When the Nabataeans inhabited present day Jordan. Today, Petra, though created after The Nabataean Empire had been annexed by the Roman Empire, stands as a reminder of the Nabataen's presence in Jordan.
In search of a shorter route to India, Henry Hudson "discovered" the what is now Hudson Bay, the water surrounding Manhattan. This marks the beginning of European settlement in the New York area.
According to legend, Peter Minuit, an appointed official, purchased the island of Manhattan for a whooping $24.
William Penn founded Philadelphia.
Thomas Holmes mapped the first layout of Philadephia. It was planned in a gridiron format.
Two french explorers establish a trading post on the Detroit river, this is the city of Detroit in its absolute earliest form.
Benjamin Franklin and Dr. Thomas Bond founded this hospital. It still stands on 9th and Spruce St and is where I was born.
After the defeat of the French at Quebec, Fort Pontchartrain du Detroit is handed over to British control.
The first congress meeting was held in Philadelphia, in Carpenter's Hall, which is located on 3rd and Chestnut.
When the colonies declared their independece from Great Britain, John Hancock, Thomas Jefferson (who wrote the acutal document), Benjamen Franklen and John Adams were among those who signed this declaration in Independence Hall, on 5th and Market St. in Philadephia.
The signing of the Declaration of Independence is often associated with the date the United States "formed".
This naval yard began around the same time that the United States was founded. It served many purposes over the years, one of it's most useful being that it made lots of battleships for the second world war.
Much like Columbus "discovered" America, Captain James Cook, an Englishman serving in the British navy, "discovered" Hawaii. He found natives living there, who had truly discovered Hawaii centuries before. This began the connection to the Western World that created the Hawaii we have now.
In 1789, just one year after the Constitution was ratified, George Washington was inaugurated in NYC.
Philadelphia was deemed temporary capital of the United States
George Vancouver was the first European to visit the Seattle area during his expedition to chart the Pacific Northwest.
The people of the Hawaiian Islands had been divided into ahupua`as, or regions created by the natural boundaries of the sides of valleys, which were ruled by chiefs and operated independently from one another. King Kamehameha I brought all the islands into a unified kingdom, thus fundamentally altering the social, political, and economic structure of Hawaii.
By moving the center of government to Honolulu, King Kamehameha brought the center of Hawaiian society to Honolulu. He chose it because it had the best available port. His selection paved the way for the development and growth of Honolulu into what it is today.
Following the signing of the Jay Treaty (giving the United States control of Michigan and Detroit), Michigan officially becomes a territory in 1805 with Detroit designated as the seat of government.
With the arrival of Protestant missionaries, intent on converting the "heathen natives," western culture became a large part of life on the islands, especially in Honolulu. 21 years later, they established a school to educate their children, Punahou School, which exists to this day!
After Portland was claimed and sold to Francis Pettygrove from Maine, he and Lovejoy survey the land deciding to build a city. Disagreeing on what to name it, the have a coin toss to see whose birthplace it will be named after. Pettygrove won being named after his hometown Portland, Maine.
Desiring to move the state capitol away from hostile territory, the government moves the capitol of Michigan to the much smaller town of Lansing.
John C. Holgate was one of the first settlers in the Seattle area and formed a farming community in a neighborhood which is now called Georgetown.
In 1851 the first white settlers came to the area known today as Seattle.
Arthur A. Denny started a community in the Elliot Bay area which is in downtown Seattle.
The first explorer to meet Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest was Captain George Vancouver. After this encounter in 1792, fur trade routes were established throughout the Puget Sound area, bringing settlers to the Oregon Territory. Because of conflict over native land, the Tulalip Reservation was established in 1855 north of Everett for the Tulalip Tribes. This reservation is still one of the only two Indian Reservations in WA state.
Relations with the local Native Americans were rocky, the attack was the culmination of the Puget-Sound War and only two settlers died, while twenty Native Americans did.
In 1857, Calvert Vox and Frederick Law Olmstead began construction on Central Park. Today, it serves as an oasis in Manhattan for people from all walks of life. In Manhattan, it is the origin for all things west and east.
Fairmount park encompasses 9,200 acres and a bunch of different neighborhoods. It was originally used to protect Philadelphia's water supply. It is one of the United States largest City owned parks.
Seattle has been greatly influenced by its university. The university is one of the center pieces of culture in Seattle. College students constantly bring new ideas and new information and culture to Seattle.
The city of Bellevue was founded by William Meydenbauer in 1869. Before 1940, it was just a small rural area with little development.
