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The Tudors

Henry VII

1485 - 1509

King Henry VII 1485 - 1509
•Age 28-52
•Great-great-great-grandson of Edward III
•Born: January 28, 1457 at Pembroke Castle, Wales
•Parents: Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, and Margaret Beaufort
•Ascended to the throne: 22 August 1485 aged 28 years
•Crowned: 30 October 1485 at Westminster Abbey
•Married: Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV
•Children: Three sons and four daughters. Only 4 of whom survived infancy; Arthur, Margaret, Henry and Mary
•Died: 21 April 1509 at Richmond Palace, Surrey, aged 52 years
•Buried at: Westminster
•Succeeded by: his son Henry VIII

1471 - Henry aged 14 fled to Brittany, France, when Lancastrian King Henry VI is murdered by Yorkist King Edward IV making Welsh Henry next in line to the throne.

1485 - Henry gained the throne when he defeated and killed Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth. The battle ended the War of the Roses, a dispute between the House of Lancaster and the House of York.

Immediately following his victory at Bosworth he married the Yorkist heiress, Edward IV ‘s daughter, Elizabeth to consolidate the warring families.

Henry VII kept England peaceful and brought riches to the crown and country.

Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

King Henry VIII 1509 - 1547
■Age 18-56
■Second son of Henry VII
■Born: 28 June 1491 at Greenwich Palace
■Parents: Henry VII and Elizabeth of York
■Ascended to the throne: 21 April 1509 aged 17 years
■Crowned: 24 June 1509 at Westminster Abbey
■Married:
(1) Catherine of Aragon 1509-1533 Divorced
(2) Anne Boleyn 1533-1536 Beheaded
(3) Jane Seymour 1536-1537 Died
(4) Anne of Cleves 1540 Divorced
(5) Catherine Howard 1540-1542 Beheaded
(6) Catherine Parr 1543-1547 Survived
■Children: Three legitimate who survived infancy; Mary, Elizabeth and Edward, and at least one illegitimate child Henry Fitzroy.
■Died: 28 January 1547 at Whitehall Palace, London, aged 55 years
■Buried at: Windsor
■Succeeded by: his son Edward VI

Henry succeeded to the throne because his elder brother Arthur died in 1502. His first wife, Catherine of Aragon, was Arthur's wife.

The best known fact about Henry VIII is that he had six wives!

Henry argued with the Pope and made himself the head of the new 'Church of England'.

Most school children learn the following rhyme to help them remember the fate of each wife: "Divorced, Beheaded, Died: Divorced, Beheaded, Survived".

Edward VI

1547 - 1553

Timeline of the Kings and Queens of England

The Tudors
(Find out more about the Tudors)

The Tudors were Welsh. They brought peace to England after 150 years of virtually continuous warfare, encouraged new religious ideas, overseas exploration and colonisation.
• King Henry VII 1485 - 1509
•King Henry VIII 1509 - 1547
•King Edward VI 1547 - 1553
•Jane Grey 1554
•Queen Mary I (Bloody Mary) 1553 - 1558
•Queen Elizabeth I 1558 - 1603

King Henry VII 1485 - 1509
•Age 28-52
•Great-great-great-grandson of Edward III
•Born: January 28, 1457 at Pembroke Castle, Wales
•Parents: Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, and Margaret Beaufort
•Ascended to the throne: 22 August 1485 aged 28 years
•Crowned: 30 October 1485 at Westminster Abbey
•Married: Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV
•Children: Three sons and four daughters. Only 4 of whom survived infancy; Arthur, Margaret, Henry and Mary
•Died: 21 April 1509 at Richmond Palace, Surrey, aged 52 years
•Buried at: Westminster
•Succeeded by: his son Henry VIII

1471 - Henry aged 14 fled to Brittany, France, when Lancastrian King Henry VI is murdered by Yorkist King Edward IV making Welsh Henry next in line to the throne.

1485 - Henry gained the throne when he defeated and killed Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth. The battle ended the War of the Roses, a dispute between the House of Lancaster and the House of York.

Immediately following his victory at Bosworth he married the Yorkist heiress, Edward IV ‘s daughter, Elizabeth to consolidate the warring families.

Henry VII kept England peaceful and brought riches to the crown and country.

Click here to read more about Henry VII

King Henry VIII 1509 - 1547
■Age 18-56
■Second son of Henry VII
■Born: 28 June 1491 at Greenwich Palace
■Parents: Henry VII and Elizabeth of York
■Ascended to the throne: 21 April 1509 aged 17 years
■Crowned: 24 June 1509 at Westminster Abbey
■Married:
(1) Catherine of Aragon 1509-1533 Divorced
(2) Anne Boleyn 1533-1536 Beheaded
(3) Jane Seymour 1536-1537 Died
(4) Anne of Cleves 1540 Divorced
(5) Catherine Howard 1540-1542 Beheaded
(6) Catherine Parr 1543-1547 Survived
■Children: Three legitimate who survived infancy; Mary, Elizabeth and Edward, and at least one illegitimate child Henry Fitzroy.
■Died: 28 January 1547 at Whitehall Palace, London, aged 55 years
■Buried at: Windsor
■Succeeded by: his son Edward VI

Henry succeeded to the throne because his elder brother Arthur died in 1502. His first wife, Catherine of Aragon, was Arthur's wife.

The best known fact about Henry VIII is that he had six wives!

Henry argued with the Pope and made himself the head of the new 'Church of England'.

Most school children learn the following rhyme to help them remember the fate of each wife: "Divorced, Beheaded, Died: Divorced, Beheaded, Survived".

Click here to read more about Henry VIII

King Edward VI 1547 - 1553
•Age 9-15
•Born: 12 October 1537 at Hampton Court
•Parents: Henry VIII and Jane Seymour
•Ascended to the throne: 28 January 1547 aged 9 years
•Crowned: 19 February 1547 at Westminster Abbey
•Married: Never Married
•Children: None
•Died: 6 July 1553 at Greenwich Palace
•Buried at: Westminster
•Succeeded by: his half sister Mary

Edward reigned under the protection of his uncle, the Duke of Somerset.
Edward was never a healthy King and died aged only 15 years.

Mary I

1553 - 1558

Queen Mary I (Bloody Mary) 1553 - 1558
•Age 37-42
•Born: 8 February 1516 at Greenwich Palace
•Parents: Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon
•Ascended to the throne: 19 July 1553 aged 37 years
•Crowned: 1 October 1553 at Westminster Abbey
•Married: Philip II of Spain
•Children: None
•Died: November 17, 1558 at St James Palace, London, aged 42 years
•Buried at: Westminster
•Succeeded by: her half sister Elizabeth

Her nickname was Bloody Mary because of the huge numbers of people she murdered to return England from its Protestant regime back to the Catholic faith.

Elizibeth I

1558 - 1603

Queen Elizabeth I 1558 - 1603
• Age 25-69
•Born: 7 September 1533 at Greenwich Palace
•Parents: Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
•Ascended to the throne: 17 November 1558 aged 25 years
•Crowned: 15 January 1559 at Westminster Abbey
•Married: Never Married
•Children: None
•Died: 24 March 1603 at Richmond Palace, Surrey, aged 69 years
•Buried at: Westminster
•Succeeded by: her 3rd cousin James of Scotland

During her reign great adventurers discovered many new lands. Fought off the Spanish Armada.

Named James VI of Scotland her heir, uniting the two countries Scotland and England.

Significant People of the Tudor times

William Shakespeare

1546 - 1616

Sir Walter Raleigh

1554 - 1618