Timeline 8000-600 BCE


Regular use of bronze in Egypt and Mesopotamia

3300 BC - 1200 BC

Bronze was an advanced Metal. It was used to make important tools, and weapons for food gathering and defense. It helps them create their civilizations.

Cuneiform writing begins

2900 BCE

Cuneiform writing was first developed by the Sumerians in the Tigris and Euphrates valley. It was the first form of writing used to record events and was based off of pictures used to represent a word or event, Cuneiform was used by taking a clay tablet and drawing in it with a sharpened reed.

Babylonian Empire

2800 BC - 1750 BCE

The Babylonian Empire is most known for Hammurabi and his book of laws. These were the first set of laws and guidelines ever written down that were followed. It is considered the most powerful and greatest empires of all time.

The Old Kingdom of Egypt

2700 BCE - 2200 BCE

Egypt’s old kingdom is responsible for pyramids and only this time period. Pharaohs were known as gods on earth and were very highly worshiped in these days. This time period is very well the beginning of the great Egypt

Height of Harrapan Civilization

2500 BCE

Harappa and the city of Mohenjo-Daro were the greatest achievements of the Indus Valley civilization. They were well known for their very organized and regular layout of the city. The People of this Civilization where very advanced.

Sargon of Akkad establishes first empire

2340 BC

Sargon conquered Sumer and lots of other little cities only to turn them into one huge empire that he over saw. It was the biggest empire until Babylon later rose later one. The empire didn’t last long due to revolt of a Sumerian city, Ur.

Hammurabi’s reign

2130 BCE - 2088 BCE

Hammurabi’s reign was a very powerful one over the Babylonia Empire. He was a very successful military leader that united many city-states into one big empire for the first time since Sargon’s empire. Hammurabi’s reign is mostly known for his code of laws that he used to govern Babylon. They were harsh but very fair, and included all aspects of how to live life, and this influenced the way people lived from then on out.

The Middle Kingdom of Egypt

2100 BCE - 1800 BCE

This time period is better known as Egypt’s Golden Age. Every aspect of their culture flourished and trade was very well off. They stopped building huge pyramids to bury pharaohs in and instead buried Pharaohs in hidden tombs that are all over Egypt and many are still unrevealed to this day.

Shang Dynasty

1600 BC - 1046 BCE

The Shang Dynasty was considered the first real civilization of the world. They were the first to keep detailed records and have a set up system of government. The environment of there location was ideal for easy trade. The Shang’s biggest exports included bronze and silk. They were one of the only civilizations to have silk and grow silk worms so this made them a powerful civilization. They were mainly ruled by a king and had a very basic social structure that depended on you or your family’s wealth.

The New Kingdom of Egypt

1500 BCE - 1000 BCE

The new kingdom of Egypt was known as its expansion period. Through numerous military campaigns Egypt became very powerful and a lot bigger. The pharaohs were also buried in the valley of kings during this period.

Hittites develop Iron

1300 BCE

When the Hittites developed iron, there power increased. They used iron for tools and weapons that made them a good threat. Their methods eventually spread all through Europe and Asia.

Olmec Civilization

1200 BC - 400 BCE

The Olmec was one of the first Mesoamerican civilizations. This civilization was a very prosperous and vibrant one that strived on intense agriculture and living off the land. Since they were across the world from other civilizations of the time there customs were very different and had their own creation of a calendar that they constructed using astronomical observations. Later Mesoamerican civilizations were influenced greatly by the Olmec in religion, customs, and art styles.

Zhou Dynasty

1045 BC - 256 BC

In the Wei River Valley the Zhou dynasty rose to replace the Shang’s. They dominated most of the Northern China region. To justify their rule and way of doing things, the Zhou created the concept of “Mandate of Heaven”. The civilization had many schools that were specialized in Taoism and Confucianism and relied a lot on bronze making. There location brought for easy trade and main income also came from farms.

Reign of Solomon

961 BCE - 922 BCE

The reign of Solomon lasted for about 40 years. During his reign as king he united the Hebrews in one place and was known for knowing all things. His reign was also characterized as a period of building, wealth and class welfare and brutality. According to many Jews, his reign was known as the golden age of Israel

Founding of Carthage

814 BCE

Carthage was a very well off civilization that was founded in northern Africa and run by the Phoenicians. This civilization was very prosperous for its time. A lot of what we know about the founding of this place is known in myth

Founding of Rome

753 BCE

A lot that we know about the founding of Rome is all Myth, but Rome did start as a city and grow to a large empire in a matter of a few years. The date for the start of Rome is believed to be 753 BCE because that is the date that two already existing cities combined to make one big city. In myth though, Rome was founded when Aeneas escaped Troy to Italy during the Trojan War and from there the story goes on. There is no real information that is reliable enough to be known as fact for the founding of Rome

Sennacherib’s reign

704 BCE - 682 BCE

Sennacherib was one of the four greatest kings of the Assyrian Empire. He was mainly known for rebuilding Nineveh and destroying Babylon. He was also known for being a ruthless destroyer and for the oracle.