Authority: Ministry of Education (federal government) in addition to local and municipal governments.
Overall government decentralization started in 2001 and has been partially applied to education, with time allotted for regional curriculum. Some aspects of administration are decentralized but there is mostly still a national curriculum.
Language: 2003 law requires government to provide education to indigenous peoples.
Quechua and Aymara included as official languages alongside Spanish in districts where they are predominant.
School materials provided in 14 indigenous languages.
Students: A 1993 law increased obligatory education to include initial and secondary schooling as well as primary schooling.
Numerous reforms have increased access to non-formal education, special education, and adult education. Initiatives to promote girls' education have been largely effective.
Peru has achieved 96% attendance at primary school.
A new General Education Law in 2003 established ethics, inclusion, democracy, and intercultural sensitivity as goals for all education levels.
Reforms in 2006 instituted a system of teacher evaluation that influences their jobs and pay, against vehement resistance from powerful teachers' unions.