Norway becomes a democracy 1800-1884

A timeline of the first part of the presentation about Norway

Social and educational

British blocade

1807 - 1814

After the bombing of Copenhagen in 1807, which resulted in Denmark joining Napoleon. Norway foun herself in a grain embargo imposed by the United Kingdom.

-Piracy on the Norwegian coast
-Terje Vigen (Henrik Ibsen)
-Starvation

Union with Sweden - social implications

august 14, 1814

Norway were granted more freedom than during the union with Denmark.

In administrative aspects the countries were relatively independent.

Emigration

Important events when it comes to the emigration from Norway to the US

Political

Political movements, events and founding of political parties

1833 elections

1833

In the 1833 elections the peasant's representatives together with bourgeois liberals formed a majority in the Storting (the Norwegian parliament)

The election results were linked to increased political interest which followed the June revolution in France

Constitutional changes

Everything related to the constitution and law reforms

Constitution

May 17, 1814

The Norwegian constitution was adopted on the 16th of May 1814 and signed and dated the 17th of May by the Constituent Assembly at Eidsvoll.

The constitution was considered to be one of the most radical democratic constitutions in the world at the time. Norway was the first Nordic country to adopt such a democratic constitution.

The constitution is today the oldest single-document constitution in Europe and the second oldest in the world.

Although the constitution was highly democratic it can be seen from a modern perspective as both sexist and racist
-Jews were not allowed entrance to the Norwegian realm
-Neither was Jesuit priests and monks

The constitution granted suffrage to men over 25. the men who were allowed to vote were state officials, burghers and peasants who owned property more than a stipulated amount. This included about 40% of men older than 25.

Union with Sweden - Constitution amended

August 14, 1814

The Moss convention resulted in the Norwegian constitution being accepted by the Swedish King. However it needed to be amended to fit the union. All changes where accepted by the Norwegian parliament.

The Local Government Laws

1837

(Formannskapslovene)

Allowing the residents of each municipality to elect representatives to local committees, municipal council and executive committees of local councils.

More people became interested in politics, and this resulted in general increase in the understanding of how democratic processes worked in the Storting.

"Friends of the Peasants"-movement

1865

The first local branch of the Friends of the peasants was established by Søren Jaabæk.

The friends of the peasants organized electoral supporters , and promoted stronger local democracy and the elections of peasants to the Storting.

General

Kiel armistice

January 14, 1814

Denmark forced to relinquish Norway following the Napoleonic Wars.

Norway was to become a part of the Swedish kingdom.

When the News reached Norway, it gave rise to a Norwegian independence movement. During the Constituent assembly at Eidsvoll the Danish prins Christian Fredrik was elected king.

Swedish-Norwegian War of 1814

june 26, 1814 - august 10, 1814

Convention of Moss

August 14, 1814

A cease fire agreement between the Norwegian government and the Swedish King as a result of the Swedish-Norwegian war of 1814

Following the attempt to make Norway a sovereign state, Swedish forces marched in to Norway.

Norway had to concede that the Swedish forces, which had the support of major forces such as Britain, were superior to the Norwegian divisions.

The Swedish King did not recognize Christian Fredrik as king of Norway, so the convention was signed by two of his ministers Nils Aall and Jonas Collett.

Christian Fredrik had to abandon all claims to the Norwegian crown and leave the country.