Jack V WHAP Timeline

Social

Sappho

600 B.C.E

A poet who Promoted literacy among young women of multiple social and economic classes. (Greeks)

Confucius

551 B.C.E. - 479 B.C.E.

The first Chinese thinker to address social concerns. Focused on the idea of junzi, superior individuals who would lead society with high moral and ethical standards. (China)

life of Socrates

470 B.C.E. - 399 B.C.E.

His death at the hands of a jury of Athenian citizens would spark an array of people to follow his philosophical lead as well as portray the fears during the classical period pertaining to unique thoughts. (Greeks)

Period of the Warring States

403 B.C.E. - 221 B.C.E.

The chaos that came at the end of the Zhou dynasty. It resulted in a wave of new ideas and philosophies in China. (China)

Shang Yang

390 B.C.E. - 338 B.C.E.

one of the key contributors to Legalism. Legalism promoted an efficient approach to state craft that ended the chaos that followed the Warring States Period. (China)

Civil War in Rome

87 B.C.E

Gaius Marius takes control of the capital. Sulla takes his place, however, he is not fit to deal with the people and the social problems of Rome. (Romans)

Rule of Agustus

31 B.C.E - 14 C.E.

He was able to stabilize the empire after the Civil War. (Romans)

Jesus of Nazareth

4 B.C.E. - 30 C.E.

The center of the christian faith. His relations with the Roman government portrayed the Roman capacity to end unifying ideals. (Romans)

Paul of Tarsus

0 C.E - 100 C.E

Spread the ideas of Christianity to the urban Roman masses. (Romans)

Later Han Dynasty

25 C.E. - 220 C.E.

Social tension grew higher in the later Han dynasty. Economic expansion on the Silk Roads resulted in further inequality in China. This would lead to rebellions such as the Yellow Turban Uprising. (China)

Political

Acheamenid Dynasty

558 B.C.E. - 330 B.C.E.

The first of the four major dynasties to maintain control over Southwest Asia. Cyrus was the first ruler of this dynasty. (Persia)

Cyrus

558 B.C.E. - 530 B.C.E.

The unlikely candidate. He rebelled against the Median overlord and by 548 B.C.E he had all of Iran within his power. (Persia)

Darius

521 B.C.E. - 485 B.C.E.

Greatest Achaemenid emperor. Most well known for his powerful administration. His establishment of the Satrapies would change Persia. (Persia)

Establishment of the Roman Republic

509 B.C.E.

The establishment of this republic to replace the monarchy would lead to conflicts between the upper class Patricians and the common populous of Plebeians. (Romans)

Alexander of Macedon's conquest of the Achaemenids.

334 B.C.E. - 330 B.C.E.

The Persian Wars ended when Alexander the Great took Persepolis. portrayed himself as a successor to the Achaemenids Paid his respects at Cyrus’s tomb after taking Persepolis. (Persia)

Invasion of India by Alexander the Great

327 B.C.E.

This invasion would create a political vacuum in India that would be filled by the kingdom of Magadha. (India)

Former Han Dynasty

206 B.C.E. - 9 C.E.

The early Han Dynasty was most notable for its centralization of the government under Han Wudi. Under Han Wudi the empire expanded into Vietnam and Korea. (China)

Rule of Julius Caesar

46 B.C.E - 44 B.C.E

Sulla does not see Julius as a threat so he takes control as the dictator. His focus is social reform. (Romans)

Reign of Wang Mang

9 C.E. - 23 C.E.

Created a long period of Reform. Anounced in 9 C.E. that the mandate of heaven had been moved from the Han family to his. (China)

Sasanid dynasty

224 C.E. - 652 C.E.

Came from Persia and claimed to be descendants of the Achaemeninds. They toppled the Parthians and returned the empire to the splendor that it held under the Achaemenids. Expanded into Bactria. (Persia)

Interactions

Leadership of Pericles

443 B.C.E. - 429 B.C.E.

He provided employment for thousands of people with jobs involving the construction of buildings and other infrastructure. His legislation in this regard allowed the population of Athens to expand. (Greeks)

Plato

430 B.C.E. - 347 B.C.E.

Plato, the disciple of Socrates, devises the Form of Ideas as a way to understand the natural world around us. (Greeks)

Aristotle

384 B.C.E. - 322 B.C.E.

The disciple of Plato, he disagreed with the Form of ideas. He focused more so on the scientific and logical aspects of philosophy. (Greeks)

Mauryan Dynasty

321 B.C.E. - 185 B.C.E.

Ashoka Maurya expands the economy after creating a stable state under the Mauryan dynasty. Agriculture flourishes in India. (India)

Parthian dynasty

247 B.C.E - 224 C.E.

Coincide partially with the Seleucids. They expanded into Mesopotamia and transitioned from a nomadic lifestyle to a agricultural lifestyle. This transition in how they interacted with the environment allowed them to focus on expansion. in the third century B.C.E. they revolted against the Seleucids. (Persia)

