The Fabulous APUSH Timeline

Main

First story-sequence motion picture

1903

Wright Brothers fly at Kitty Hawk

december 17 1903

Professor John Dewey works at Columbia University

1904 - 1930

-Incredible contributions made to educational theory: "learning by doing", "education for life".

Oklahoma admitted to the Union

1907

The Great War

1914 - 1918

-Planes are useful for the first time

Birth of a Nation film glorifies the KKK

1915

Bolshevik Revolution

1917

-Spawns tiny communist party in the US
-Causes Red Scare

Red Scare

1919 - 1920

-Attorney General A. "Fighting Quaker" Mitchell Palmer: Saw red too easily, collected 6,000 radical/communist suspects. After the June 1919 bombing, he freaked out and was renamed the "Quaking Fighter" instead.
-Criminal syndicalism laws: Passed by states to protect citizens, they made ADVOCACY alone of violence to cause social change illegal, causing an uproar about "free screech".
-The American plan: Unions=Socialists, antiunion campaign

18th Amendment

1919

-Prohibition
-Poorly enforced
-More dangerous home brew caused blindness or death
-Bank savings increased, absenteeism in industry decreased, and a little less alcohol was consumed

Volstead Act

1919

Set the rules for Prohibition/ implemented the 18th Amendment

Communist bombing in Washington

june 1919

Buford "Soviet Ark" communist deportation

december 1919

-249 alleged alien radicals shipped to Russia

Radio broadcasting begins

1920

Merchant Marine Act

1920

Esch-Cummins Transportation Act

1920

19th Amendment- Women's Suffrage

1920

5 socialist NY legislature members denied seats

1920

-Purely because they were socialists, Red Scare

Airmail begins

1920

Small recession

1920 - 1921

The Dynamic Decade

1920 - 1930

-Flappers
-Most people are urban, not rural
-Working women, usually in retail
-Modernists: Kind God
-"Sexual repression is unhealthy" -Sigmund Freud
-Racial pride
-Marcus Garvey- United Negro Improvement Association: Resettle in African homeland
-Jazz
-Margaret Sanger: Birth control
-Major changes, all around

KKK blossoms again

1920 - 1928

-Against: Foreign, Catholic, black, Jewish, pacifist, communist, internationalist, revolutionist, bootlegger, gambling, adultery, birth control
-For: Anglo-Saxon, "native" American, Protestant
-Particularly popular in the Midwest and Bible Belt South
-At its peak in the mid-20's, 5,000,000 members
-Ruined by revelation of its high recruitment incentives

The Senate defeats the Versailles Treaty

July 1920

Wall Street bomb

September 1920

-Unexplained explosion revives hysteria when it kills 38 people and hurts several hundred more.

Sheppard-Towner Maternity Act

1921

Gives free instruction in childcare

Sheppard-Towner Maternity Act

1921

Veterans Bureau created

1921

Bureau of the Budget created

1921

Emergency Quota Act

1921 - 1924

-3% of each nationality's presence in America in 1910 allowed to come in each year
-Most benefited Southern and Eastern Europe immigrants

Sacco-Vanzetti Trial

1921 - 1927

-Nicola Sacco (Shoe-factory worker), Bartolomeo Vanzetti (Fish peddler): convicted of murder of Massachusetts paymaster and his guard; accused largely because of racism: They were Italians, atheists, anarchists, and draft dodgers.

Capper-Volstead Act

1921

Huge Profits

1921 - 1928

-Assembly line nearly perfected: Fordism, Ransom E. Olds
-Sex appeal
-Sports grow
-Buying on credit
-Debt! Debt! (This! Is! A nice hotel indeed, it's a nice hotel indeed!)

Fordney-McCumber Tariff Law

1922

Five-Power Naval treaty signed

1922

Four-Power and Nine-Power treaties on the Far East

1922

Adkins V. Children's Hospital

1923

Harding dies; Coolidge assumes presidency

1923

Teapot Dome Scandal

1923

Equal Rights Amendment proposed (ERA)

1923

Alice Paul forms the National Women's Party

1923

-Equal rights amendment (failure)
-Suffrage

Coolidge wins 3-way presidential election

1924

Native Americans granted US citizenship

1924

Adjusted Compensation Act for Veterans

1924

Immigration Act of 1924

1924

-2% of citizens living in the US in 1890 from each nationality could immigrate in
-Northern immigrants benefited most
-Japanese completely shut out
-Latin Americans, Canadians exempt from restrictions
-Marked the end of free immigration to the US
-Horace Kallen: immigrants should be able to practice their own customs here
-Randolph Bourne: immigrants should integrate to make one massive culture

US Troops leave the Dominican Republic

1924

Dawes Plan for International Finance

1924

Scopes Trial

1925

Florida real estate boom

1925

"Scarface" Al Capone rules

1925 - 1931

-Gang warfare, bootlegging

"Monkey Trial", Scopes trial

1925

-John T. Scopes of Dayton, Tennessee is tried for teaching evolution, causing a massive theology versus biology clash. He was fined $100, but got off on a technicality.
-Brought forth more Fundamentalism, the reconciliation between Christianity and science.

