Unit 3 (1824 - 1848)

Jacksonian Era

Main

White mans suffrage

1828

Allows states to drop the land owning requirement

Jackson wins

1828

68% electoral vote

Jackson election victory

1832

Everybody loves him
electoral college 77%

Facts

The second great awakening

1790 - 1840

2nd Great Awakening was fueled by millennialism and Arminianism (Challenges views on pre destination). People begin looking at themselves because of the view that you can lose or gain your way into heaven causing all sorts of communities and actions driven by people who wanted to stop smoking, alcohol etc. Also people begin looking at slavery (Abolitionism), the treatment of mentally disabled people. Multitudes of different religions popped up and most people became converts of one kind or another. Mostly Methodist and Baptist. Different Communities were founded to be homes for outcasts such as the mormons who founded salt lake city. Free public education was founded in 1825 - 1850. There was a form of AA called the temperance society to help people with drinking problems. Women gained more rights and freedom. Invention and science were becoming more common and the arts were becoming more common as well.

1819 - 1824 court cases

1819

All are about federal authority vs states rights

Dartmouth v. Woodward

1819

State is trying to make a private college public, they failed. Webster was an alumni of Dartmouth

John Marshall

1819

He was the chief justice and he was federalist

Maryland v. Mcculloch

1819

Maryland tries to tax the BUS and fail because the federal power is supreme

Ante-Bellum Period

1820 - 1860

Essentially the 40 years before the civil war

  1. 2nd great awakening causes the reform movements

  2. Westward expansion causes the oregon territory and the mexican cessation

  3. Growth of democracy causes universal white man suffrage

  4. Sectionalism causes economic, political and social divides

BUS

1823

Tear down the BUS because it gives power to the rich

Gibbons v. Ogden

1824

Dealt with interstate commerce
It said that only the federal government had the power to regulate interstate commerce

Tariff 1828 (The tariff of abomination)

1828

Tax on imported british goods
Opposed by the southerners because the north and west want to start the american system

Maysville Road Bill

1830

Clay supports a bill to build a road in his state. Jackson vetoes the bill because he does not like Clay, and he uses the argument that federal money cannot be used for roads that are not interstate.

Dorthea Dix

1830

Helped mental (mentally handicapped / insane) people

1833 Tariff Compromise

1833

Tariff goes down by 10% each year

The Force Bill

1833

Jackson aligns with webster to attempt to nullify the attempt to cancel the tariff by south. He sends the U.S military to south carolina to collect the tariff because the state refused. This happens because although jackson is aligned with the south, the south is threatening the integrity of the U.S and therefore they are an enemy

Texas Annexation

1836

People from the south went west into mexico and ignore their laws. Mexico fights them but they win. Texas becomes a small state with plans to be annexed by the U.S. This would ignite sectionalism and jackson does not allow this.

Election

1840

William Henry Harrison (Democrat) vs. Van Buren (Whig)
First modern election because both political parties will appeal to the common man using parties and doing different things.
Whigs say that harrison is a hick and he turns it around and makes them seem like the elite. "Sitting in a log cabin drinking cider"

Wilmot Proviso

1846

Any funding for the military, and any land gained from the war in mexico will not allow slavery

1846 Wilmot Proviso (Failed)

1846

Northern politicians try to keep slavery out of any territory gained from mexico in a future war

Antebellum Sectionalism

1848

With all the new land forming what is now the U.S. political power wondered how to split power

  1. Political Power: Representation in House and Senate (Slave vs. Free States) a. 3/5ths Compromise: Representation in House b. Representation in the Senate:
    • 1820 Missouri Compromise
    • The delay in the Texas annexation (Lone Star Republic: 1836-1845) -1850 Compromise on California
    • 1854 Kansas Nebraska Act: "Popular Sovereignty"
  2. Economic Power: Tariffs - Manufacturing vs. Cash Crop Economy a. The Tariff of 1828 (Tariff of Abomination) b. Compromise of 1833 - Use of federal force to enforce tariff in South Carolina is avoided. Issue of "nullification" (* also see a states rights issue)
  3. States Rights vs. Federal Power: Nullification Response a. Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions (1789 -9) attempts to nullify b. Hartford Convention (1814) attempt to nullify c. Marshall Court Rulings: McCulloch vs. Maryland, Dartmouth vs. Woodward, Gibbons vs. Ogden
  4. Slaver: The issue that includes all; The political, the economic, and the States Rights vs. Federal Power Issues 1793 -Eli Whitneys Cotton "Gin"; What effect did it have on slavery? (Caused people to begin growing cotton because it became so lucrative) a. Economic Necessity for the South? Role of geography? b. Highly motivated abolition movement springs from the 2nd great awakening c. Uncle toms cabin (Harriet Beecher Stowe, 1852), popularizes the need to abolish the "Peculiar Institution" in the South.

The treaty of guadalupe hidalgo

1848

Bought land from mexico after beating them in war.

1850 Compromise

1850

The southerners bar california becoming a state which is against the constitution, to appease them the FSL is created.
California becomes a Free-State
South is given a strong Fugitive Slave law (Federal Law)