Latin America

Politics

The New World

1492

Columbus arrives in Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic)

Tordesilhas Treaty

1494

The Spanish and the Portuguese Crowns devide the West Hemisphere in two halfs

The Dream of El Dorado

1519 - 1533

1519: Cortés meets the Aztecs
1533: Pizarro enters Cuzco

Potosí: Silver Cycle

1544 - 1783

(Bolivia)

Minas Gerais: Gold Cycle

1693 - 1750

(Brazil)

Methuen Treaty

1703

Portugal and England sign the last contract of a series that led Brazilian gold to London's vaults

Independence Movements

1804 - 1825

1804: Haiti
1825 Bolivia
*some countries such as Uruguay and Panama have become States later on, though were not European colonies anymore

Monroe Doctrine

1823

"America for the Americans"

Congress of Panama

1826

Bolívar's failed Pan-American dream

Manifest Destiny

1845

USA expansionism mission

Mexican-American Wars

1846 - 1848

Mexico lost almost half of its original territory to the USA

War of The Tripple Alliance

1864 - 1870

Paraguay devasteded by Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina - financed by British bankers and industrialists

Good Neighbor Policy

1933 - 1945

Franklin Roosevelt principle of non-intervention in domestic affairs of Latin America

Military Dictatorships

1936 - 1989

1936: Somoza dynasty begins in Nicaragua
1989: Noriega falls in Panama

Washington Consensus

1989 - 2008

Institutions based in DC (IMF, World Bank and U.S. Treasury) promote economic packages towards Latin American financial crisis

Identity

Jesús Tenreiro-Degwitz - CVG headquarters

1967 - 1968

(Venezuela)

Chico Buarque - Apesar de Você

1970

(Brazil)

Isabel Allende - La Casa de Los Espíritus

1982

(Chile)

Adriana Varejão - Línguas e Cortes

1995 - 2005

(Brazil)

Oscar Muñoz - Aliento

1996

(Colombia)

Marcelo Brodsky - Buena Memoria

1996

(Argentina)

Damián Ortega - Cosmic Thing

2002

(Mexico)

Alejandro González Iñárritu - Babel

2006

(Mexico/USA)

Doris Salcedo - Shibboleth

2007

(Colombia/England)

Carlos Garaicoa - The Point, The Line and The Plane

2009

(Cuba)

Regina José Galindo - Looting

2010

(Guatemala)