US Troops Occupy Nicaragua

1926

Lindbergh flies solo across the Atlantic

1927

"Flyin' Fool" "Lucky Lindy" in a "Coffin with wings" crosses the Atlantic

First talking motion picture- The Jazz Singer

1927

Featured a main character in black face

Sacco and Vanzetti Executed

1927

By electrocution. See case; 1921-1927

Kellogg-Briand Pact

1928

Hoover defeats Smith for presidency

1928

Hoover makes goodwill tour of Latin America

1928

Stock market crashes

1929

Agricultural Marketing Act sets up the Federal Farm Board

1929

St. Valentine's Day Massacre

February 14 1929

-7 unarmed members of an opposing gang are murdered; Al Capone's men are never convicted

Hawley-Smoot tariff

1930

More foreigners leave the US than come in

1931

-For the first time in US history

Japan invades Manchuria

1931

Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) Established

1931

Norris-La Guardia Anti-Injunction Act

1932

Al Capone imprisioned

1932

-Finally caught for income tax evasion; serves most of 11 years before being released with a terrible case syphilis.

"Bonus Army" Dispersed from Washington DC

1932

Roosevelt defeats Hoover for Presidency

1932

Lindbergh's son kidnapped

1932

-Charles A. Lindbergh, aviator hero, loses his infant son when the child is held for ransom and then killed.

"Lindbergh Law"

1932

-A direct result of baby Lindbergh's kidnapping and murder, this law makes interstate abduction in certain circumstances a death-penalty offense.

Germany leaves the League of Nations

1933

Federal Securities Act

1933

Bank holiday

1933

Beer and Wine Revenue Act

1933

Hundred Days Congress enacts AAA, TVA, HOLC, NRA, and PWA

1933

20th Amendment- Date changed for elections and congressional sessions

1933

Glass-Steagall Banking Reform Act

1933

FDR Declares a Good Neighbor Policy towards Latin America

1933

Nazis legally come to power in Germany

1933

The Great Depression

1933

FDR ruins the London Economic Conference

1933

Emergency Banking Relief Act

1933

US officially recognizes the Soviet Union (USSR) as a country

1933

Hitler becomes the German Chancellor

1933

21st Amendment- repeals prohibition

1933

CWA established

1933

Gold Reserve Act

1934

Tydings-McDuffie Act provides for Philippine Independence by 1946

1934 - July 1946

Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act

1934

US Marines vacate Haiti

1934

Frazier-Lemke Farm Bankruptcy Act

1934

FHA Established

1934

Mao's long march into Northern China begins

1934

Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act

1934

Indian Reorganization Act

1934

Securities and Exchange Commission Authorized

1934

Securities and Exchange Commission Authorized

1934

Resettlement Administration

1935

Japan leaves the League of Nations

1935

Mussolini invades Ethiopia

1935

CIO Organized

1935

Schecter "Sick Chicken" Case

1935

Wagner Act

1935

WPA Established

1935

Social Security Act

1935

US Neutrality Act of 1935

1935

Public Utility Holding Company Act

1935

Nuremberg Laws implemented against Jews

1935

US Neutrality Act of 1936

1936

Roosevelt defeats Landon for presidency

1936

Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act

1936

World War II

may 1936

Roosevelt announces "Court-Packing" Plan

1937

Roosevelt's one major failure- the people of the US were extremely disturbed by this apparent attempt to seize more power.

Neutrality Act of 1937

1937

USHA Established

1937

Second AAA

1938

Fair Labor Standards Act

1938

Hatch Act

1939

Hatch Act

1939

Reorganization Act

1939

Germany declares war on the United States

1941

Randolph plans black march on Washington

1941

A threat created by black leader A. Philip Randolph (head of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters), the Negro March on Washington was intended to demand equal job and armed forces opportunities for African Americans. Roosevelt issued an executive order preventing discrimination in defense industries as a result.

Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) established

1941

World War II

1941 - 1945

Roosevelt delivers "Four Freedoms" speech

1941

United States declares war on Japan

1941

Japan conquers the Philippines

1942

Battle of Midway

1942

US invades North Africa

1942

Japanese Americans sent to internment camps (Executive Order No. 9066)

1942 - 1988

-Some terrible bullshit
-Ended with the government agreeing to pay $20,000 reparations to all camp survivors in 1988

Battle of the Coral Sea

1942

Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded

1942

Advocated for nonviolent "direct action" for racial equality.

The Bracero program

1942 - 1965

A program that, through an agreement between the Mexican and US governments, brought thousands of Mexican workers to the US to harvest fruit and grain crops in the West. It continued for 20 years after the war ended.

Japanese driven from Guadalcanal

1943

Tehran conference

1943

Smith-Connally Anti-Strike Act

1943

Race riot in Detroit

1943

"Zoot-suit" riots in Los Angeles

1943

Allies hold Casablanca conference

1943

Battle of the Bulge

1944 - 1945

Battle of the Marianas

1944

Mechanical cotton picker introduced

1944

Just as major as Eli Whitney's cotton gin; did the work of 50 people at 1/8th the cost. The Southern need for cheap labor evaporated as a result.

D-Day invasion of France

1944

Korematsu v. US

1944

In which the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of Japanese internment in one of its less that fabulous judgements

Roosevelt defeats Dewey for presidency

1944

Germany surrenders

1945

Roosevelt dies; Truman assumes presidency

1945

Potsdam conference

1945

Battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa

1945

Yalta conference

1945

Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

1945

Japan surrenders

1945

Books and Other Publications

Henry Adams privately publishes the Education of Henry Adams

1907

Fitzgerald publishes This Side of Paradise

1920

Lewis publishes Main Street

1920

Eliot publishes The Waste Land

1922

Lewis publishes Babbitt

1922

Fitzgerald publishes The Great Gatsby

1925

Hughes publishes The Weary Blues

1926

Faulkner publishes The Sound and the Fury

1929

Hemingway publishes A Farewell To Arms

1929

Presidents

Laws, Acts, Tariffs, Amendments, Decisions, etc

Disputes, Treaties, and Foreign and Civil Affairs

Headliners- Scandals, Events, and Changes

Inventions, Technologies, and Industries

Organizations