Thesis

Textbook Cycles

1947-1948

1947 - 1948

1947

1947

1948-1954

1948 - 1954

1948

1948

1954-1962

1954 - 1962

1954

1954

1962-1971

1962 - 1971

1962

1962

1971-1977

1971 - 1977

1971

1971

1977-1984

1977 - 1984

1977

1977

1984-1990

1984 - 1990

1984

1984

1990-1999

1990 - 1999

1990

1990

1999-2003

1999 - 2003

1999

1999

2003-2014

2003 - 2014

2003

2003

Historiography

The Final Solution

1953

Harvest of Hate

1954

English Edition

The Destruction of the European Jews

1961

Eichmann in Jerusalem Published

1963

The Holocaust: The Destruction of European Jewry 1933-1945 Published

1967

While Six Million Died Published

January 1967

Paper Walls Published

1968

Island Refuge Published

1973

The War Against the Jews Published

1975

The Survivor

1975

Des Pres

The Men with the Pink Triangles

1980

Ordinary Men published

1992

Hitler's Willing Executioners Published

1996

Holocaust in Film

The Stranger

May 25, 1946

Character modeled after Josef Mengele

Last Stage

March 21, 1949

Takes place in a concentration camp. (Polish with English Subtitles)

Border Street

April 25, 1950

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (Polish with English Subtitles)

Distant Journey

August 26, 1950

Czech film about a Jewish woman and her Gentile Husband during the period of escalating anti-Semitism.

The Diary of Anne Frank

March 18, 1959

Kapo

September 29, 1960

Nominated for Academy Award for best foreign language film in 1961.

Judgement at Nuremberg

December 19, 1961

The Pawnbroker

April 20, 1965

The Shop on Main Street

January 24, 1966

Academy Award for best foreign language film. (Czech film). An aryanizing German helps an old Jewish woman whose shop he has taken.

Naked Among Wolves

April 18, 1967

East German Film set in Concentration Camp. Prisoners protect a 4 year old Jewish boy in the camp of Buchenwald.

The Only Way

October 20, 1970

Danish rescue of Jews.

The Garden of the Finzi-Continis

December 16, 1971

Arrest and deportation of Italian Jews.

The Night Porter

October 1, 1974

About the masochistic relationship between a woman who meets her former Nazi torturer.

The Hiding Place

May 1975

The Man in the Glass Booth

May 17, 1975

Voyage of the Damned

1976

Mr. Klein

November 6, 1977

French Film about deportation of Jews from Paris.

Holocaust Miniseries

April 16, 1978 - April 19, 1978

House on Garibaldi Street

May 28, 1979

Playing for Time

September 30, 1980

The Diary of a Young Girl

November 17, 1980

The Boat is Full

April 25, 1981

Foreign Language Film

The Wall

February 16, 1982

Sophie's Choice

December 8, 1982

Shoah Released

1985

Wallenberg: A Hero's Story

April 8, 1985

The Attic: The Hiding of Anne Frank

April 17, 1988

Hannah's War

November 23, 1988

Triumph of the Spirit

December 8, 1989

Music Box

December 22, 1989

Europa Europa

November 14, 1990

The Nasty Girl

March 1991

German Language. A girl investigates her village's past.

Never Forget

April 8, 1991

Alan and Naomi

January 31, 1992

A Day in October

October 28, 1992

Danish film about the rescue of Danish Jews.

Schindler's List

1993

Mother Night

November 1, 1996

The Man Who Captured Eichmann

November 10, 1996

Visas and Virtues

May 1997

A Call To Remember

August 30, 1997

Bent

November 26, 1997

Persecution of gays at Dachau.

