Pioneer1

The first Pioneer satellite.

American

Explorer 1

February 1, 1958 - May 23, 1958

This was the first united states satellite and remained in orbit until it came back into Earth's atmosphere four months later. This space craft was made to catch up with the soviets in the space race.

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The Birth of NASA

July 29, 1958

NASA was made to get ahead in the space race and out do the soviets. It's objectives were to expand the human knowledge of space, and of course, to out do the soviets. This was the organization that built all of the American spacecrafts and astronaut suits.

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Pioneer 1

October 11, 1958 - October 14,1958

The cost of this space probe was 150 million United States Dollars. This probe was also the second and most successful out of three project able space probes and was the first spacecraft launched by newly formed NASA. This probe was meant to land on the moon and then failed and came down into the pacific 3 days later. A plaque was put onto the space probe that represented us humans in case of extra terrestrial seeing it.

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Alan Shepherd

May 5, 1961

Alan was the first AMERICAN to travel into space. His mission was to launch, orbit, and come back. He came back in approximately 15 minutes. He later went onto the moon as the third moon landing, and when on the moon, it is said that he would hit golf balls into space.

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Apollo 11

July 20 1969

This was the first ever moon landing and put the United States in first place leaders in science. This mission took 195.5 hours. The first samples that were taken of moon rock were found to be 3.7 billion years old, and were igneous rock. This was the famous moon landing and was one of the great achievements of America.

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Soviet

Sputnik 1

October 4, 1957

The soviet Sputnik was the first probe to go into space and was basically the kick start to the space race and is what led to the rest of the missions and space probes to depart Earth's Atmosphere. This probe costed roughly 420000 United States Dollars.

Sputnik 2

November 3, 1957

This Soviet probe was built in less than a month, and was the first biological spacecraft. It weighed roughly one ton.

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Luna 1

January 2, 1959

This space craft was the first spacecraft that reached the distance of the moon but unfortunately missed. This was probably one of the reasons for all of America's inspiration to keep trying to go to the moon.

Luna 2

September 13, 1959

This was launched by USSR, and was the first one to land on the moon.

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Luna 3

October 4 1959

Launch location was also the USSR, and was sent to take pictures of the far side of the moon. Although it only took a few pictures, it still did some before it died, and the pictures are hard to see, and are nearly unreadable but they are still of the dark side of the moon.

Yuri Gagarian

April 12, 1961

This soviet man was the very first person in space and was the first person to orbit the earth. After this mission, he became Lt. Kernel of the Soviet air force.

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Luna 9

January 31, 1966

This spacecraft was also to take pictures of the moon, wherever it ended up being whether it be the far side of the moon or not, and then send those images back to Earth.

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