Arab-Israeli Conflict Timeline


1913: Oil Discovered in Middle East


1914 - 1919 WWI

1914 - 1919

More than 9 million combatants were killed;It was the fifth-deadliest conflict in world history. Central Powers (Germany,Austia-Hungary,The Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria) vs.
Allied Powers (Great Britain,France,Japan, USA,Belgium,Russia)

1914: Automobiles Massed Produced


1915- 1916: The McMahon Letters

1915 - 1916

1916: Sykes-Picot Agreement


1916: Balfour Declaration


1918: Wilson's Fourteen Points Speech


1929: White Papers published


The White Paper, released by the British, placed severe limits on Jewish immigration into Palestine and stated that the British government did not plan for Palestine to become a Jewish state.

1939 - 1945 WWII

1939 - 1945

Estimated 50 million to 85 million fatalities, including 9 million Jews during the Holocaust These made World War II the deadliest conflict in human history. Axis Powers (Japan & Germany) vs. Allied Powers (US, Britain, France, Russia)

1944: Wilhelm Hoettl conversation


1945 - 1990: Cold War

1945 - 1990

1946: The Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry


1947: UN Partition Plan


With the British mandate, a right to administer over the region of Palestine soon expiring, the UN proposes a plan of partition for the region, which would create both a Jewish state and an Arab state when the British mandate runs out.

1948: Israel Declares Independence


1948 War

05/14/1948 - 1949

1967: Six-Day War

06/05/1967 - 06/10/1967

Israeli forces launch a surprise attack; take control of the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria

1967: UN Resolution 242


UN Resolution 242 is passed by the United Nations Security Council, and calls for a return of the territory seized by Israel, recognition of Israel by the Arab states, a reaffirmation of the principle of free navigation, and for future peace and stability in the region

1973: Yom Kippur War


1973-1974: Oil Embargo

1973 - 1974

Many Middle Eastern states placed an oil embargo (stop trade) on those nations they saw as favoring Israel in their policies, including the United States.

1979: Camp David Accords


1987-1990: Intifada

1987 - 1990

An uprising among Palestinian Arabs of the Gaza Strip and West Bank

1993: Oslo Peace Accords


Israelis agreed to allow self-rule in West Bank and Gaza; Palestinians agreed to not use terrorism and recognize Israel as a country

2007: Lemon Tree published