Prynne, Bastwick and Burton Imprisoned for anti-Bishop Pamphlets
Branded, Mutilated and Imprisoned
Riots in Edinburgh due to Introduction of English Prayer Book
23 July 1637
Riots in St. Giles Cathedral when a Bishop attempted to use it in a service
Trial of John Hampden for refusing to pay Ship Money
One of the 5 MP's
Scottish National Covenant
Charles responded to this by withdrawing the Prayer Book.
Charles decides to send English Army to Scotland
Scottish Assembly abolishes Episcopal Church Government in Scotland
First Anglo-Scottish Bishops War
January 1639 - June 1639
Ended by PACIFICATION OF BERWICK
Strafford returned to England - Advises Charles to recall Parliament
April 1640 - May 1640
New Ecclesiastical Canons issued by Laud, and placed the blame for the recent religious changed onto the shoulders of the King's Puritan critics.
Assembly of Peers advises the King to recall Parliament
Battle of Newburn
SCOTS DEFEATED THE ENGLISH
Scots Army captures Newcastle
Cutting of London's Coal supplies
Second Anglo-Scottish Bishops War
August 1640 - October 1640
Ended by TREATY OF RIPON - Recall of the English Parliament
November 1640 - August 1642
Actually ended in MARCH 1660
Charles must recall Parliament EVERY THREE YEARS
Trial of Earl of Strafford
March 1641 - April 1641
Prosecution of Strafford fails to prove its case
Group of Officers had been plotting, with the King's support to bring the army south from York, free Strafford from the Tower and dissolve Parliament by force.
On the 3rd May the King sent 100 soldiers to take the Tower, BUT FAILED.
Act Preventing dissolution of Parliament without it's consent
Bishops Exclusion Bill
Strafford Executed by Attainder
BILL OF ATTAINER simply declared Strafford guilty of Treason
House of Lords rejected Bishops Exclusion Bill
Tonnage and Poundage Act
22 June 1641
Customs duties not to be charged without Parliament's consent
Act for Abolition of Courts of Star Chamber & High Comission
5 July 1641
Abolished the King's prerogative courts
Charles visited Scotland
"Event that precipitated the division of Parties".
Limitation of Forests Act
7 August 1641
Limited the boundaries of forests to those that had existed in 1623
Ship Money Act
7 August 1641
Abolished all forms of Ship Money, including occasional charges on coastal counties and ports
Act Prohibiting the Distraint of Knighthood
10 August 1641
Made the distraint of Knighthood fines illegal.
Claimed the roots of problems lay in a conspiracy of evil advisers, Catholics, and courtiers who had cut the King off from his people.
Stressed how much reform had been achieved by the Long Parliament, and claimed that any limitations were because of the remaining Bishops and Papists.
Resolved to take away the power of the Bishops and urged the King to employ councillors that the Long Parliament could work with.
Only passed very narrowly with 159 IN FAVOUR & 148 AGAINST!
Attempted arrest of the 5 MP's
4 January 1642
Speaker of the House "I have neither eyes to see, nor tongue to speak, except as the house shall direct me".
Charles abandoned London for the North of England
4 January 1642
Following attempted arrest of 5 MP's
King signed Act excluding Bishops from the House of Lords
Queen left England to seek Foreign assistance
Parliament had control over the only trained military group in the country.
Issued by Parliament without King's consent --> ATTACK ON THE KING'S RP!
Sir John Hotham refused to surrender the Royal Arsenal at Hull to the King
Commissions of Array - Issued by the King
In response to the Militia Ordinance.
These went out to all county militia and members were ordered to assemble and place themselves under the command of the King OR the command of Parliament.
THE MILITIA CAPTAINS HAD TO CHOOSE.
- Parliament to appoint Privy Councillors
- Parliament to control the education of the King's Children
- Anti Catholic laws to be strictly enforced
- Catholic peers to be excluded from the House of Lords
- The King to approve the Militia Ordinance
- Parliament to approve the marriages of the King's children
Parliament appoints a Committee of Safety
This was to conduct Military Operations
Parliament voted to raise an Army (Resolution raising an Army)
12 July 1642
Placed Army under the control of the Earl of Essex.
Attempted to place blame squarely at the King's feet.
The resolution called on the King to enter into a "god accord with Parliament to avoid a Civil War".
Charles raised his Standard at Nottingham
22 August 1642
OFFICIAL START OF THE CIVIL WAR!!
Called into existence a Royal Army that he could use to defend his throne.