Trevels of Zhang Qian

139 B.C.E - 126 B.C.E

These travels would represent the importance of the silk roads as a medium for the spread of ideas by people through their environment. (China)

Kushan Empire in India

1 C.E. - 300 C.E.

Nomadic peoples displace Bactrian rule in India. The Kushan empire played a critical role in the expansion of the Silk Roads by allowing for peaceful travel by merchants. (India)

The Yellow Turban Uprising

184 C.E.

the burden of taxes in the Han dynasty was shifted to the peasants. This small farmers and peasants had little influence and therefore rebelled. The yellow turbans symbolized the Earth. (China)

Gupta Dynasty

320 C.E. - 550 C.E.

The Guptas rise above the Kushans due to ambition. Political stability allows for outstanding advancements in science and mathematics. (India)

Fall of the Roman Empire

476 C.E

This fall would draw in a new era in which people would have a whole new relationship and understanding of the world around them. (Romans)

Cultural

Zarathustra

700 B.C.E. - 600 B.C.E.

Life of the founder of Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrianism would became an important part of the rationalization for the power of Darius as well as an important part of Persian society. (Persia)

Laozi

600 B.C.E - 500 B.C.E

according to Chinese tradition he wrote the Daodejing . The Daodejing was most likely written by multiple people however. This was the central text of Daoism, which directly opposed Confucianism and was based on trying to understand natural principles. (China)

Siddhartha Gautama

563 B.C.E - 468 B.C.E

Left his family to seek enlightenment. According to legend after sitting under the bo tree in Bodh Gaya for 49 days he understood the problem of suffering and became Buddha or the enlightened one. (India)

Invasion of India by Darius

520 B.C.E.

This conquest introduced local rulers to the Persian form Administration. An early example of two empires exchanging cultures through conquest. (India)

Persian Wars

500 B.C.E. - 479 B.C.E.

A.series of battles that extended back and forth between the Persians and the Athenians. These battles would have a lasting effect on the relations between these two empires. (Greeks)

Darius's invasion of Greece.

490 B.C.E.

This invasion would initiate the Persian war's and have a long effect on the relations between the Greeks and Persians. (Greeks)

Reign of Alexander of Macedon

336 B.C.E. - 323 B.C.E.

His vast empire would eventually be divided into the Hellenistic empires. The influence of these empires would extend across Eurasia creating a culturally diverse connection across the area.

Spread of Buddhism and Hinduism to Southeast Asia

300 B.C.E - 200 B.C.E

This religious spread would have a powerful effect on the political and cultural societies of Southeast Asia.

Bactrian rule in northern India.

182 B.C.E. - 1 C.E.

After the fall of the Mauryan Empire the Bactrians took control of India. This promoted cross cultural interaction between India, the Mediterranean and China. (India)

Reign of Kanishka

78 C.E. - 103 C.E.

Facilitated cross cultural interactions between India and the lands to the north by strengthening commerce. (India)

Economic

Era of the Polis

800 B.C.E - 338 B.C.E

These commercial centers would grow and expand economically and become the centers of early Greek society. (Greeks)

The Olympic Games and Panhellenic festivals

776 B.C.E.

events such as these expressed the wealth of the Greeks and helped create a national identity for the empire. (Greeks)

Peloponnesian War

431 B.C.E. - 404 B.C.E.

The poleis divided under Athens and Sparta. Hegemony would eventually be passed to the Spartan side, this would weaken Athens' economic power in the region as Macedonia grew in the North.

Philip II of Macedon

359 B.C.E. - 336 B.C.E.

The connection between Macedon and the poleis brought wealth to Macedon. After the Peloponnesian Wars left the poleis divided Philip II to the opportunity to take the poleis he had economically relied on. (Greeks)

Seleucid dynasty

323 B.C.E - 83 B.C.E

Under this dynasty following Alexander the Great cities flourished and as a result so did the trade within the region. (Persia)

Roman Expansion into the Mediterranean.

264 B.C.E. - 146 B.C.E.

The extension of Roman influence into the Mediterranean would lead to an explosion of see trade. (Romans)

Qin Dynasty

221 B.C.E. - 207 B.C.E.

Under Qin Shihuangdi the economy of China expanded and allowed them to focus on Military expansion. This economic power would allow China to be unified as one state under the Qin Dynasty. (China)

Silk Roads

200 B.C.E. - 300 C.E.

Strings of trade routes by both land and see that allowed Eurasia to grow both economically and culturally.

Decay in Han Dynasty

100 C.E. - 200 C.E.

Factions in officials erupted due to the increase in number of those with an elite status. (China)

Constantinople

330 C.E.

This new capital would become a bustling hub for the expansion of trade and ideas. (Romans)