Voices of the Children

1998

Pola's March

1998

Miracle at Midnight

May 17, 1998

Apt Pupil

October 23, 1998

Life Is Beautiful

October 23, 1998

The March

1999

The Devil's Arithmatic

March 28, 1999

Jakob the Liar

September 24, 1999

Sugihara: Conspiracy of Kindness

August 6, 2000

Haven

February 11, 2001

Conspiracy

May 19, 2001

Anne Frank: The Whole Story

May 20, 2001

The Grey Zone

September 13, 2001

Edges of the Lord

October 12, 2001

Uprising

November 4, 2001

The Power of Good: Nicholas Winton

March 27, 2003

The Pianist

March 28, 2003

Out of the Ashes

April 13, 2003

Hitler: The Rise of Evil

May 18, 2003

Downfall

February 18, 2005

Forgiving Dr. Mengele

January 2006

Black Book

November 9, 2006

Forgiveness

April 26, 2008

The Boy in the Striped Pajamas

November 28, 2008

Good

December 11, 2008

Defiance

December 31, 2008

The Reader

January 30, 2009

The Courageous Heart of Irena Sendler

April 9, 2009

Documentaries

Death Mills

1945

Seeds of Destiny

1946

This Is Your Life: Hanna Bloch Kohner

May 27, 1953

Television series which featured a show with this Holocaust survivor

Nuit et brouillard (Night and Fog)

1955

French release only.

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich

March 6, 1968

The Sorrow and the Pity

March 27,1972

French Vichy governments collaboration.

The Memory of Justice

October 4, 1976

Violence in War- Nuremburg, Vietnam, & Algeria

Genocide

March 14, 1982

Who Shall Live and Who Shall Die

April 19, 1982

Could US have helped?

To Bear Witness

1983

How could it happen? Interviews with survivors. Day by day accounts

A Generation Apart

March 18, 1984

Impact on survivor families

Kaddish

April 3, 1984

Voices from the Attic

September 2, 1988

Hotel Terminus: The Life and Times of Klaus Barbi

October 6, 1988

Lodz Ghetto

March 22, 1989

C.A.N.D.L.E.S.: The Story of the Mengele Twins

1990

They Risked Their Lives: Rescuers of the Holocaust

1991

Sequel to Lódz Ghetto

1992

Choosing One's Way: Resistance in Auschwitz/Birkenau

1994

The Holocaust: In Memory of Millions

1994

Diamonds in the Snow

April 10, 1994

Story of Jewish children from Bendzin. They were hiding from the Nazis.

One Survivor Remembers

1995

Gerda Weissmann Klein recounts her ordeals as a six year old victim of Nazi cruelty

Anne Frank Remembered

June 8, 1995

Children Remember the Holocaust

December 19, 1995

Celebrities narrate letters, diaries and published stories of children who lived through the Holocaust.

My Knees Were Jumping: Remembering the Kindertransports

January 1996

Survivors of the Holocaust

January 8, 1996

Numerous testimonies from survivors.

Out Loud!

1997

Documentary about Pink Triangle victims.

The Lost Children of Berlin

1997

50 Holocaust survivors reunite.

Blood Money: Switzerland's Nazi Gold

1997

My Hometown Concentration Camp

1997

Survivor Bernard Offen tells his story of Krakow Ghetto and Plaszow Camp.

In the Shadow of the Reich: Nazi Medicine

1997

The Trial of Adolf Eichmann

April 30, 1997

Trial footage and recollections of trial witnesses.

The Long Way Home

September 19, 1997

About Jewish refugees after the war. Horrid conditions and the State of Israel.

Raising the Ashes

October 5, 1997

Documents a memorial at Auschwitz of 150 trying to turn it into a place of healing.

Grüningers Fall

November 20, 1997

About a Swiss rescuer who is later sued by Switzerland.

Never Forget

1998

A Letter Without Words

January 20, 1998

Narrative created from evidence left behind by amateur Jewish filmmaker of 1920-1930s.

A Sculpture of Love and Anguish

April 12, 1998

The Miami Beach Holocaust Memorial

Eyewitness

1999

Three artists work in secret in Nazi death camps.

Process B-7815

1999

Bernard Offen- holocaust survivor.

Tak for Alt: Survival of a Human Spirit

1999

Follows Holocaust survivor through the camps to the US in 1963.

