Social Change

1. Civil Rights 2. Gender Equality 3. Economic Equal Opportunity


G.I. Bill


Used to allow soldiers to access college.
Helps open up the college market to the general public.
Multiple millions of people return from the war and go to college

Executive Order 9981: The Desegregation of the Military


The military is desegregated and blacks and whites are forced to serve together.
This formed the Dixie-crats who did not support the executive order.

Election of 1948


Democratic Truman wins with a very slim popular vote.
Republican Dewey comes close to beating truman
States' Rights Democratic Thurmond lost

Brown vs. The Board of Education


Earl warren, the chief justice gets all the judges to agree that separate but equal is unconstitutional. This causes the school laws to get changed.

Martin Luther King Jr.


New preacher. Put in charge of the boycott and so becomes a leader. The boycott grows and people continue to be pushed by their achievements with MLKJ as their leader.

Rosa Parks


Did not move from her seat in the front of the bus. Caused people to boycott the bus policy, people did not get on the busses. The busses became empty. Caused people to congregate in the church.

Emmett Till


Emmett, a 14 year old boy is killed and a trial with witnesses is created. It is broadcast on news, and sensationalized. The case is lost and the white men are free. This creates a massive response.

Montgomery Bus Boycott


Little Rock 9


108 National Guardsmen in Arkansas were used to prevent 9 black children from going to school. 8 go together, but one goes alone and is abused by the mob. 1 white woman guides her onto the bus to be taken home safely. Eisenhower meets with the governor and meets with failure. The little rock 9 entered the school through a side door to avoid the mob. Eisenhower is pissed and sends in the paratroopers of the 101st division. The 9 were escorted into the school.

Greensboro Sit-ins


Freedom Riders


Other America by Michael Harrington


Published a book showing the poor and the minorities of the U.S.

March on Washington


Desegregation of University of Alabama


Civil Rights Act


A law that prevented public and workplace discrimination

Election of 1964


Democrat Lyndon Johnson wins against republican goldstein. The south votes republican because of the civil rights act.

24th Amendment


Federal protection of peoples rights to vote.

Voting Rights Act


Selma March


People peacefully marching over a bridge are beaten by a police force. This causes a call for a mixed group of people who come to protect the blacks from the people of selma.

Assassination of MLK



Thurgood Marshall


Lawyer who cases the repeal of plessey vs. Fergusson

Progress+Challenges = Turbulence

1960 - 1973

A counter culture is forming due to vietnam war
"Heeeeeyyyy Maaaaannnn"

Malcolm X


Says that black people who are hit should hit back instead of staying peaceable


The Atlanta "compromise"


Blacks decide to be meek while in exchange get education guaranteed.

Progressive Era R/D

1900 - 1920

Marcus Garvey, W.E.B DuBois


Booker T washington dies and Marcus garvey and W.E.B DuBois pick up the slack for black rights.

The great Migration


African Americans move north during WWI to factories producing munitions but were segregated by by the whites.

Conservative Era R

1920 - 1930

Progressive Era D

1930 - 1950

Gender Equality


Females working in the military and in the factories wanted more rights and were given them.

Conservative Era D/R

1950 - 1960

Interstate Highways


Increase car sales

Progressive Era D

1960 - 1970

Conservative Era R/D

1970 - 1980


1970 - 1980

Population does not trust the government because of the stagnant economy and the loss of the vietnam war. The end of american exceptionalism.

Conservative R

1980 - 1990



Returns to normalcy of the 1950's, Increase military funding

Return of Exceptionalism

1980 - 1990

Ronald Reagan pushes to return america to exceptionalism

Progressive D

1990 - 2000