From early man to modern - day , discover cool facts that have shaped our world!
The earth is approximately 4.55 billion years old. The Stone Age begins in the year 5997987 B.C. where we finally get a glimpse of early man and what they can do. The Stone Age gets its name from all the stone tools and weapons that early man created.
The last true Pharaoh of Egypt was Tutenkahmen ; He was thrown off his chariot when he was 19 , and left no heir to the throne. That was the end of the last true Egyptian dynasty.
This was the first numbering system; it had sixty as the base and the multiplication went up to 59 times 59.
The Egyptian had a numeral system base of ten.
The Sumerians were the first to have a written language, it is called cuneiform. They also created name seals , where you would carve your name into a cylinder stone and roll it in ink and then roll it on papyrus. This seal was mainly for nobles and the king.
Humans discovered metal as a raw material for fashioning tools, weapons, and jewelry. Now early man is becoming more social in building villages and you are also starting to see trained warriors as well.
The Sumerians numerals were based on multiples of 6 & 12.
Babylon used highly developed geometry as basis for astronomic measurements.
The Chinese created mathematical permutations and " magic squares" which is a group of numbers that are i the from of a square and any way you add them you will get the same answer.
The Phoenicians created the alphabet , they also created purple dye and were merchants and sea-traders.
The Assyrians were a very powerful empire that actually overpowered the Egyptians. The Assyrians were overpowered by the Romans in 500 B.C.
The Chinese also created textbooks for math that included proportions, " rule of 3" arithmetic, geometry, equations with one or more unknown quantities, and theory of motion.
The Etruscans tried to attack the Greeks and the Romans many times; and each time the Etruscans lost, The Romans and Greeks had enough ; so the Greeks fought them and won. So, they didn't mess with the Greeks, but they kept trying to fight the Romans; so the Romans finally defeated the Etruscans in 391 B.C.
Philip was the youngest son of his father, and as a young boy he was taken hostage and learned military techniques from Thebes. He came back and became King , because his elder brothers had all died.He was a great King and he was able to take control of the Greeks militia. He was later killed at his daughter's wedding. Many believe his wife was the one to rearrange the assassination.
Philip of Macedonia forced a treaty with the Greeks, when he took over their militia so that they wouldn't be mad.
He was crowned King, and basically was in control of the whole world back then, except for China. He died at age 32, but was considered a great king.
One of Alexander's greatest feats , is when he conquered Persia. That was when he was considered a great king.
Carthage survives for a long time in Africa.
Euclid wrote the "Elements" a standard work of geometry.
When Alexander died, many mourned. his empire was divided between his generals. One of his generals Candragupta Maurya united the northern states into the first Indian Empire. Many today believe that Alexander the Great was poisoned on his way back from Egypt.
Selecuids rule Iran and Palestine, and the Celtic Gauls start to settle in France and Central Europe
Hannibal of Carthage helped to defend the Carthaginians from the Romans.
Hannibal crosses the alps with his army some horses and donkeys. And a few elephants!
The Great Wall of China was built to keep invaders from coming to mess with the farmers. And while it was still under construction invaders came to mess with the farmers.
After the temple in Jerusalem is destroyed, Maccabaeus restores it and also restores the everlasting light in the temple. Which in many temples there is one everlasting light to remind us of Maccabaeus and what he did for the Jews.
For a little while the Hebrews are able to live in safety without any wars or trouble , but little did they now that war would come there way again.
Carthage was one of the many Greek towns , and it was a very important one for trade. Once the Romans conquered it , they were then able to conquer Rome.
Parthinians were at war with Babylonians for many years and finally they were able to conquer the city!
The Parthians were starting to become a strong empire, to the point they then took the big city of Media.
Christ is born in Bethlehem
Pompeii is buried by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius.
Hipparchus Nicaea invents trigonometry.
Diophantus writes the first book on algebra.
The Dark Ages have finally begun in Europe. The bubonic plague, evil kings and queens, the struggle of the peasants finally make their appearance.
Rome has finally been defeated.
In southern China we see one of the very first dynasties coming around , the Chi dynasty.
Soon after the Dark ages we see the middle ages. The great fire of London, millions of deaths from the bubonic plague, and King Henry VII.
Queen Theodelinda converts to Catholicism.
The first authenticated record of decimal reckoning occurs in India.
The Moslems start to take control over the Mediterranean area after their great prophet Muhammed dies. They even fight a war against the Catholics.
The Persians are the first to coin the term "algebra".
The Arabs include zero to multiply by ten.
the present mathematical notion of multiplying with zero and algebra is brought to Europe by the Arabs.
William the Conqueror becomes King of England.
The Crusades are commissioned by the Pope to free the Holy Land, Jerusalem.
