EngLit - Renaissance (Copy)

Context: rest of the world

Petrarch

1304 - 1374

Italian poet, "Father of Humanism", famous for his sonnets

Fall of Constantinople

1453

Constantinople fell to the Ottomans (Turks)
Scholars from the city fled to Italy, bringing knowledge and texts. This influenced the birth of the Renaissance.

Columbus 'discovers' America: age of explorers and imperialism

1492

Netherlands: 80 Years' War

1568 - 1648

Slave trade starts

1619

Important Texts

Wyatt: Songs and Sonnets

1557

Posthumous publication of Wyatt's poems and others

Sidney: Astrophil and Stella

1591

Posthumous publication

Spenser: Amoretti

1595

Sonnets, written in the 1590s

Shakespeare: Henry V

1599

Written in 1599

Marlowe: Doctor Faustus

1604

Two publicized versions:
A text in 1604, B text in 1616

Shakespeare: Sonnets

1609

Published without the author's consent

Shakespeare: The Tempest

1611

Written in 1611

Shakespeare: First Folio

1623

Most important posthumous publication of Shakespeare's work

Donne: Poems

1633

Posthumous publication
Many poems had been published during Donne's lifetime

Important Writers

Sir Thomas Wyatt

1503 - 1542

Edmund Spenser

1552 - 1599

Sir Philip Sidney

1554 - 1586

Chrisopher Marlowe

1564 - 1593

William Shakespeare

1564 - 1616

Ben Jonson

1572 - 1637

John Donne

1572 - 1631

John Milton

1608 - 1674

Religion in England

Roman Catholicism

500 - 1534

Martin Luther's Wittenberg Theses

1517

Beginning of the Reformation

Catholic Church of England

1534 - 1547

Henry 8 becomes head of the English Church

1534

I'll start my own religion
With blackjack and divorce

Protestant Church of England

1547 - 1553

Roman Catholicism

1553 - 1558

The pope was seen as head of the church again
Persecution of Protestants under 'Bloody' Mary

Protestant Church of England

1558 - 2000

Moderately Protestant
Elizabeth shuns both Catholics and extremist Protestants (Puritans)

Reigning English Monarch

Henry 4

1399 - 1413

House of Lancaster

Henry 5

1413 - 1422

House of Lancaster

Henry 6

1422 - 1461

House of Lancaster

Wars of the Roses

1455 - 1485

Conflict between the Houses of York (white rose) and Lancaster (red rose)

Edward 4

1461 - 1483

House of York
From 1470-71, he briefly lost his throne
His successor, Edward 5, reigned only for a few months

Richard 3

1483 - 1485

House of York

Henry 7

1485 - 1509

Beginning of the Tudor dynasty

Henry 8

1509 - 1547

total pimp

Edward 6

1547 - 1553

'Bloody' Mary

1553 - 1558

Married to Philip II, who would later launch the Armada against Elizabeth I

Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

Mary, Queen of Scots, beheaded

1587

Mary's letters revealed her plot to kill Elizabeth I

Defeat of the Spanish Armada

1588

The 'Invincible' Spanish fleet, sent by the Catholic Philip II, was defeated

James I

1603 - 1625

First Stuart king of England
Also king of Scots