The coal route traveling from Seattle to Newcastle (the coal mine by my house) is open. This becomes the first railroad in Western Washington.
It is a big landmark in Philly, and it was also the United State's first zoo. It has a big hot air balloon that you can go up in and see the whole city.
In 1884, the Great Northern Railway made it's way to Seattle.
In the late 19th century, the areas around the original boundaries of Philadelphia were used by immigrants, many of which were Italian. Antonio Palumbo had a boarding house on 9th street, and outdoor stalls and some stores opened up to accomodate their needs.
In 1886, just 10 years after the 100th anniversary of America's declaration of independence, France presented America with the Statue of Liberty. Though less relevant today, she was for many years the first glimpse of America for immigrants arriving by boat.
Portland’s first electric streetcar took to the rails in 1889 and it carried passengers across the Steel Bridge to the town of Albina. To me the streetcar in Portland is significant because it signifies the pretty awesome public transportation in much of Portland. Streetcars are still a functioning part of the city; in 2001 the new streetcar began becoming the country's 1st modern streetcar system!
The fire started from a glue pot, but ended up spreading through 29 city blocks, burning everything in its path. Afterwards a zoning code was established, resulting in only brick and stone downtown buildings.
Previously a part of the Oregon Territory, Washington is finally its own state!
Robert W. Wilcox, part Hawaiian, led 150 armed insurgents in a revolt against King Kalākaua and took over the grounds of ‘Iolani Palace since they opposed the reforms instituted in 1887 and wanted the king to establish a new constitution. This set the stage for the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy a few years later.
In 1893, the Great Northern Railroad came to Everett, WA. This was a big deal because the railroad now connected Everett to Seattle and allowed for a mining and milling industry in Everett.
On January 16, troops from the U.S.S. Boston marched to the building across from ~Iolani Palace while mostly rich, white men, the plantation-owning sons of missionaries, met to create plans for a Provisional Government in their newly formed Committee of Public Safety. On January 17, Queen Lili`uokalani requested assistance from U.S. Minister to Hawaii John Stevens, but he declined. At 2:30 that afternoon, the Provisional Government, formed by members on the Committee of Public Safety, proclaimed martial law and a new government. On February 1, Stevens raised the US flag over the Hawaiian Islands.
By signing a formal abdication, Lili`uokalani recognized the Republic of Hawaii, the government of the Committee of Public Safety and ended the Hawaiian monarchy forever.
Seattle became the supply point and main stop for miners headed up to Alaska in the gold rush, resulting in an economic boom in Seattle ending the depression at the time.
In 1898, all five boroughs that make up New York (Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, Bronx, Staten Island) were consolidated into Greater New York.
Hawaii officially joined the United States as a territory and Sanford B. Dole, a member of the Committee on Public Safety, became its first governor.
Henry Ford establishes his first automotive factory in the district of Highland Park. This sets the stage for the foundation of Detroit's economy throughout the 20th century.
In 1901, Carl Wallin and John Nordstrom opened their first shoe repair shop. Both parties ended up retiring and selling his stocks shares to the two Nordstrom sons. It was later renamed Nordstroms, and eventually became one of the largest chain department stores in the United States.
The Everett Herald is our daily newspaper owned by the Washington Post Company. It serves the entire Snohomish County and prints about 50,000 papers a day. We don't really have any other major journals besides the Seattle Times, so most people in the Everett area read the Herald.
James Drummond Dole established the Hawaiian Pineapple Company, which would reap its first harvest two years later. Pineapple comprised a large part of Hawaii's agricultural industry, and a large part of its economy as a whole.
In 1904, the first subway line opened in New York. It connected lower Manhattan (Wall Street and what was a shipping district) to the upper west side of Manhattan.
While Providence Hospital was originally founded at the beginning of the 19th century in Quebec, Montreal, in 1905 the Sisters of Providence purchased the Monte Cristo Hotel in Everett to turn it into a hospital. 90 years and many expansions later, Providence Everett Medical Center joined with Everett's General Hospital to become the joined Providence General Medical Center (today known as Providence Regional Medical Center Everett). The hospital is privately run, non-taxing, and not-for-profit, but it provides millions of dollars in free care each year to patients in need. In this way, the hospital still follows its mission originally set by the Sisters of Providence.
This pretentious-sounding society would later change its name to the Art Institute of Seattle, whose president would eventually open a museum: The Seattle Art Museum (SAM).
The Rose Festival is a great tradition in Portland. After a floral parade in 1904, Portland became known as the city of roses, and the annual festival started in 1907. Today the festival is still going strong, marked by a parade with lots of music and beautiful floats made almost entirely of roses!