King Richard the Lionheart becomes the new king of England, after William the Conqueror's death.
Incan Empire in Peru begins, the Incas are known for their wonderful pottery and warrior costumes.
Mali Empire reaches its height in Africa, it becomes a great trading post.
100 Years' War between England and France for the right to rule France.
The Black Plague starts in China and reaches into Europe and causes millions and millions of deaths.
China is under the rule of the Mongols with Genghis Khan as their emperor.
The War of Roses started , because of a bitter fight between two of the royal families; Lancaster and York. The struggle became known as the War of Roses because both sides wore a rose emblem as a badge.
The Turks start winning land from the Byzantine people, and filly they were able to capture Constantinople in 1453. Constantinople was the capital of the Byzantine empire. The Sultan of the Turks Mehmet II renamed Constantinople, Istanbul.
France has a stable government that lasts 347 years, but soon a revolt takes place that makes them change their thinking again.
Tsar Ivan III, or Ivan the Terrible, which really means Ivan the Great. He declared himself Tsar (emperor) of Russia in 1480 and was considered a great king. During his reign he built many beautiful buildings in his capital, Moscow.
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella successfully rule Spain. They were also the King and Queen that commissioned Columbus three ships to go and sail to the New World.
The Chimu civilization in Peru are defeated by the Aztecs. The Aztecs then used the killed warriors and prisoners as human sacrifices to their gods.
During the Spanish Inquisition heresy is found in the royal families.
The Earl of Warwick or the "Kingmaker" stops helping his brother Edward IV and starts helping Henry VII become king.
Ashikaga Yoshima a Japanese shogun is starting to rise to power.
The Moslems are driven from Spain (Granada), and sent to either Africa or other surrounding countries.
Christopher Columbus sails west hoping to reach India or China. Instead, he discovers a New World.
Pope Alexander of Spain divides land between Spain an Portugal, creating on elf the first boundaries.
john "Giovanni" Cabot, an Italian explorer discovers North America for England.
the Portuguese start to establish trading centers in India, the East Indies, and China.
Christopher Columbus made his third voyage to the New World to establish settlements.
Treaty fo Granada: France and Aragon divide Naples.
Scipione de Ferro solves a form of cubic equation.
King Charles I of Spain ruled in an interesting time in Spanish history. With Mexico and South America being conquered, the Spanish were soon taking over the New World. And King Charles I was positive he would control all of it.
Many Europeans were in China, for many reasons. One, was to spread the gospel. Two, was to take control of the riches. Three, try to take control of China. Finally, in 1523 the Europeans left and decided to leave China alone for awhile.
Giovanni Verrazano was one of the many explorers sent to explore the New World. HIs particular mission was to explore the coast of North America.
When we think of Boer, we usually think of the Boers fighting for land in South Africa. But, this wasn't the only Boer war. In Germany, the Boers also fought for land to harvest crops and raise families. This war lasted for two years.
The Mogol Emperor, Babur founded the Mughal Dynasty in Delhi.
The Turks were some of the most fierce fighters in the Middle Ages. And one of their greatest accomplishments was taking Hungary.
In Italy, there is a little city called Florence. In the 1500's Florence declared that they would be a republic.
Everyone has heard of the famous Frenchman, Jaques Cartier. Who brilliantly started taking control of many parts of Canada. In 1534 he was sent to study the coast of Newfoundland.
Rhaeticus writes trigonometric tables.
Queen Elizabeth I rules England.
Spain travels to America and start the St. Augustine colony in Florida.
The Netherlands revolt against Spain.
Venice and Spain defeat the Turks.
Francois Viete introduces decimal fractions.
Sir Walter Raleigh founds the mysterious colony of Roanoke. Three years after finding the new colony, all the settlers disappeared.
The Spanish Armada is finally defeated by England.
Ludolph van Ceulens gives ratio of the diameter to the circumference to twenty places.
King Henry IV rules Spain.
King Philip III rules Spain.
Jamestown is founded by the English and is one of the first successful settlements in America.
King Louis XIII is the new ruler of France.
Bartholomew Piticus uses decimal point in his trigonometrical tables.
Thirty Years' War- Spain and Austria defeated.
Kepler's mother is arrested for witchcraft.
The Mayflower leaves England with 102 passengers, they are the same pilgrims that settle in Plymouth.
French Huguenots declare war on King Louis XIII.
Edmund Gunter writes treatise on logarithms.
King Philip IV is the new ruler of Spain.
The pilgrims of the Mayflower found Plymouth.
King Charles I reigns in England
Brackets and other abbreviations introduces in mathematica.
William Oughtred proposes symbol "x" for multiplication
Gerard Desargues writes a book on modern geometry
The English Civil Wars begin
King Louis XIV rules France
King Charles II, the son of King Charles I rules England.
