Psychology master timeline

Main

Descartes

1700

Separation of body and soul

Galton

1869

Hereditary Genius, eugenics, nature vs. nurture
Cousin of Darwin

First U.S. psych lab - Stanley Hall - Hopkins

1885

Animal intelligence - Thorndike

1890

Developmental psychology

1920

Piaget - father of developmental psychology
Language and thought of the child

Personality psychology

1930

Allport - founder

Humanism

1960 - Present

Maslow, Rogers
Began as reaction against psychoanalysis and behaviorism. Focus is on self-actualization

Structuralism

concerned with the building blocks of behavior; structure of the mind
Titchener - student of Wundt

First formal psychology laboratory - Wilhelm Wundt - Leipzig, Germany

1880

"Father of experimental psychology"

Functionalism

Functionalism - the purpose (as opposed to the building blocks) of behavior. CF Structuralism

Darwin

1859

Publishes Origin of Species; start of Functionalism

William James

1875

Teaches Harvard course on the relations between physiology and psychology

Ebbinghaus - memory

1885

James publishes Principles of Psychology

1890

Psychoanalysis

Freud

1900

neo-Freudians - Adler, Jung, Anna Freud

Gestalt

The whole is greater than the sum of its parts

Beginning of gestalt movement

1912

Max Wertheimer - founder of Gestalt psychology

Behaviorism

Watson

1913

"Little Albert" experiment; father of classical conditioning

Ivan Pavlov

1915


classical conditioning

Operant conditioning - BF Skinner

1935

Social conformity

Sherif

1936

Investigated the autokinetic effect. First experimental study of the influence of group norms

Solomon Asch

1950

gestalt psychologist
Initiated experiments on social pressure to conform

Stanley Milgram

1960

Phillip Zimbardo

1965 - Present

Cognitive movement

Festinger

1955

Cognitive dissonance
social comparison theory

Cognitive psychology

1980 - Present

concerned with the study of internal mental processes - contrast with behaviorism
Later on, cognitive neuroscience - deals with the biological substrates that support cognition