Scottish Timeline (1559 - 1587)

In relation to Edexcel A2 unit 3 Early Modern History, Tudor England 1536 - 1588, specifically the reign of Elizabeth I

Monarch

Mary I

1559 - 1567

James VI

1567 - 1587

Events

John Knox sermon in Edinburgh

May 1559

Sparks Iconoclasm

Mary of Guise regency suspended of Protestant Lords

October 1559

French Troops sent to uphold her authority (limited due to French succession issues)
English troops and ships sent at Cecil's insistence

Death of Mary of Guise

1560

Treaty of Edinburgh

1560

All French troops to be removed from Scotland
France had to recognize Scotland as an independent Protestant state (breaking the Auld Alliance

Death of Francis II of France

1560

Queen Mary returns to Scotland

1561

Catholic
Pro-French

Le Havre Massacre of French Huguenots

1562

English involvement defeating Huguenots, Scotland does nothing to assist France

Queen Mary deposed

1567

Forced abdication in favour of James VI

Earl of Moray becomes regent

1568

Protestant
Pro-English

Mary Queen of Scots arrives in England

1568

Earl of Moray is murdered

1570

Leads to a political struggle for the control of the boy King James VI. English intervene to support Protestant Lords

Morton becomes regent

1578

Protestant
Pro-English

Morton forced to resign

1579

Arrival of Esme Stuart in Scotland

1579

Catholic
Pro-French (links to the Guise Faction)
Young and attractive
Very influential over James VI
Becomes the Earl of Lennox

Arrival of James Stewart

1580

Another young, attractive Catholic
Made Earl of Arran

Morton arrested and executed

1580

Charged wit the murder of Robert Darnley (2nd husband of Mary Queen of Scots and James VI's father)
Elizabeth I of England protestant but took no action

Guise Plot to depose Elizabeth I of England

1581

Jesuit Priests were to rise the North of England with the support of Scotland while the Duke of Guise from France invaded from the South
Nothing Happened

Raid of Ruthven

1582

The Protestant Lords abduct James VI
Lennox and Arran are driven out of Scotland

Ruthven Party loose control of James VI

1583

Walsingham turns the Master of Gray into an English Spy

1583

Return of the Earl of Arran with the Master of Gray

1583

Patrick, Gray, the Master of Gray, was another of James VI favourites

Treaty of Berwick

1586

£4000 pension paid to James VI by England
James VI confirmed as successor to Elizabeth I of England

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

1587

Scotland protests but takes no action