-Incredible contributions made to educational theory: "learning by doing", "education for life".
-Planes are useful for the first time
-Spawns tiny communist party in the US
-Causes Red Scare
-Attorney General A. "Fighting Quaker" Mitchell Palmer: Saw red too easily, collected 6,000 radical/communist suspects. After the June 1919 bombing, he freaked out and was renamed the "Quaking Fighter" instead.
-Criminal syndicalism laws: Passed by states to protect citizens, they made ADVOCACY alone of violence to cause social change illegal, causing an uproar about "free screech".
-The American plan: Unions=Socialists, antiunion campaign
-More dangerous home brew caused blindness or death
-Bank savings increased, absenteeism in industry decreased, and a little less alcohol was consumed
Set the rules for Prohibition/ implemented the 18th Amendment
-249 alleged alien radicals shipped to Russia
-Purely because they were socialists, Red Scare
-Most people are urban, not rural
-Working women, usually in retail
-Modernists: Kind God
-"Sexual repression is unhealthy" -Sigmund Freud
-Marcus Garvey- United Negro Improvement Association: Resettle in African homeland
-Margaret Sanger: Birth control
-Major changes, all around
-Against: Foreign, Catholic, black, Jewish, pacifist, communist, internationalist, revolutionist, bootlegger, gambling, adultery, birth control
-For: Anglo-Saxon, "native" American, Protestant
-Particularly popular in the Midwest and Bible Belt South
-At its peak in the mid-20's, 5,000,000 members
-Ruined by revelation of its high recruitment incentives
-Unexplained explosion revives hysteria when it kills 38 people and hurts several hundred more.
Gives free instruction in childcare
-3% of each nationality's presence in America in 1910 allowed to come in each year
-Most benefited Southern and Eastern Europe immigrants
-Nicola Sacco (Shoe-factory worker), Bartolomeo Vanzetti (Fish peddler): convicted of murder of Massachusetts paymaster and his guard; accused largely because of racism: They were Italians, atheists, anarchists, and draft dodgers.
-Assembly line nearly perfected: Fordism, Ransom E. Olds
-Buying on credit
-Debt! Debt! (This! Is! A nice hotel indeed, it's a nice hotel indeed!)
-Equal rights amendment (failure)
-2% of citizens living in the US in 1890 from each nationality could immigrate in
-Northern immigrants benefited most
-Japanese completely shut out
-Latin Americans, Canadians exempt from restrictions
-Marked the end of free immigration to the US
-Horace Kallen: immigrants should be able to practice their own customs here
-Randolph Bourne: immigrants should integrate to make one massive culture
-Gang warfare, bootlegging
-John T. Scopes of Dayton, Tennessee is tried for teaching evolution, causing a massive theology versus biology clash. He was fined $100, but got off on a technicality.
-Brought forth more Fundamentalism, the reconciliation between Christianity and science.
"Flyin' Fool" "Lucky Lindy" in a "Coffin with wings" crosses the Atlantic
Featured a main character in black face
By electrocution. See case; 1921-1927
-7 unarmed members of an opposing gang are murdered; Al Capone's men are never convicted
-For the first time in US history
-Finally caught for income tax evasion; serves most of 11 years before being released with a terrible case syphilis.
-Charles A. Lindbergh, aviator hero, loses his infant son when the child is held for ransom and then killed.
-A direct result of baby Lindbergh's kidnapping and murder, this law makes interstate abduction in certain circumstances a death-penalty offense.
Roosevelt's one major failure- the people of the US were extremely disturbed by this apparent attempt to seize more power.
A threat created by black leader A. Philip Randolph (head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters), the Negro March on Washington was intended to demand equal job and armed forces opportunities for African Americans. Roosevelt issued an executive order preventing discrimination in defense industries as a result.
-Some terrible bullshit
-Ended with the government agreeing to pay $20,000 reparations to all camp survivors in 1988
Advocated for nonviolent "direct action" for racial equality.
A program that, through an agreement between the Mexican and US governments, brought thousands of Mexican workers to the US to harvest fruit and grain crops in the West. It continued for 20 years after the war ended.
Just as major as Eli Whitney's cotton gin; did the work of 50 people at 1/8th the cost. The Southern need for cheap labor evaporated as a result.
In which the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of Japanese internment in one of its less that fabulous judgements