Minoan culture lasted from 2000 BC to 400 BC
Mycenean culture begins at around 2000 bc
A war fought between Myceneans and the people of Troy. War fought over Helen, the most beautiful women.
Greece Culture begins at around 2000 bc. All city-states are not united
Athens becomes a major city in ancient Greece.
Greece city-state Sparta comes to power
Sparta conquers the neighboring land of Messenia. Messenians become helots.
Messenians revolt over harsh rule of Spartans
Draco develops a legal code for all citizens called the Draconian Law
Solon rules and establishes four social classes based on wealth.
Cleisthenes makes ten groups based on where you live.
Persian War was fought between Greece and Persia. The three major battles were Marathon, Thermopylea, and Salamis. Greece ends up winning the war.
Age of good economy, the arts, trade, leader of the Delian League.
Pericles was a skillful politician, inspired speaker, and a respected general. He had three goals, better the democracy, strengthen army, make Athens more beautiful.
War is between Athens and Sparta. War is on and off. Athens has a plague. Athens defeated officially by Sparta in 404 bc.
Becomes king at age 23. Philip is from Macedonia. he wants to invade all of Greece and Persia.
Alexander is the son of Philip. He conquers Persian and most of Mesopotamia. Formed Hellenistic culture. Conquered 2 million square miles.
Romulus and Remus founded Rome
Rome overthrows Tarquin the Proud.
Roman laws carved onto tablets. Become basis for Roman Law.
Rome conquers the Italian peninsula.
3 wars between Rome and Carthage. Fought over Sicily. Second Punic War is Hannibal vs. Scipio. 3 major battles. Rome wins all of the wars.
Graccus Brothers were murdered for helping the poor.
Composed of Julius Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey
Composed of Octavian, Mark Antony, and Marcus Lepidus
Time of Roman prosperity and peace. Broken when Marcus Aurelius dies
Christianity is legalized by emperor Contantine.
Constantinople becomes the capital. named after Constantine.
Justinian comes to power. Rules with absolute power over the Church and state affairs
Mobs rebel against Justinian because of taxes. riots around the city, Government uses violent force.
A bubonic plague hits Byzantine that kills thousands.
Justinian dies after the plague.