American Cultural Nations

a history of the eleven rival regional cultures of North America, based upon the book by Colin Woodard titled American Nations

El Norte

The oldest of the Euro-American nations, today this regional cultural spreads from the United States-Mexican border, encompassing south and west Texas, southern California, southern Arizona, most of New Mexico as well as the northern Mexican states where Latino language, culture,and societal norms dominate.

Expedition Arrives in New World


Europeans first arrived in the south, led by soldiers and missionaries of Spain's expanding New World empire.

Pope Grants Americas to Spanish


Pope Alexander VI considered Spain the "most Catholic" of Europe's many monarchies and granted it ownership of almost the entire Western Hemisphere even though the American mainland had yet to be discovered by Europeans.

Spanish Arrive in Yucatan Penninsula


The Spanish first arrive on the shores of Yucatán under Hernández de Córdoba, The arrival of the Spanish brings diseases to the Maya including smallpox, influenza and measles. Within a century, 90 per cent of Mesoamérica's native populations will have died.

Aztec Capital Falls to Cortes


After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Cortés' men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtemoc, the Aztec emperor.

Spanish Colonies Weaken


The effort to stamp out Europe's Protestants consumed so much of the Spanish Empire's focus, energy and resources that it was left incapable of properly supporting the northward expansion of its American Empire. Additionally, by spearheading the effort to snuff out Protestant Reformation, the Spanish earned the lasting hatred of the English, Scottish and Dutch, causing it to be deeply ingrained into other rising European Cultural nations in the New World.

New France

Founded in the early 1600s, New French culture blends the folkways of ancien regime northern French peasantry with the traditions and values of the indigenous people they encountered in northeastern North America. Multiculturalism and negotiated consensus are treasured values here.

New France is Founded


16 years before the Mayflower's voyage, a group of Frenchmen became the first group of Europeans to confront a New England winter in what is now the state of Maine


The most powerful nation during the colonial period and Early Republic and fundamentally a conservative region with a high value placed upon respect for authority and tradition over equality or public participation in politics. Early on this established a system of haves and have-nots.

Jamestown is Founded


The first Virginians proved to be incompetent settlers because they hadn't come to the New World to farm and build a new society but instead to conquer and rule like the Spanish. They had the faulty assumption that the Native Americans would be intimidated by English technology, believe their employers were gods and submit to their rule.

Tobacco Growing in Chesapeake Bay


John Rolfe successfully transplanted West Indian strains of tobacco to Chesapeake soil, transforming Virginia from a corporate military base to a booming export-oriented plantation society. This required a large influx of workers willing to labor for little or no money, so indentured servants were recruited from the masses of desperate, malnourished laborers who crowded London and other English cities.When this supply ran out and the indentured servants earned their freedom, they began importing slaves from Africa which eventually became seen as property.


By a twist of history, the dominant cultures of New England were founded by men who stood in total opposition to nearly every value that Tidewater gentry held dear. From the outset, it was a culture that put great emphasis upon education, local political control and the pursuit of the "greater good" of the community even if individual self-denial was required. Settled by stable, educated families, Yankeedom has always had a middle-class ethos and considerable respect for individual achievement.

Puritans Come to the New World


They came not to to recreate rural English life but rather to build a completely new society and applied religious utopia, a protestant theology based upon the teachings of John calvin.

New Netherland

founded by the Dutch it was multicultural from the very beginning