Hist 102

Century

8th Century

701 - 800

9th Century

801 - 900

10th Century

901 - 1000

11th Century

1001 - 1100

12th Century

1101 - 1200

13th Century

1201 - 1300

14th Century

1301 - 1400

15th Century

1401 - 1500

16th Century

1501 - 1600

17th Century

1601 - 1700

Islamic world

High middle ages 700 A.D. to 1500 A.D.

Muhammad Dies

570 - 632

Abu Bakr becomes first Caliphate

Muhammad emigrates from Mecca to Medina

622

Muhammad emigrates from Mecca to Medina with his followers

Abu Bakr as Caliphate

632 - 634

Abu only reigned for two years

Sassanid empire ends

642

Muslims defeat of the Persians marks the end of the Sassanid empire

Publication of the Quran

651

Ali as Caliphate

656 - 661

His assassination led to the division of Shi's and Sunni's

Ali Assasinated; split between Sunni and Shi'a

661

Muslims defeat Visigothic kingdom in Spain

711

Reconquista

722 - 1492

Progressive loss of most of Spain to the Christian Reconquest

Abbasid Caliphate

750 - 1258

Abbasid clan based it's claim to the caliphate on the descent of Abbas, Muhammads cousin. The Abbasids agiitated the Shi'a

Paper manufacture in China

750

contributed to advances in learning in the Islamic world.

Abbasid clan Victory

750 A.D.

won over rival Ummayad family who had developed the caliphate in damascus.

New capital in Baghdad founded by Abbasids

762 A.D.

Reign of Harun al Rashid

768 - 809

"One Thousand and One Nights" based off of the legendary wealth of Harun's court

Height of Muslim Learning and Creativity

800 - 1300

Zanj (Slave) revolts

869 - 883

Large scale entry of Turks into the Middle East

950 - 1100

Shi'ite Fatmids secure control over Egypt

969

Baghdad falls to Seljuk Turks

1055

Christian Crusaders hold Jerusalem

1099 - 1187

Mongols capture Baghdad

1258

and Kill the last Abbasid Caliph

Ibn Battuta

1304 - 1368

Traveled thirty years continuously through out Africa, Middle East, Persia, Russia, India, China and Spain

Ibn Battuta first trip to Mecca

1325

Premier world traveler of the middle ages. 75,000 mile itinerary

Ibn Khaldun, The Muqaddimah - Arab diplomat

1332 - 1496

African Middle Ages

middle ages 900 A.D. to 1500 A.D.

Bantu-Speakers Expand area from 1000 B.C. to 1500

320 - 1500 c.e.

expand across central and southern Africa

Large population growth in the Savanna, Lake Chad, Niger River bend & C. Nigeria

400

Christian Missionaries convert Nubian rulers

600 c.e

Muslim conquest of Egypt

642

Islam is introduced to Africa

Slave Trade

650 - 1500

From Sub-Saharan Africa to the Mediterranean

Berbers develop Caravan routes

700 - 900

Kingdom of Ghana

900 - 1100

Bananas and plantains arrive in Africa from Asia

Great Zimbabwe is built, flourishes

1100 - 1400

Kindom of Mali

1200 - 1450

Sundiata ruled Mali

1230

Mansa Musa

1312 - 1337

Ruler of Mali after Sundiata

Reign of Amda Siyon in Ethiopia

1314 - 1344

Mansa Musa's pilgrimage to Mecca

1324 - 1325

Pilgrimage to Mecca

1324

Rulers who went on pilgrimage like Mansa Musa came back with immense prestige and status

settled agricultureexists in west africa

1

Central and Southern Asia to 1400

Gupta Empire in India

320 - 480

Kalidisa - India's greatest Poet

380 - 450

White Huns invade northern India

450

India's Medieval Age

500 - 1400

Caste system reaches its mature form

Srivajaya gains control of Strait of Malacca

500

Turks rebel against Rouruan and rise to power in Central Asia

552

Borobudur templeComlex begins in Srivijaya

780

Khmer Empire of Cambodia

802 - 1432

Kingdom of Uighurs

850 - 1250

Turks Control North India

1030

Buddhism declines in India

1100 - 1200

Easter Island's most prosperous period

1200 - 1300

Delhi Sultanate established

1206

Temujim Proclaimed Chinggis Khan; Mongol language recorded,

1206

The secret history of Mongols

1240

Mongol Conquest of Song China

1276

Plague spreads through Mongol Empire

1300

Timur takes control of the Delhi sultanate

1398

East Asia 800 - 1400

Heian period of Japan

794 - 1185

Saicho and Kukai (Buddhist Monks) Travel to China

804

Koryo Dynasty in Korea

935 - 1392

Song Dynasty on China

960 - 1279

Emergence of Scholar official class; invention of moveable type

Fujiwara Michinaga dominant in Heian court

995 - 1027

The tale of Gengi

1000 - 1010

Wang Anshi: sweeping political and economic reforms

1069

First reported use of compass

1119

First government issued paper money Introduced by Song

1120 - 1129

Song Capital relocated to Hangzhou

1126

Song loss of North China to Jurchens

1126

Zhu Xi, Neo Confucian Philosopher

1130 - 1200

Kamakura Shogunate in Japan; Zen Buddhism flourishes

1185 - 1333

Mongols Yuan dynasty in CHina

1234 - 1368

Marco Polo Travels to China

1275 - 1292

Europe in the Middle Ages 800 - 1450

Reconquista, Christians get spain back from Muslims

722 - 1492

Viking, Magyar and Muslim attacks on Europe

800 - 950

Reign of William the Conquerer

1066 - 1087

Domesday Book

1086

Crusades

1095 - 1270

Height of Construction of Cathedrals in France

1180 - 1270

Magna Carta

1215

St. Thomas Aquina: Summa Theologica author

1225 - 1274

Papacy in Avignon

1309 - 1376

Famine in Northern Europe

1315 - 1322

Hundred Years' War 1337-1453

1337 - 1453

Black Death arrives in Europe

1347

Jaquerie peasant uprising in France

1358

Great Schism

1378 - 1417

English Peasants' Revolt

1381

Joan of Arc leads French troops to victory at Orleans

1429

European Renaissance and Reformation 1350-1600

Medici Family in power in Florence

1434 - 1737

Development of metal moveable type in Germany

1450 - 1459

Marriage of Isabella of Castile to Ferdinand of Aragon

1469

Spain conquers Granada; Practicing Jews expelled from Spain

1492

Michelangelo paints ceiling of Sistine Chapel

1508 - 1512

Niccolo Machiavelli writes The Prince

1513

Diet of Worms

1521

St. Francis of Assisi

Charles V's wars against Valois kings

1521 - 1555

Peasant revolts in Germany

1525

Henry VIII asks Pope Clement VII to anull marriage to Catherine Aragon

1527

John Calvin Publishes The Institutes of the Christian Religion

1536

Founding of th Society of Jesus (Jesuits)

1540

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Peace Ausberg

1555

Reign of Elizabeth I in England

1558 - 1608

Height of European witch Hunt

1560 - 1660

Civil War in the Netherlands

1568 - 1578

St. Bartholomew's Day massacre

1572

Edict of Nantes

1598