Later Ren Art Midterm - Politics and Artists

From 1500 - 1550

Main

Pope Alexander VI

1492 - 1503

1494-1512 Medici expelled from Florence

1494 - 1512

French invade Italy, leading to the expulsion of the Medici and formation of New Republic

Great Council is established

1500 Leonardo returns to Florence

1500

1500 - Returns after an absence of 18 years
1502 - Enters into service of Cesare Borgia in Rome
1503 - Returns to Florence permanently

Pope Pius III

1503 - 1504

Pope Julius II

1503 - 1513

Demonstrates art's confluence between artistic and theological, as pertaining to human nature & human body

**Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel frescoes show the dignity of man as image of God and the glorification of human flesh in Christ's incarnation (body is no longer prison for the soul)

Body's beauty as a mirror to the soul's perfection**

Pope Leo X (Giovanni de' Medici)

1513 - 1521

Son of Lorenzo the Magnificent (M's foster father)

Pope Adrian VI

1522 - 1523

Pope Clement VII (Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici)

1523 - 1534

Nephew of Lorenzo the Magnificent (his father was co-ruler w/Lorenzo & was assassinated)

1527 Medici expelled from Florence

1527

1527 Sack of Rome

1527

1530 Medici return to Florence

1530

Alessandro (de' Medici) named 1st Duke of Florence

1530 - 1537

Assassinated at 25 by his nephew Lorenzino

Pope Paul III

1534 - 1549

1534 Michelangelo leaves Florence for Rome

1534

1537 Cosimo I (de' Medici) Duke of Florence

1537 - 1574

1537 - Picked to rule at 17 after Alessandro's assassination by Lorenzino
1569 - becomes Grand Duke of Tuscany

  • Bronzino & Pontormo were two of Clement's court painters
  • Painted portraits characterized by courtly grace and opulence and often bristling with complex allegories relating to power and military might

Bronzino
1537 - Portrait of Cosimo as Orpheus
oil on panel

Pontormo
1546-57 - Frescoes for choir of San Lorenzo (family chapel) in Florence (destroyed)
Studies show Genesis themes (deluge, creation of Eve, etc.)

Pope Julius III

1550 - 1555