The rose festival was started to celebrate the success of the Lewis and Clark expedition in 1905 and the city's first floral parade in 1904. It still includes, to this day, horses, horse drawn floats, and many roses to celebrate the city of roses.
On this date Pike place market opened, and is still open today. It is a local market that has many small shops and is one of the must see sites if you ever visit Seattle.
The Urban League of Portland is part of the National Urban League, empowering African Americans to enter the economic and social main stream. Today, the league helps people achieve equality in education, employment and economic security through direct services, outreach and advocacy.
Peninsula park in NE Portland is Portland's first and oldest rose garden
Boeing still exists today as one of the leading airplane manufacturers worldwide, and the company has always brought pride to both this city and this state.
After WWI, the middle east was divided and put in French and British control. Transjordan, present day Jordan, was created and put under british mandate.
During a depression in Everett, a lot of labor unions and organizations (including the IWW) decided to support a 5-month strike in Everett. Because business owners beat the strikers and ran them out of town, 300 members of the IWW (aka "Wobblies") from Seattle marched to Everett on November 5 to support the cause. The "Everett Massacre" occurred when a Snohomish County sheriff fired a gun to stop the "anarchists," and all hell broke loose. They're not sure how many IWW members were killed, but up to 12 may have been shot.
The Kimberly-Clark Co. was founded as a paper mill and opened a location in Everett in 1918. It has greatly expanded over the years. The mill produced a lot of cell-cotton (cotton substitute) during WWI, as well as the first disposable handkerchiefs (Kleenex) and first disposable sanitary napkins (Kotex). Today, the mill has a huge presence in Everett (over 850 employees), which is a problem because it may have to close by the end of the year as a result of the financial crisis.
Seattle houses the first general strike of the nation; over 60,000 workers stayed home. This strike lasted until Feb. 11th, 1919
During the 1920's, Seattle became quite a center for the arts. The collections of the Frye Art Museum and Henry Art Gallery were put on public display, and many artists established themselves here.
In 1926 Oregon repealed it's exclusion law that previously kept Blacks out of Portland & Oregon as a whole.
In 1931, the Empire State Building became the world's tallest building; it would retain that title until the construction of the World Trade Towers in 1971.
Paine Field was originally constructed as a Works Progress project. It was originally planned to become one of the ten biggest airports in the country and create lots of jobs and economic growth in the area. However, this never happened. The Snohomish County Airport on Paine Field was instead used for the Army Air Corps during WWII and is today used primarily by Boeing.
This was the opening of the Lake Washington Floating Bridge. Currently, it is a section of I-90, bridging the water between Mercer Island and Seattle. It is also the second longest floating bridge in the world at 6,620 ft.
For its great contributions to the war effort, Detroit gains the nickname the "Arsenal of Democracy". Fort Wayne is the largest producer of motor vehicles and parts in the world.
With the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the port used by the United States military on Oahu, by the Japanese, the United States became involved in the Second World War. It still functions as a home to many military installations today. A memorial there pays tribute to those who died in the attack, including many whose bodies remain in the wreckage.
After the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States federal government imposed martial law on the Hawaiian Islands, making the territory the only state or territory in the United States ever forced to operate under martial law. Many Japanese were arrested and interned under suspicion of espionage or sabotage, many of whom had lived in America for a long time and some of whom had been born in the country and had weak, if any, direct ties to Japan.
World War two had an enormous effect on Seattle. Seattle's ship building industry boomed and it produced about 1/5 of all of the American warships during the war.
More than 12,000 citizens of Japanese ancestry from King County were ordered to evacuate Seattle. They were moved inland to relocation centers during WWII.
The british mandate of Transjordan comes to an end, officially making Jordan the Independent Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan.
As the city of Bellevue continues to grow (through the new bridges and paths into the city), it built Bellevue Square Mall. This mall, originally called Bellevue Shopping Square, underwent large renovations in the 1980s.
The mass Palestinian exodus following the 1948 Arab-Israeli war in which Israel gained control of Palestine. Over 700,000 Palestinians were displaced as a result of the war, many of whom fled to Jordan and other Arab countries.
Vanport city rested on lowlands close to the river. On Memorial day at 4:17pm the dike burst sending a 10-foot wall of water into the area. Many people moved their stuff to higher ground the night before when the city gave warning to a flood. only 15 people died, but the people left moved up Denver Avenue and crossed the bridge to higher ground. I learned my grandparents were apart of the group.
Detroit, at a population of 1.58 million residents, reaches its peak. It is the fifth largest city in the United States at this time.