The Last Days

February 5, 1999

Story of 5 Hungarian Jews during the Shoah.

The Children of Chabannes

June 16, 1999

French village saves the lives of 400 Jewish refugee children.

Burning Questions

June 17, 1999

Polish Catholics in the Holocaust.

Mr. Death: The Rise and Fall of Fred A. Leuchter, Jr.

December 29, 1999

Records the life of a consultant of prisons who testified in a Holocaust Denial trial. Found that there was NOT gas used in chambers. Meant to give an impression of him as a denier, not support denial.

The Typhoons' Last Storm

2000

Allies attack ships loaded with concentration camp prisoners.

Paragraph 175

January 22, 2000

Sodomy provision and persecution of gays and lesbians.

Into the Arms of Strangers: Stories of the Kindertransport

September 7, 2000

Kindertransport filmed interviews recall feelings and experiences.

Exodus to Berlin

2001

Movement of Jews from Eastern Europe to Berlin after fall of Soviet Union.

Fighter

August 24, 2001

Survivor of Terezin recounts their travels during Holocaust.

Holocaust: New York Tolerance Center

November 1, 2001

Personal look at the center.

Last Dance

July 12, 2002

About collaboration to create dance-theater piece about the Holocaust

Prisoner of Paradise

December 11, 2002

Chronicles actor who directed at Theresienstadt.

Luboml: My Heart Remembers

2003

Recounts the town of Luboml and its fate because of the Holocaust.

Fate Did Not Let Me Go

April 15, 2003

Old man receives a letter in 1985 from his mother who died in Theresienstadt.

Berga: Soldiers of Another War

May 28, 2003

Jewish American soldiers captured and sent to concentration camps.

The Danish Solution: The Rescue of the Jews in Denmark

December 10, 2003

Jews escape from Denmark

Imaginary Witness

May 6, 2004

Representation of the Holocaust in Hollywood over 60 years.

A Is for Auschwitz: A Weekend with My Grandparents

November 14, 2004

Teenager interviews grandparts (holocaust survivors)

Knocking

2006

One part of film follows Jew who converted to Jehovah's Witnesses after seeing them during the Holocaust.

Journey to Justice

March 25, 2006

German Jew, escaped in 1939, became American soldier during WWII and translated at the Nuremberg Trials.

Paper Clips

August 4, 2006

Students collect paper clips to represent Jews killed by the Nazis

Borrowing Time

October 10, 2006

Story of survivor Henri Landwirth trying to be released from the hold of the past.

A Film Unfinished

August 18, 2010

Bearing Witness: The Voices of Our Survivors

2012

Stories of Holocaust Survivors

Misa's Fugue

April 16, 2012

Story of a child living through the Holocaust.

REFUGE: Stories of the Selfhelp Home

June 3, 2012

Jews who escaped after Riechskristallnacht set up support community for others fleeing.

The Resort

August 24, 2012

About Concentration camp used to dispel rumors of extermination camps.

No Place on Earth

April 5, 2013

About a group of survivors who hid in caves in the Ukraine.

Holocaust in Society

Nuremburg Trials

October 6, 1945 - October 1, 1946

Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl

1952

Published in English

Survival in Auschwitz published in English

1959

Adolf Eichmann Arrested

May 11, 1960

Mila 18 published

1961

Leon Uris

Adolph Eichmann Trial

April 11, 1961 - December 12, 1961

Night Published in English

1964

The Hiding Place Published

November 1971

Voyage of the Damned Published

1974

NSPA vs. Skokie

1977

The National Socialist Party of America planned to march through Skokie, which had a high population of survivors. The Supreme Court of Illinois allowed the march, but the NSPA moved it to Chicago as it had originally planned.

President's Commission on the Holocaust

November 1, 1978

President Carter charged it with the responsibility to submit a report "with respect to the establishment and maintenance of an appropriate memorial to those who perished in the Holocaust."

