Chapter 21- by event

Ideologies and Upheavals 1815-1850

Main

This chapter

1815 - 1850

Congress of vienna

Created 50 years of peace

Congress Of Vienna

9/1/1814

Second Treaty of Paris

1815

Concluded Napoleon's final defeat at Waterloo

Repressing the liberals

Metternich's term as Prime Minister of Austria

1809 - 1848

Tried to spread conservatism and crush liberalism

Holy Aliance- A, P, R

1815

Karlsbad Decrees

1819

Set by Austria-Prussia

Required German States to outlaw and stop liberal political organizations, police their newspapers and universities, and establish a permanent committee with spies and informers to clamp down on the liberals

HA forced Spain and the 2 Sicilies to establish Constitutional Monarchies

1820

March to Naples to reestablish Ferdinand I in the Sicilies

1821

Austrian forces

French invasion of Soain

1823

Returned the power of the king

Liberalism/Nationalism/Socialism

Count Henri de Saint-Simon- french

1760 - 1825

Socalist

"doers" should be rewarded

Robert Owen- british

1771 - 1858

socialist

re-organization into model-agricultural communities

Charles Fourtier- french

1772 - 1837

socialist

"phalanxes"

total emancipation of women

Emergence of Nationalism

1815

Majority of nationalists also believed in Liberalism or radical republicanism

1815 - 1850

Karl Marx- German

1818 - 1883

Capital

1867

by Karl Marx

Romanticism

  • Attack on rationaslism

official start of Romanticism

1750

Germaine de Stael- French

1766 - 1817

_Wrote On Germany (1810)

Beetoven- England

1770 - 1827

musican

William Wordsworth- Enflish

1770 - 1850
  • Wrote Lyrical Ballads with Coleridge in 1798

Sir Walter Scott- England

1771 - 1832

-Wrote Ivanhoe (1820)
-historical novelist

Casper David Friedrich- German

1774 - 1840

-Contemplating the Moon picture

Joseph M. W. Turner- English

1775 - 1851

painter

John Constable- English

1776 - 1837

painter

Peak of Romanaticism

1790

Eugene Delacroix- Frence

1798 - 1863

-One of the romantic's best painters

Victor Hugo- French

1802 - 1885

Wrote The Hunckback of Notre Dame and Les Mesarables

Franz Liszt- German

1811 - 1886

-composer

Start of realism

1840

Revolutions

1830/ before 1848- Greece, GB, Ireland, *France

1830 - 1848

1848 revolutions- *France, Austria, Prussia/Germany

1848 - 1854

ALL FAILED

Revolution in France, Austria, and Prussia

1848

Greek Revolutions

Open revolt in Greece led by Ypsilanti

1821

Greece Independance

1830

German Prince in Greece

1832

Great British Revolutions

Corn Laws

1815 - 1846

-Artificially made the price of grain high
-people could not import grain
-Tory approved

Tory Government took away basic rights

1817

Six Acts

1819

-Placed control on heavily taxed press
-Practically eliminated all mass meetings
-Tory approved

Reform Bill of 1832

1832

-Increased number of male voters to 50%
-Whig approved

Charitism movement start

1838

Corn Law repealed

1846

Ten Hours Act

1847

-Limited work day for children and women in factories to 10 hours
-Tory approved

Irish Revolts

Irish population doubled from 4 million to 8 million

1780 - 1840

Potatoe Famine

1840 - 1850

1 million emigrated and 1.5 million dies

1845 - 1851

French Revolutions

General Louis Cavaignac

1802 - 1857

-Stopped the June days

Louis Blanc- France

1811 - 1882

-Wrote The Organization of Labor
-Represented the republican socialists and advocated for a socialistic system where everyone had the right to vote -> government permanent employment

Louis XVIII's reign

1814 - 1824

Constitutional Charter

1814

France
granted by Loius XVIII

Charles X reign

1824 - 1830

-conservative
-reputed constitutional charter
- fled in July after revolts because of his failed coup ->

Louis Philippe's reign

1830 - 1848

-accepted the constitutional charter and the red, white, and blue flag of the french revolution
-Other than these above reforms, the people's requests for reforms were unanswered
-abdicated when the popular revolt of 1848 became too much for him

Crop faliures

1846 - 1847

Government does nothing to help -> popular revolt

Louis Napolean reign

1848 - 1870
  • won election of 1848
  • was not much better than Napolean Boneapart

National workshops

1848

compromise between the socialist republicans and the liberal republicans

Popular Revolt

02/22/1848 - 2/24/1848

June Days

6/22/1848 - 6/24/1848

Austrian Revolts

Archduchess Sophia

1805 - 1872

-Speaker/leader for the conservatist aristocratic forces
-wants Ferdinand I to abdicate in favor for her son, Francis Joseph

Ferdinand I's Reign

1835 - 1848

Francis Joseph reign

1848 - 1916

Revolt begins in Hungary

03/01/1848

-Begins when nationalistic Hungarians demanded full autonomy, full civil liberties, and universal suffrage
-Of course the Vienna Monarchy refused
-The people then countered by making bunkers and arming themselves for invasions and creating disturbances
-Hapsburg emperor Ferdinand I caved and promised reforms and a liberal constitution

Austria attacks Prague to cruch a working class revolt

6/17/1848

Russian troops put out the Hungary revolts

6/6/1849

-Austria then ruled(they treated) Hungary as conquered territory

Prussian/German Revolts

Frederick William IV reign- Prussia

1840 - 1861

Crowds called for liberal reforms and a national parliament

3/1/1848

many regional rulers acquiesced

Fred Will promises constitution and merger of Prussia into new German State

3/21/1848

Prussia accepts Lesser Germany and drafts liberal constitution

3/1/1849

Lesser Germany plan was crumbling largely due to Fred Will

5/1/1849

lesser Germany plan and all other forms of unification officially done

1850

German Confederation established

1851