Northgate Mall is a local shopping mall that was recently revamped with a huge theater, and a few other nice stores, including the two awesome restaurants, Five Guys and Chipotle. Ever since then, I have frequented the area.
In 1951, Oregon repealed it's law prohibiting interracial marriage.
In 1951, NYC was voted to be the UN's chief headquarters. Although the building in international territory, many national and state laws still apply. Interestingly, UN delegates are exempt from paying parking tickets; some estimate the NYC has lost 17.4 million dollars to these tickets.
Robert G. Ford became the first African American teacher to teach in the Portland District. He taught social studies and English at Roosevelt High School.
In 1950, Oregon was only major city in the northern US without some form of civil rights legislation!!!!!
In February of that year, the Portland City Council unanimously passed an ordinance that would fine business owners $500 for refusing to serve African Americans, but an ordinance for a revote was petition, and opponents won. Business owners were still be permitted to discriminate against customers. African Americans in Portland finally gained legal protection in 1953 when Oregon's Public Accommodation Law banned discrimination in businesses around the state.
Boeing is one of the very large manufacturing companies in Seattle in 1957 its first hit plane, the 707, built in Seattle, launched. This was a very important step as Boeing has shaped what Seattle is today. For the last 40 years Boeing has manufactured jets in Seattle and provided many manufacturing jobs and stimulus to the local economy. This plane provided the platform for Boeing to be the largest producer of commercial jets in the world for many years.
One of our many bridges was open on this day for Multnomah County for $12.9 million
Hawaii joined the United States as the 50th state after having been an annexed territory for decades. Hawaii, and Honolulu, its capital, then became even more important in terms of social, political, and economic matters in the Pacific and in America as a whole.
A large indoor arena opened on this day. It is home to the Portland Trail Blazers, the Winterhawks, and hosts many events such as the Dew Tour. The building was approved with an $8 million bond.
The 1962 worlds fair was held in Seattle. This fair caused the construction of the Space needle, a weird, futuristic building fitting in with the theme of the fair officially named the "Century 21 Exposition", and it caused the construction of the monorail, an elevated train that weaves its way through Seattle.
In 1963 the worlds longest floating bridge opens across Lake Washington, the lake that, with the ocean, encloses Seattle on two sides.
The Everett Boeing factory was built in 1966 and is the largest building by square footage in the world. In the same year, Boeing announced it would build the 747, a plane that could carry twice as many passengers as any other model. Boeing is currently the largest employer in Everett and attracts thousands of visitors for tours every year.
In 1966 the Seattle SuperSonics came to Seattle, and a great NBA dynasty began.
The war that resulted in Israel's control of the Gaza Strip, the Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights. Both the West Bank and East Jerusalem were territorial losses to Jordan. The war also brought an estimated 300,000 more Palestinian refugees to Jordan.
The '67 Riots erupted in the early hours of July 23rd 1967 following the unannounced police raid of a blind pig on 12th Street. It went on to be one of the deadliest and most destructive race riots in American History, "bested" only by the '92 L.A riots. 29th is selected as the end date for marking the complete removal of Army troops, which Lyndon B Johnson sent in on the 25th.
A dark month in Jordan's history in which King Hussein, in an attempt to restore power as a ruler, cracked down on the Palestinian Liberation Organization in Jordan.Thousands of individuals, mainly Palestinians, died as a result of this conflict.
Portland's city hall bell was bombed this day. It was a replica of the liberty bell. A dynamite enfueled bomb exploded under the portico causing $170,000 in damage. No one was hurt or killed, but a lot of the building was destroyed. A new bell was bought for $8 million. No one was ever arrested or claimed responsibility for the bombing.
As far as business goes, Nike has been a big part of Portland as a city. As an extremely successful international corporation, having Nike's origins and headquarters in Oregon has brought a lot of attention and money to our economy.
This is the forerunner of a popular annual local music event: Bumbershoot. Local and popular artists come together every year at the Seattle Center to perform and enjoy music with the entire city.
Starbucks, the global company opens its first cafe in seattle.
DB cooper was a man who some how amazingly managed to collect and keep a large ransom of 200,000 dollars and has never been found. by hijacking and ransoming, then jumping out of a plane.
This was a big step in Portland's land use planning. The bill that passed required that every Oregon city and county prepare a comprehensive plan that agreed with an agreed upon set of goals. The purpose was to preserve the highest-quality agricultural lands and forests and open space. It also aimed to develop high-quality cities by increasing density, improving public transportation, and encouraging affordable housing close to jobs. Yay Portland!
