Airlines

Main

SCADTA

12/5/1919

Columbian airline (first in Americas), second in the world. Used Junkers seaplanes

Lindbergh is barnstorming

1923

"Barnstorming", ie flying to podunk towns and giving people plane rides for money. Age 21, but his ambitions reached much higher. He envisioned and researched areas to build future "airports" with "planes radiating in all directions".

Lindbergh NY-Paris

5/21/1927

25-yo airmail pilot, motivated by $27k prize surrounded by advertising interests. Became a massive celebrity. His return created the "Lindy hop".

Deregulation

10/24/1978

People

William Boeing

10/1/1881 - 9/28/1956

Juan Trippe

6/27/1899 - 4/3/1981

Pan Am
Born rich, went to Yale, named after "Juanita" (not Cuban at all). Was present at Lindbergh's ticker-tape parade, got in contact with him, convinced him to join.

C.R. Smith

9/9/1899 - 5/4/1990

CEO American Airlines

Charles Lindbergh

2/4/1902 - 8/26/1974

Pan Am with Juan Trippe

Howard Hughes

12/24/1905 - 4/5/1976

Government

Pres Woodrow Wilson

5/4/1913 - 5/4/1921

Pres Warren G Harding

5/4/1921 - 8/2/1923

Pres Calvin Coolidge

8/2/1923 - 5/4/1929

Pres Herbert Hoover

5/4/1929 - 5/4/1933

Pres Franklin D Roosevelt

5/4/1933 - 4/12/1945

Pres Harry S Truman

4/12/1945 - 1/20/1953

Pres Dwight D Eisenhower

1/20/1953 - 1/20/1961

Pres JFK

1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963

Pres Lyndon B. Johnson

11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969

Pres Richard Nixon

1/20/1969 - 8/9/1974

Pres Gerald Ford

8/9/1974 - 1/20/1977

Pres Jimmy Carter

1/20/1977 - 1/20/1981

Pres Ronald Reagan

1/20/1981 - 1/20/1989

Pres George H W Bush

1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993

Engineering

Junkers

1895

Initially started making boilers and radiators

Wright Brothers' flight

1903

Junkers' "flying wing" patent

1910

Junkers J-1

1/18/1916

First all-metal aircraft

Boeing Aircraft

4/1917

("B&W") William Boeing and George Westervelt created the wooden Boeing Model 1, sold 50 to the Navy, then started airmail contracts

First pressurized flight

1921

Using an enclosed, pressurized modified version of an open-air biplane (DH9A), test conducted by the US. Later (1931) the Junkers Ju49 was the first aircraft designed from the start to operate at high altitudes (pressurized cabin).

Ford Trimotor

6/11/1926

Tech

Resorvisor

1946

American Airlines' electronic reservation board, replacing the old system of index cards representing flights.

Magnetronic Resorvisor

1952

Installed at La Guardia airport for American Airlines, inspired by the magnetic drum tech in Howard Aiken's Harvard Mark I. Took 1.2 seconds/query and could store info for 1000 flights. A number of Resorvisors were sold to other airlines and other industries like train reservations.

Reserwriter

1958

The reservisor only stored flight capacity information. Passenger information had to be correlated by-hand. The reserwriter, created through an IBM collaboration, allowed this information to be stored on punched cards to be associated with the flight information.

SAGE

06/26/1958

First real-time system, built to monitor soviet missiles and provide US command and control capabilities. Cost more than the Manhatten project.

SABRE

1960

Contracted for American Airlines, went online with two IBM 7090s.

PARS

1968

Programmed Airline Reservation System, the generalization of earlier reservations systems by IBM. It was created for the System/360, thus could scale to different sizes of airlines.

ACP

1969

ACP (Airline Control Program) was the OS for PARS, developed out of SABRE. In 69, it was refactored into a standalone component aside PARS.

TPF

1979

IBM's generalized aircraft reservation system evolved into a generalized "transaction processing" system, TPF (Transaction Processing Facility). This generalized real-time networked processing system is used by hotels, 911 emergency lines, credit card processing, etc.