Chapter 21- by event

Ideologies and Upheavals 1815-1850

Main

This chapter

1815 - 1850

Congress of vienna

Created 50 years of peace

Congress Of Vienna

9/1/1814

Second Treaty of Paris

1815

Concluded Napoleon's final defeat at Waterloo

Repressing the liberals

Metternich's term as Prime Minister of Austria

1809 - 1848

Tried to spread conservatism and crush liberalism

Holy Aliance- A, P, R

1815

Karlsbad Decrees

1819

Set by Austria-Prussia

Required German States to outlaw and stop liberal political organizations, police their newspapers and universities, and establish a permanent committee with spies and informers to clamp down on the liberals

HA forced Spain and the 2 Sicilies to establish Constitutional Monarchies

1820

March to Naples to reestablish Ferdinand I in the Sicilies

1821

Austrian forces

French invasion of Soain

1823

Returned the power of the king

Liberalism/Nationalism/Socialism

Count Henri de Saint-Simon- french

1760 - 1825

Socalist

"doers" should be rewarded

Robert Owen- british

1771 - 1858

socialist

re-organization into model-agricultural communities

Charles Fourtier- french

1772 - 1837

socialist

"phalanxes"

total emancipation of women

Majority of nationalists also believed in Liberalism or radical republicanism

1815 - 1850

Emergence of Nationalism

1815

Karl Marx- German

1818 - 1883

Capital

1867

by Karl Marx

Romanticism

  • Attack on rationaslism

official start of Romanticism

1750

Germaine de Stael- French

1766 - 1817

_Wrote On Germany (1810)

William Wordsworth- Enflish

1770 - 1850
  • Wrote Lyrical Ballads with Coleridge in 1798

Beetoven- England

1770 - 1827

musican

Sir Walter Scott- England

1771 - 1832

-Wrote Ivanhoe (1820)
-historical novelist

Casper David Friedrich- German

1774 - 1840

-Contemplating the Moon picture

Joseph M. W. Turner- English

1775 - 1851

painter

John Constable- English

1776 - 1837

painter

Peak of Romanaticism

1790

Eugene Delacroix- Frence

1798 - 1863

-One of the romantic's best painters

Victor Hugo- French

1802 - 1885

Wrote The Hunckback of Notre Dame and Les Mesarables

Franz Liszt- German

1811 - 1886

-composer

Start of realism

1840

Revolutions

1830/ before 1848- Greece, GB, Ireland, *France

1830 - 1848

Revolution in France, Austria, and Prussia

1848

1848 revolutions- *France, Austria, Prussia/Germany

1848 - 1854

ALL FAILED

Greek Revolutions

Open revolt in Greece led by Ypsilanti

1821

Greece Independance

1830

German Prince in Greece

1832

Great British Revolutions

Corn Laws

1815 - 1846

-Artificially made the price of grain high
-people could not import grain
-Tory approved

Tory Government took away basic rights

1817

Six Acts

1819

-Placed control on heavily taxed press
-Practically eliminated all mass meetings
-Tory approved

Reform Bill of 1832

1832

-Increased number of male voters to 50%
-Whig approved

Charitism movement start

1838

Corn Law repealed

1846

Ten Hours Act

1847

-Limited work day for children and women in factories to 10 hours
-Tory approved

Irish Revolts

Irish population doubled from 4 million to 8 million

1780 - 1840

Potatoe Famine

1840 - 1850

1 million emigrated and 1.5 million dies

1845 - 1851

French Revolutions

General Louis Cavaignac

1802 - 1857

-Stopped the June days

Louis Blanc- France

1811 - 1882

-Wrote The Organization of Labor
-Represented the republican socialists and advocated for a socialistic system where everyone had the right to vote -> government permanent employment

Louis XVIII's reign

1814 - 1824

Constitutional Charter

1814

France
granted by Loius XVIII

Charles X reign

1824 - 1830

-conservative
-reputed constitutional charter
- fled in July after revolts because of his failed coup ->

Louis Philippe's reign

1830 - 1848

-accepted the constitutional charter and the red, white, and blue flag of the french revolution
-Other than these above reforms, the people's requests for reforms were unanswered
-abdicated when the popular revolt of 1848 became too much for him

Crop faliures

1846 - 1847

Government does nothing to help -> popular revolt

National workshops

1848

compromise between the socialist republicans and the liberal republicans

Louis Napolean reign

1848 - 1870
  • won election of 1848
  • was not much better than Napolean Boneapart

Popular Revolt

02/22/1848 - 2/24/1848

June Days

6/22/1848 - 6/24/1848

Austrian Revolts

Archduchess Sophia

1805 - 1872

-Speaker/leader for the conservatist aristocratic forces
-wants Ferdinand I to abdicate in favor for her son, Francis Joseph

Ferdinand I's Reign

1835 - 1848

Francis Joseph reign

1848 - 1916

Revolt begins in Hungary

03/01/1848

-Begins when nationalistic Hungarians demanded full autonomy, full civil liberties, and universal suffrage
-Of course the Vienna Monarchy refused
-The people then countered by making bunkers and arming themselves for invasions and creating disturbances
-Hapsburg emperor Ferdinand I caved and promised reforms and a liberal constitution

Austria attacks Prague to cruch a working class revolt

6/17/1848

Russian troops put out the Hungary revolts

6/6/1849

-Austria then ruled(they treated) Hungary as conquered territory

Prussian/German Revolts

Frederick William IV reign- Prussia

1840 - 1861

Crowds called for liberal reforms and a national parliament

3/1/1848

many regional rulers acquiesced

Fred Will promises constitution and merger of Prussia into new German State

3/21/1848

Prussia accepts Lesser Germany and drafts liberal constitution

3/1/1849

Lesser Germany plan was crumbling largely due to Fred Will

5/1/1849

lesser Germany plan and all other forms of unification officially done

1850

German Confederation established

1851