The British take control of the Dutch colonies, New York and New Jersey.
England takes control of Bombay, India
Triple alliance against France
England and France sign an anti-Dutch treaty
All China ports open to foreign trade.
James II reigns in England
There is a glorious Revolution in England, that overthrows James II and William and Mary take to the throne.
King Louis XV of France.
Brook Taylor invents the calculus of finite differences
Czar Peter the great of Russia
King Frederick the Great of Russia
Empress Maria Theresa of Austria.
The French and Indian War begins in North America.
Empress Catherine the Great of Russia
The colonists of Boston mad over the tax required to buy tea, dress like Native American Indians and throw the imported tea into the Boston Harbor as sign of rebellion to the British.
The First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia to discuss how to deal with the British. Many of the attendees include Ben Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and George Washington.
King Louis XVI of France
Daniel Boone begins building the Wilderness Road, so that homesteaders can settle more parts of America.
Thomas Jefferson and other political leaders write the Declaration of Independence to send to the British.
England declares war against the Netherlands
Emperor Joseph II of Austria.
Spain recognizes US independence
US and China begin trading
The French Revolution begins due to the poor not being treated equally.
Thanksgiving Day (aka T-day) established
The war between Russia and Turkey ends
Spain declares war on England.
Was the first treaty concluded by the United States of America and Tripolitania.
The last of Britain's troops leave the USA.
Mungo Park begins Africa exploration
The Union of Great Britain and Ireland
Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned Emperor of France.
Battle of Trafalgar: England defeats both Spain and France at sea.
US Marines attack Tripoli
King Louis XVIII of France
Washington DC is burned by the British
US Marines attack shores of Tripoli
Mexico wins independence from Spain
King Charles X of France
Simon Bolivar named dictator of Peru
The Erie Canal opens
Malden Island is discovered
US Congress approves Indian Territory
End of First Burmese War
The Dutch Trade Company get opium monopoly
The Creek Indians lose all property to the US government
The Russians defeat the Turks
Peter II, the last of Vladiskas Dynasty
France captures Algeria
Richard and John Lander discover the source of the Nile River
Separation of Belgium from the Netherlands
The British take control of the Falkland Islands
The Alamo is fought in Texas
French Foreign Legion founded
Queen Victoria of England
February Revolution-Louis overthrown
California Gold Rush begins
First National Women's Rights convention in US
Commodore Perry opens trade with Japan.
The war in which Russian lost to an alliance of France, the Ottoman Empire, Sardinia, and Britain.
The British proclaim peace with India.
Prince William of Prussia
France declared war on Austria
Burke and Wills explore Australia
Italy proclaimed a kingdom
The Civil War begins in the United States
The United States Civil Wars Occupation and Reconstruction begins.
The Prussian and Italian alliance against Austria.
The Meiji Dynasty (destroyed by the Shogunte) is restored.
The Revolution in Spain begins
The Invention of Barbed Wire changes the West
The Transcontinental Railroad is complete
The Franco-Prussian War begins
Germany united as an empire
The Ashanti War ended. Yay!
Britain annexes the Fiji Islands
Rebellion in China 0.0
Korea becomes an independent nation
Battle of Little Bighorn
Yellow Fever Epidemic in Tennessee
Oklahoma Land Run
Oklahoma Land Runs
Fritjof Nansen crosses the Arctic Ocean
Korea and Japan declare war on China
Cuba fights Spain for its independence
Russia and China sign the Manchurian Convention
Turkey declares war on Greece
A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the US
Battle of Thessalie: Turkish army beats Greece
The USA declares war on Spain over Cuba
Max Planck formulates the quantum theory
Sire Arthur Evans discovered Knossus
The US goes on gold standard for currency
The British take North Nigeria
American occupation of Cuba ended
Tsarists troops fire on Bloody Sunday demonstrators
Race riots start in Atlanta, Georgia
Einstein formulates the Theory of Relativity and more
Belgium King Leopold claims Congo as personal possession
U.S troops occupy Cuba
Maria Montessori opens her first school
England and France agree on Siamese independence
Hermann Minkowski formulates four-dimensional geometry
South Africa is established
We do not see any specific accomplishments in mathematics from 1908 onward, but we do recognize that all advances in computer, space technology, and physics are directly due to mathematics.
