The French people were confused and scared. The German blitzkrieg (a fast moving army that quickly overwhelms its enemy) was overtaking the French army. As the Germans swept through France, they left a path of blood, death, and destruction.
The German troops captured the French capital, Paris, on June 14, 1940. The world was shocked at this because Germany had defeated the most powerful armies world in only 9 days. The French government left the city in fear. The leader of the French government, Paul Reynaud, wanted to continue to fight the Germans. Unfortunately, his cabinet and generals thought the battle was over. Reynaud resigned, and a new French government agreed to a truce with Germany on June 22, only 12 days after the fighting started.
The alliance let Germany occupy the northern 2/3 of France, while the south was still left in the control of the new French government. The city of Vichy became the capital of unoccupied France. The head of the new French government, Marshal Henri Petain, was very cooperative with the Germans. From now on the French would have to get used to living the German way with Hitler in charge.