Italy Timeline with US. APUSH, Pd. 2 February 2014
Greeks, Etruscans and others settle in Italy.
Rome is founded. This marks the beginning of the Roman Kingdom.
The monarchy is overthrown, and Rome becomes a republic. From 46 to 44 B.C., Julius Caesar rules as dictator.
Augustus becomes the first emperor of the Roman Empire. He is Julius Caesar's grand-nephew and adopted son.
After the devastating Italian wars, the country sees a period of relative peace under Habsburg rule, first Spanish then Austrian-controlled. Meanwhile the discovery of the Americas and new routes to Asia, the rise of the Ottoman Empire and repeated bouts of the plague all contribute to Italy's economic decline.
The Roman armies begin to invade their neighbors and successfully build allies in the defeated cities. A victorious war over the Carthage Empire gives Rome control of mainland Greece, Spain, most of North Africa and some of Asia minor.
During Hadrian's rule, 76 = 138, the Empire's reach was its farthest, from Britain and Germany in the north, across the Balkans to Syria, Lebanon and Palestine in the east, North Africa in the south and Spain in the west. Great feats of engineering and architecture, such as the Coliseum, are built during this time.