High middle ages 700 A.D. to 1500 A.D.
Abu Bakr becomes first Caliphate
Muhammad emigrates from Mecca to Medina with his followers
Abu only reigned for two years
Muslims defeat of the Persians marks the end of the Sassanid empire
His assassination led to the division of Shi's and Sunni's
Progressive loss of most of Spain to the Christian Reconquest
won over rival Ummayad family who had developed the caliphate in damascus.
contributed to advances in learning in the Islamic world.
Abbasid clan based it's claim to the caliphate on the descent of Abbas, Muhammads cousin. The Abbasids agiitated the Shi'a
"One Thousand and One Nights" based off of the legendary wealth of Harun's court
and Kill the last Abbasid Caliph
Traveled thirty years continuously through out Africa, Middle East, Persia, Russia, India, China and Spain
Premier world traveler of the middle ages. 75,000 mile itinerary
middle ages 900 A.D. to 1500 A.D.
expand across central and southern Africa
Islam is introduced to Africa
From Sub-Saharan Africa to the Mediterranean
Bananas and plantains arrive in Africa from Asia
Ruler of Mali after Sundiata
Rulers who went on pilgrimage like Mansa Musa came back with immense prestige and status
Caste system reaches its mature form
Emergence of Scholar official class; invention of moveable type
St. Francis of Assisi