June 1963

JFK visits Berlin

June 1963

'I am a jam donut'
'Ich bin ein Berlinner'

signing of the Test Ban Treaty

August 1963

Prague Spring reforms

5 April 1968

Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty

1 July 1968

Brezhnev Doctrine

August 1968

Bratislava Declaration

3 August 1968

USSR invasion of Prague

20 August 1968 - 21 August 1968

SALT I talks

1969

SALT I agreements

May 1972

SALT II

1975 - 1979

President Carter

Helsinki agreements

1975

handshake in space

July 1975

Unit 6

USSR troops sent to Afghanistan

December 1979

In accordance with the Brezhnev Doctrine

Moscow Olympics boycott

1980

US defence programme costs more than $ trillion

1981 - 1987

Reagan announces SDI

23 March 1983

Los Angeles Olympics boycott

1984

Gorbachev becomes leader of the USSR

1985

perestroika and glasnost reforms

1986

Gorbachev's new policy for Eastern Europe

1987

opposition to Communism spreads

1989

Poland/Romania (uprising and Prime Minister Ceausescu executed)/Germany

opening of German borders

9 November 1989

Gorbachev wins Nobel Peace Prize

1990

East and West Germany formally reunified

3 October 1990

Warsaw Pact dissolved

July 1991

hardliners attempt a coup d'etat

19 August 1991

USSR collapses

December 1991

USSR

Stalin

1943 - 1953

Khrushchev, Malenkov, Molotov - committee

1953 - 1956

Khrushchev

1956 - 1964

Brezhnev

1964 - 1983

Andropov

1983 - 1984

Chernenko

1984 - 1985

Gorbachev

1985 - 1991

USA

Roosevelt

1933 - 1945

Truman

1945 - 1952

Eisenhower

1952 - 1960

Kennedy

1960 - 1963

Johnson

1963 - 1968

Nixon

1968 - 1973

Ford

1973 - 1976

Appointed after Water Gate Scandal

Carter

1976 - 1980

Reagan

1980 - 1988

Bush Sr

1988 - 1993