Ancient History Timeline

By Matthew Gedeon

Sumerians

Jemdet Nasr period

3100 BC - 2900 BC

Gilgamesh

2600 BC

First Dynasty of Lagash

2500 BC

Akkadian Empire

2334 BC - 2218 BC

Sargon 1

2334 BC - 2279 BC

Urukagina

2275 BC

Second Dynasty of Lagash

2260 BC - 2110 BC

Third Dynasty of Ur

2150 BC - 1950 BC

Gutian period

2147 BC - 2047 BC

Fifth Dynasty of Uruk

2055 BC - 2048 BC

Hammurabi

1792 BC - 1750 BC

Egyptians

Archaic (Dynasty I-II)

3100 BC - 2685 BC

Menes

3100 BC

Could have also been between 2980 BC and 2475 BC

Old Kingdom (Dynasty III-VI)

2685 BC - 2180 BC

Djoser

2670 BC

Khufu

2580 B.C

Very Approximate.

First Intermediate Period

2180 BC - 2040 BC

Middle Kingdom (Dynasties XI-XII)

2040 BC - 1785 BC

Second Intermediate Period

1785 BC - 1580 BC

New Kingdom

1580 BC - 1070 BC

Dates are in Unger when available.

Ahmose 1

1580 BC - 1557 BC

Probably Moses Pharoh

Hyksos driven out

1579 BC

Thutmose 1

1526 BC - 1508 BC

Hatshepsut

1504 BC - 1482 BC

Only queen of Egypt.

Thutmose 3

1490 BC - 1445 BC

Amenhotep 2

1445 BC - 1425 BC

Thutmose 4

1425 BC - 1412 BC

Amenhotep 3

1412 BC - 1375 BC

Akhenaten

1375 BC - 1359 BC

Ramesses 2

1279 BC - 1213 BC

Ramesses 3

1186 BC - 1155 BC

Necho 2

610 BC - 595 BC

Hebrews

Life of Abraham

2166 BC - 1991 BC

Life of Joseph

1918 BC - 1805 BC

Life of Moses

1520 BC - 1400 BC

Life of Joshua

1482 BC - 1372 BC

EXODUS

1440 BC

Period of Judges

1370 BC - 1020 BC

Benjamin Decimation

1300 BC

Approximate date

Saul

1020 BC - 1000 BC

United Kingdom of Israel

1020 BC - 931 BC

David

1000 BC - 960 BC

Solomon

960 BC - 931 BC

Southern Kingdom of Israel

931 BC - 587 BC

Northern Kingdom of Israel

931 BC - 722 bc

Northern Kingdom captured by Assyria

722 BC

Southern Kingdom captured by Chaldeans

587 BC

Phonecians

Not a single people group.

Conquest of the Sea Peoples

1175 BC

Approximate

Ahiram

1000 BC

Hiram 1

969 BC - 936 BC

Pygmalion of Tyre

820 BC - 774 BC

Pygmalion founds Carthage

814 BC

Hittites

Hittite Empire

1600 BC - 1178 BC

Hattusili 1

1586 BC - 1556 BC

Tudhaliya 1

1430 BC - 1400 BC

Suppiluliuma 1

1344 BC - 1322 BC

Hittite and Egyptian treaty

1267 BC

Tudhaliya 4

1237 BC - 1209 BC

Suppiluliuma II

1207 BC - 1178 BC

Assyrians

Enlil-nirari

1329 BC - 1308 BC

Shalmaneser I

1274 BC - 1245 BC

Tiglath-Pileser 1

1114 BC - 1076 BC

Neo-Assyrian Empire

911 BC - 612 BC

Adad-nirari 2

911 BC - 891 BC

Ashurnasirpal

884 BC - 859 BC

Shalmaneser 3

859 BC - 824 BC

Tiglath-Pileser 3

746 BC - 728 BC

Sargon 2

722 BC - 705 BC

Sennacherib

705 BC - 681 BC

Ashurbanipal

668 BC - 626 BC

Fall of Nineveh

612 BC

Chaldeans

Nabopolassar

658 BC - 605 BC

Neo-Babylonian Empire

626 BC - 539 BC

Nebuchadnezzar 2

605 BC - 562 BC

Nabonidus and Belshazzar

556 BC - 539 BC

Fall of Babylonian Empire

539 BC

Persians

Reign of Achaemenes

705 BC - 675 BC

Cyrus

559 BC - 530 BC

Achaemenid Empire

550 BC - 330 BC

Darius 1

522 BC - 486 BC

Battle of Marathon

490 BC

Xerxes 1

486 BC - 465 BC

Artaxerxes 2

405 BC - 359 BC

Darius 3

336 BC - 330 BC

Greeks

Karanus

808 BC - 778 BC

Macedonian Civilization

800 BC - 146 BC

Perdiccas 1

700 BC - 678 BC

Phillip 2 of Macedon

359 BC - 336 BC

Alexander the great

336 BC - 323 BC