Bent Published

1979

Sophie's Choice published

1979

Irving Libel Trial

September 5, 1996 - April 11, 2000

Cold War & Israel

Iron Curtain Speech

March 5, 1946

Truman Doctrine

March 12, 1947

Communist takeover in Czechoslovakia

February 25, 1948

State of Israel Established

May 14, 1948

1948 Arab-Israeli War

May 15, 1948 - July 20, 1949

Berlin Blockade

June 24, 1948 - May 12, 1949

Federal Republic of Germany Created

May 23, 1949

German Democratic Republic Created

October 7, 1949

McCarran Internal Security Act

February 1950

Korean War

June 24, 1950 - July 1953

Vietnam War

November 1, 1955 - April 30, 1975

According to the DoD review of 1998

Sputnik

October 4, 1957

Berlin Wall

August 12, 1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14, 1962 - October 28, 1962

Six Day War

June 5, 1967 - June 10, 1967

War of Attrition against Israel

March 8, 1969 - August 7, 1970

US/China Rapprochement

February 21, 1972 - February 28, 1972

Munich Massacre

September 4, 1972 - September 6, 1972

Yom Kippur War

October 6, 1973 - October 25, 1973

Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

December 24, 1979 - February 15, 1989

1982 Lebanon War

June 6, 1982 - June 1985

First Intifada

December 8, 1987 - September 13, 1993

Berlin Wall Falls

November 9, 1989

Collapse of Soviet Union

August 24, 1991 - December 25, 1991

Second Intifada

September 28, 2000 - February 8, 2005

2nd Lebanon War

July 12, 2006 - August 14, 2006

Gaza War

December 27, 2008 - January 18, 2009

US Society

Brown v. Board of Education

May 17, 1954

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1, 1955 - December 20, 1956

Integration of Little Rock Central HS

September 4, 1957 - September 24, 1957

Greensboro sit-ins

February 1, 1960 - July 25, 1960

First Freedom Riders

May 4, 1961 - May 17, 1961

Integration of the University of Mississipi

September 20, 1962 - October 2, 1962

Letter from Birmingham Jail

April 16,1963

Birmingham March

May 3, 1963

High School students attacked by police dogs and water hoses.

March on Washington

August 28, 1963

Assassination of JFK

November 22, 1963

Rabbis Arrested for Pray-in

June 18, 1964

Largest mass arrest of rabbis in US history for their participation in Civil Rights Movement.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

July 2, 1964

Ended unequal application of voter registration and racial segregation.

Dr. King Receives Nobel Peace Prize

December 10, 1964

Selma March

March 7, 1965

Voting Rights Act

August 6, 1965

Prohibits discrimination in voting.

Dr. King Assassinated

April 4, 1968

Stonewall Riots

June 28, 1969

First Gay Pride Parades

June 27, 1970 - June 28, 1970

Assassination of Harvey Milke

November 27, 1978

Don't Ask, Don't Tell

February 28, 1994

Defense of Marriage Act

September 21, 1996

Vermont allows Same-sex Civil Unions

March 15, 2000

Massachusetts Legalizes Gay Marriage

May 17, 2004

DOMA Declared Unconstitutional

June 26, 2013

Education and Textbook History

Anti-Nationalist Efforts

1937 - 1939

Gestie & Zook found in Twentieth Century Textbook Wars pp 45-47. Also by the League of Nations.

Period of Nationalist/Anti-Totalitarian Textbooks

1940 - 1946

Twentieth Century Textbook Wars. Pages 49-53.

General Education in a Free Society

1945

Harvard University Committee on Objectives of Education in a Free Society argued for serving all students, not just those going to college.

Anti-Communist Influences

1946 - 1958

Twentieth-Century Textbook Wars. Pages 53-59

Krugg Report

1960

Suggests that political lobby groups rather than historians and instructors were influencing textbooks. Twentieth Century Textbook Wars. Page 83

Focus on decreasing racial Bias

1960 - 1969

Twentieth Century Textbook Wars. Pages 76-80