The Coming of the Civil War

Main

Prynne, Bastwick and Burton Imprisoned for anti-Bishop Pamphlets

June 1637

Branded, Mutilated and Imprisoned

Riots in Edinburgh due to Introduction of English Prayer Book

23 July 1637

Riots in St. Giles Cathedral when a Bishop attempted to use it in a service

Trial of John Hampden for refusing to pay Ship Money

November 1637

One of the 5 MP's

Scottish National Covenant

February 1638

Charles responded to this by withdrawing the Prayer Book.

Scottish Assembly abolishes Episcopal Church Government in Scotland

November 1638

Charles decides to send English Army to Scotland

November 1638

First Anglo-Scottish Bishops War

January 1639 - June 1639

Ended by PACIFICATION OF BERWICK

Strafford returned to England - Advises Charles to recall Parliament

September 1639

Short Parliament

April 1640 - May 1640

New Ecclesiastical Canons issued by Laud, and placed the blame for the recent religious changed onto the shoulders of the King's Puritan critics.

Battle of Newburn

August 1640

SCOTS DEFEATED THE ENGLISH

Scots Army captures Newcastle

August 1640

Cutting of London's Coal supplies

Second Anglo-Scottish Bishops War

August 1640 - October 1640

Ended by TREATY OF RIPON - Recall of the English Parliament

Assembly of Peers advises the King to recall Parliament

August 1640

Long Parliament

November 1640 - August 1642

Actually ended in MARCH 1660

Triennial Act

February 1641

Charles must recall Parliament EVERY THREE YEARS

Trial of Earl of Strafford

March 1641 - April 1641

Prosecution of Strafford fails to prove its case

Army Plot

April 1641
  • Group of Officers had been plotting, with the King's support to bring the army south from York, free Strafford from the Tower and dissolve Parliament by force.

  • On the 3rd May the King sent 100 soldiers to take the Tower, BUT FAILED.

Act Preventing dissolution of Parliament without it's consent

May 1641

Strafford Executed by Attainder

May 1641

BILL OF ATTAINER simply declared Strafford guilty of Treason

Bishops Exclusion Bill

May 1641

House of Lords rejected Bishops Exclusion Bill

June 1641

Tonnage and Poundage Act

22 June 1641

Customs duties not to be charged without Parliament's consent

Act for Abolition of Courts of Star Chamber & High Comission

5 July 1641

Abolished the King's prerogative courts

Charles visited Scotland

August 1641

Irish Rebellion

August 1641

"Event that precipitated the division of Parties".

Ship Money Act

7 August 1641

Abolished all forms of Ship Money, including occasional charges on coastal counties and ports

Limitation of Forests Act

7 August 1641

Limited the boundaries of forests to those that had existed in 1623

Act Prohibiting the Distraint of Knighthood

10 August 1641

Made the distraint of Knighthood fines illegal.

Grand Remonstrance

October 1641
  1. Claimed the roots of problems lay in a conspiracy of evil advisers, Catholics, and courtiers who had cut the King off from his people.
  2. Stressed how much reform had been achieved by the Long Parliament, and claimed that any limitations were because of the remaining Bishops and Papists.
  3. Resolved to take away the power of the Bishops and urged the King to employ councillors that the Long Parliament could work with.
  • Only passed very narrowly with 159 IN FAVOUR & 148 AGAINST!

Attempted arrest of the 5 MP's

4 January 1642
  1. Pym
  2. Holles
  3. Hampden
  4. Hasselrigg
  5. Strode

Speaker of the House "I have neither eyes to see, nor tongue to speak, except as the house shall direct me".

Charles abandoned London for the North of England

4 January 1642

Following attempted arrest of 5 MP's

Queen left England to seek Foreign assistance

February 1642

King signed Act excluding Bishops from the House of Lords

February 1642

Militia Ordinance

March 1642
  • Parliament had control over the only trained military group in the country.
  • Issued by Parliament without King's consent --> ATTACK ON THE KING'S RP!

Sir John Hotham refused to surrender the Royal Arsenal at Hull to the King

April 1642

Nineteen Propositions

June 1642

Terms Included:
- Parliament to appoint Privy Councillors
- Parliament to control the education of the King's Children
- Anti Catholic laws to be strictly enforced
- Catholic peers to be excluded from the House of Lords
- The King to approve the Militia Ordinance
- Parliament to approve the marriages of the King's children

Commissions of Array - Issued by the King

June 1642
  • In response to the Militia Ordinance.
  • These went out to all county militia and members were ordered to assemble and place themselves under the command of the King OR the command of Parliament.
  • THE MILITIA CAPTAINS HAD TO CHOOSE.

Parliament appoints a Committee of Safety

July 1642

This was to conduct Military Operations

Parliament voted to raise an Army (Resolution raising an Army)

12 July 1642
  • Placed Army under the control of the Earl of Essex.
  • Attempted to place blame squarely at the King's feet.
  • The resolution called on the King to enter into a "god accord with Parliament to avoid a Civil War".

Charles raised his Standard at Nottingham

22 August 1642

OFFICIAL START OF THE CIVIL WAR!!

  • Called into existence a Royal Army that he could use to defend his throne.