Social Change

1. Civil Rights 2. Gender Equality 3. Economic Equal Opportunity

Events

G.I. Bill

1944

Used to allow soldiers to access college.
Helps open up the college market to the general public.
Multiple millions of people return from the war and go to college

Executive Order 9981: The Desegregation of the Military

1948

The military is desegregated and blacks and whites are forced to serve together.
This formed the Dixie-crats who did not support the executive order.

Election of 1948

1948

Democratic Truman wins with a very slim popular vote.
Republican Dewey comes close to beating truman
States' Rights Democratic Thurmond lost

Brown vs. The Board of Education

1954

Earl warren, the chief justice gets all the judges to agree that separate but equal is unconstitutional. This causes the school laws to get changed.

Martin Luther King Jr.

1955

New preacher. Put in charge of the boycott and so becomes a leader. The boycott grows and people continue to be pushed by their achievements with MLKJ as their leader.

Rosa Parks

1955

Did not move from her seat in the front of the bus. Caused people to boycott the bus policy, people did not get on the busses. The busses became empty. Caused people to congregate in the church.

Emmett Till

1955

Emmett, a 14 year old boy is killed and a trial with witnesses is created. It is broadcast on news, and sensationalized. The case is lost and the white men are free. This creates a massive response.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955

Little Rock 9

1957

108 National Guardsmen in Arkansas were used to prevent 9 black children from going to school. 8 go together, but one goes alone and is abused by the mob. 1 white woman guides her onto the bus to be taken home safely. Eisenhower meets with the governor and meets with failure. The little rock 9 entered the school through a side door to avoid the mob. Eisenhower is pissed and sends in the paratroopers of the 101st division. The 9 were escorted into the school.

Greensboro Sit-ins

1960

Freedom Riders

1961

Other America by Michael Harrington

1962

Published a book showing the poor and the minorities of the U.S.

March on Washington

1963

Desegregation of University of Alabama

1963

Civil Rights Act

1964

A law that prevented public and workplace discrimination

Election of 1964

1964

Democrat Lyndon Johnson wins against republican goldstein. The south votes republican because of the civil rights act.

24th Amendment

1964

Federal protection of peoples rights to vote.

Voting Rights Act

1965

Selma March

1965

People peacefully marching over a bridge are beaten by a police force. This causes a call for a mixed group of people who come to protect the blacks from the people of selma.

Assassination of MLK

1968

People

Thurgood Marshall

1954

Lawyer who cases the repeal of plessey vs. Fergusson

Progress+Challenges = Turbulence

1960 - 1973

A counter culture is forming due to vietnam war
"Heeeeeyyyy Maaaaannnn"

Malcolm X

1964

Says that black people who are hit should hit back instead of staying peaceable

Notes

The Atlanta "compromise"

1895

Blacks decide to be meek while in exchange get education guaranteed.

Progressive Era R/D

1900 - 1920

Marcus Garvey, W.E.B DuBois

1915

Booker T washington dies and Marcus garvey and W.E.B DuBois pick up the slack for black rights.

The great Migration

1919

African Americans move north during WWI to factories producing munitions but were segregated by by the whites.

Conservative Era R

1920 - 1930

Progressive Era D

1930 - 1950

Gender Equality

1945

Females working in the military and in the factories wanted more rights and were given them.

Conservative Era D/R

1950 - 1960

Interstate Highways

1955

Increase car sales

Progressive Era D

1960 - 1970

Conservative Era R/D

1970 - 1980

Dissenchantment

1970 - 1980

Population does not trust the government because of the stagnant economy and the loss of the vietnam war. The end of american exceptionalism.

Conservative R

1980 - 1990

Reaganomics

1980

Returns to normalcy of the 1950's, Increase military funding

Return of Exceptionalism

1980 - 1990

Ronald Reagan pushes to return america to exceptionalism

Progressive D

1990 - 2000