Coleman Young is elected as Detroit's first African American mayor. He holds his office for almost twenty years.
Charles Jordan was the first African American commisoner to be elected. He was elected a full term in May
The Kingdome was home to most of Seattle's professional athletic teams for some amount of time, including the Sounders, the Mariners, the Seahawks, and the SuperSonics. All of these teams represent(ed) a lot to our city, and it was a sad day when the stadium was demolished.
The Blazers were only founded 7 years before this. They played against the Philadelphia 76ers and lost the first 2 games 2-0 then made an amazing comeback to win the next four games and win the championship.
In 1978 The company called Micro-soft moved from Albuquerque to Seattle. It has brought and maintained wealth and jobs in the Seattle area.
The Everett Naval Station is the most modern Naval Station in the U.S. It was built during under the Reagan administration in order to increase our naval presence in the geographic flanks of the U.S. The Naval Station is home to two destroyers, three frigates, one nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, and a Coast Guard.
Pioneer Courthouse Square is in the heart of downtown Portland, and is known as Portland's "living room". It's a city block square surrounded by an amphitheater. It is a community gathering space, and holds a lot of events throughout the year. Though it was dedicated in '84, it has been around for a lot longer. In 1858 it was a school, later is was a parking lot, later it was bought by Mier & Frank... but now it's a great public space that's a "celebration of the urban spirit in Portland"
The same year the Everett Memorial Stadium was opened, Everett got its first and only minor league baseball team. They were originally named the Everett Giants but changed their name in 1995 to the Everett Aquasox. The Memorial Stadium seats 3,682 fans and also hosts sporting events from Everett, Cascade, and Jackson High Schools.
With public transportation being very big here, the first light rail was opened on this day. The total cost of the project was $214 million. It got most of its funding from the failed attempt to build the Mt. Hood freeway
Cycle Oregon is an annual, long distance bike tour across oregon, that raises money to preserve the special places in Oregon. The reason I think this event has impacted Portland as a city is because bikes are HUGE in Portland. Some people might say the bike run the city- I think they kind of do. It's also a testament to Portland/Oregon's commitment to our beautiful environment and natural resources.
Amazon.com is an international corporation that was founded in Seattle, WA.
This event, though seemingly trivial to most, is an iconic moment in Seattle's history, one that many look back upon to remember the good old days. In fact, it is such an momentous occasion, that the local musician, Macklemore, heavily referenced it on his track, "My Oh My", where he included a short excerpt of the actual radio broadcast from when the Mariners won.
This time period was the implementation of "the largest and most comprehensive library initiative in our country's history", which created 4 entirely new libraries in areas previously lacking easy access to books, and revamped 22 others. It also introduced a shiny, new central library.
The Seattle Public Library
After the death of King Hussein, King Abdullah II, the current king of Jordan, ascended the throne.
The Experience Music Project was founded by Paul Allen and opened up in 2000. It's one of the craziest and most colorful buildings I've ever seen.
The Institute for Systems Biology (ISB) is one of the most forward thinking scientific institutions in the world, and is located in Seattle, WA in the South Lake Union district.
On the morning of September 11th, 2001, two commuter jets struck down the two tallest buildings in Manhattan, the Twin Towers. The attacks shook America to the core, but were severely traumatizing for many New Yorkers. At the time, I attended a school just three blocks away. We were forced to evacuate and wouldn't return to our school for three months.
On February 28th, 2001, the Puget Sound area experienced an earthquake of 6.8 magnitude, causing more than $1 billion worth of damage.
Three hotels in Amman were bombed on this day, killing 60 and injuring over 115. Jordan is known for it's stability, making these bombings all the more shocking.
Ultimate Frisbee is a growing sensation around the nation (and the world), but Seattle is recognized as one of the hubs for the sport. It is this fact that allowed for Five Ultimate, a company completely devoted to gearing up Ultimate players in the flyest threads available, to manifest.
The Seattle SuperSonics NBA team moves to Oklahoma City, a sad day for all true Seattleites.
Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick resigns after being charged with ten felony counts, including obstruction of justice and perjury.
In the midst of the "Arab Spring", numerous protests occurred in Amman between pro-government and pro-reform protesters. The issue remains highly controversial in Jordan.
This is when the Libyan Civil War begins (after three days of protest in the city of Benghazi). This war started out with peaceful protests against the government and has escalated into a full-scale civil war.
The Jordanian soccer team beat China 2-1 in a world cup qualifying match. This was BIG. The video of the goals was played on repeat for a solid week, even at all school meeting.