Timeline of the Kings and Queens of England
(Find out more about the Tudors)
The Tudors were Welsh. They brought peace to England after 150 years of virtually continuous warfare, encouraged new religious ideas, overseas exploration and colonisation.
• King Henry VII 1485 - 1509
•King Henry VIII 1509 - 1547
•King Edward VI 1547 - 1553
•Jane Grey 1554
•Queen Mary I (Bloody Mary) 1553 - 1558
•Queen Elizabeth I 1558 - 1603
King Henry VII 1485 - 1509
•Great-great-great-grandson of Edward III
•Born: January 28, 1457 at Pembroke Castle, Wales
•Parents: Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, and Margaret Beaufort
•Ascended to the throne: 22 August 1485 aged 28 years
•Crowned: 30 October 1485 at Westminster Abbey
•Married: Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV
•Children: Three sons and four daughters. Only 4 of whom survived infancy; Arthur, Margaret, Henry and Mary
•Died: 21 April 1509 at Richmond Palace, Surrey, aged 52 years
•Buried at: Westminster
•Succeeded by: his son Henry VIII
1471 - Henry aged 14 fled to Brittany, France, when Lancastrian King Henry VI is murdered by Yorkist King Edward IV making Welsh Henry next in line to the throne.
1485 - Henry gained the throne when he defeated and killed Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth. The battle ended the War of the Roses, a dispute between the House of Lancaster and the House of York.
Immediately following his victory at Bosworth he married the Yorkist heiress, Edward IV ‘s daughter, Elizabeth to consolidate the warring families.
Henry VII kept England peaceful and brought riches to the crown and country.
Click here to read more about Henry VII
King Henry VIII 1509 - 1547
■Second son of Henry VII
■Born: 28 June 1491 at Greenwich Palace
■Parents: Henry VII and Elizabeth of York
■Ascended to the throne: 21 April 1509 aged 17 years
■Crowned: 24 June 1509 at Westminster Abbey
(1) Catherine of Aragon 1509-1533 Divorced
(2) Anne Boleyn 1533-1536 Beheaded
(3) Jane Seymour 1536-1537 Died
(4) Anne of Cleves 1540 Divorced
(5) Catherine Howard 1540-1542 Beheaded
(6) Catherine Parr 1543-1547 Survived
■Children: Three legitimate who survived infancy; Mary, Elizabeth and Edward, and at least one illegitimate child Henry Fitzroy.
■Died: 28 January 1547 at Whitehall Palace, London, aged 55 years
■Buried at: Windsor
■Succeeded by: his son Edward VI
Henry succeeded to the throne because his elder brother Arthur died in 1502. His first wife, Catherine of Aragon, was Arthur's wife.
The best known fact about Henry VIII is that he had six wives!
Henry argued with the Pope and made himself the head of the new 'Church of England'.
Most school children learn the following rhyme to help them remember the fate of each wife: "Divorced, Beheaded, Died: Divorced, Beheaded, Survived".
Click here to read more about Henry VIII
King Edward VI 1547 - 1553
•Born: 12 October 1537 at Hampton Court
•Parents: Henry VIII and Jane Seymour
•Ascended to the throne: 28 January 1547 aged 9 years
•Crowned: 19 February 1547 at Westminster Abbey
•Married: Never Married
•Died: 6 July 1553 at Greenwich Palace
•Buried at: Westminster
•Succeeded by: his half sister Mary
Edward reigned under the protection of his uncle, the Duke of Somerset.
Edward was never a healthy King and died aged only 15 years.