Tomb Period: 300-600 CE of Yayoi culture, p.206
helped agriculture p.208
In Chinese, p. 207
Yamato uji claimed descent from the Sun goddess Amaterasu
officialdom, based on ability, as China
court ranks for officials
many were students, scholars, Buddhism monks p.212
with Emperor Tenchi after Prince Shotoku died in 622
Kojiki, and Nihongi (Nihon shoki)
p. 207, 209,
Emperor Kammu moved the capital from Nara to get rid of the Buddhist influences.
comments on court life
Hojo clan served as joint regents of puppet shoguns.
Fall of Heian to unification of Japan
at the end of Heian period, descendants of Fujiwara, cut off imperial family line, were given new family names Minamoto and Taira.
Minamoto rebelled in 1180 and took control, power center in Kamakura, weakened by Mongol invasion
Turned back on Kamakura for Go-Daigo in 1333, and then turned back on Go-Daigo later in 1336, and took title of shogun in 1338.
As the authority of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, the third shogun, declined, dispute over succession arose in 1467, and the war lasted for 10 years.
Vasco da Gama came to India in 1498. Since then Japan accepted the Portuguese for trade and Christianity.
Oda Nobunaga drove the last Ashikaga out of Kyotop. He died in 1582.
Toyotomi Hideyoshi 豐臣秀吉 conquered the island of Shikoku in 1585, and Tokugawa Ieyasu 德川家康 became his vassal in 1586, and he unified Japan in 1590.
Toyotomi Hideyoshi豐臣秀吉 invaded Korea in 1592 and 1597, in the hope to conquest China.
Tokugawa Ieyasu succeeded Hideyoshi and defeated other daimyo at the Battle of Sekigahara 關原之戰in 1600.
His son Tokugawa Hidetada 德川秀忠 ruled as shogun while Ieyasu remained in charge until his death in 1616.
in favor of his adult son.