The Civil War in Honduras begins
The Revolution in Portugal begins
Japan annexes Korea
Revolution in Central China
The Turks and the Italians fight each other
The Balkan War begins and ends
World War I the world collide and fight each other for freedom
The US declines membership in the League of Nations
The League of Nations is established
End of the Russian Civil War
American Women fight for their right to vote
American women win the right to vote
King Faisall of Iraq
Britain recognizes the Kingdom of Egypt
Mussolini forms a Fascist government
The Soviet states form the USSR
Greece is proclaimed a republic
Lebanon becomes a republic
The Soviet Union exiles Leon Trotsky
USSR signs Braind-Kellogg pact
Vatican City becomes a sovereign state
Nazi revolution in Germany
Spanish Civil War
Hans Albrecht Bethe explains nuclear energy
Leo Szilard- explains nuclear chain reaction
World War II
Pearl Harbor bombed by the Japanese
The United States declares war with Japan
the first atomic bomb is dropped
The United Nations is formed and established
Ghandi is assassinated
Jewish state of Israel established
Apartheid established in South Africa
Ho Chi Minh begins offensive against French troops in Indo China
Israeli Knesset resolves Jerusalem is capital of Israel
India becomes a republic free from Britain
The USSR & Communist China sign a peace treaty
Us signs military assistance pact with Vietnam
Britain recognizes Communist China
The Us goes to war against Vietnam. The movie "Apocalypse Now" is based on this war.
Israel demands compensation from Germany
Modern Egypt is established
Marshal Tito is president of Yugoslavia
The USSR ends war with Germany
Sudan becomes independent
European Common Market established
Fidel Castro takes leadership of Cuba
Belgian Congo granted independence
Communists build the Berlin Wall
US & Japan sign joint defense treaty
European Free Trade association forms in Stockholm
Bay of Pigs- unsuccessful invasion of Cuba
Uganda and Tanganyika become independent
Kenya becomes an independent republic
The Civil Rights Movement begin
Zanzibar and Tanganyika join as Tanzania
President Johnson's "Great Society" address
Revolution in Algeria
Gambia becomes independent
Indira Gandhi becomes Prime Minister of India
Six Day War between Israel and Arab nations
Fighting in North Ireland between Protestants and Catholics
Israel & Egypt sign weapons accord
Israel signs an agreement with European Economic Market
Ethiopia ends monarchy after 3000 years
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat visits Israel
Military junta take control of Honduras
Iranian terrorists seize US embassy in Tehran
Soviet Union invades Afghanistan
Iraq and Iran at war
US ends grain embargo with USSR
Israel drives out the PLO
First cell phone network
Syria frees US pilot after appeal from Jesse Jackson
Jordan King Hussein & PLO leader Arafat sign accord
The Government of the Philippines is overthrown
Portugal signs agreement to return Macau to China
Anti-Armenian pogrom in Azerbaijan
Akhito becomes emperor of Japan
Iraq invades Kuwait
Persian Gulf Crisis
Sandanista government voted out of Nicaragua
Berlin Wall is torn down
Antarctica is designated as a world park
Soviet Union dissolves into 12 independent republics
The US stops nuclear weapons testing
NAFTA: North American Free Trade Agreement
Terrorist attack on the Federal Building in Oklahoma City
Czech Republic applies for membership of the European Union
Congress passes Communications Decency Act
UK & US sign comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
Hong Kong returned to China
Panama Canal returned to Panama
First inter-Korean summit
Israel withdraws from Lebanon
September 11th attack on the United States.
US invades Afghanistan
N. Korea admits developing a nuclear bomb
World wide protest against war in Iraq
Osama bin Laden takes responsibility for 9/11
China's manned spacecraft orbits earth
Hurricane Katrina flattens New Orleans, LA
AIDS virus vaccine developed
Gulf of Mexico oil spill
Earthquake and tsunami in Japan
NASA discontinues Space Shuttle program
Invented the multi-stage rocket
GM research team develop air bags
The first personal computer, the Altair F
Nano balls are discovered
Digital Video discs invented and sold to the public
The first smart phone: Nokia
Google: Larry Page & Sergey Brin invented it and its a web-based search engine
Napster: Invented by Sean Parker its a music sharing site
Paypal: Invented by Elon Musk it is a website that can securely transfer money using a recipient's email address.
eHarmony.com: Invented by Neil Clark Warren & George Forgatch it is an online dating service.
Wikipedia: Founded by Jimmy Wales & Larry Sanger its an open source web-based free online encyclopedia
created by Jonathan abrams was a pioneer to social networking
Created by Reid Hoffman and is a professional network
Created by Niklas Zennstrom. It is a voice/ video instant messaging site
created by Tom Anderson and Chris DeWolf. You could use different identities on this website and connect with people.
Created by Mark Zuckerberg, is a social networking site
Created by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jaued Karim. It is a place where users can upload videos for people to watch.
Created by Jack Dorsey, is a microblogging/ social networking service
Apple IPhone arrives and is an advanced smart phone
Created by Amazon, is an e-reader
iPad arrives in the USA