American Studies 78's

Periods 7 & 8

Main

American Literature 1900-1920

created by: rachel bostick

Thomas Jefferson

1803

Christian Balelia

Thomas Jefferson purchases the french territory of the lousiana for about 15million,from Napoleon.

Ralph Waldo Emerson

May 25, 1803

rachel bostick

Lewis and clarck

1804

Christian Balelia

Lewis and clark are sent by Jefferson to explore the Louisiana purchase

Henry David Thoreau

1817

Walden- 1854

rachel bostick

Missouri Compromise

1820

Christian Balelia

The Missouri compromise allows main to enter the union as a free state and Missouri to enter as a slave state. Maintaining the balance between northern state and souther states

Emily Dickinson

1830

rachel bostick

Cherooke

1830

Christian Balelia

The Indian removal act of 1830 attemppt to remove the cherokee Indians and other "Civilised Indians" from their land

Mark Twain

Nov. 30, 1835

rachel bostick

Paul Laurence Dunbar

1872 - 1906

mason craig

robert frost

1874 - 1963

mason craig

Naturalism (America)

1901 - 1914

Genre/Style:
short story, novel
characters usually lower class or lower middle class
fictional world is commonplace and unheroic; everyday life is a dull round of daily existence
characters ultimately emerge to act heroically or adventurously with acts of violence, passion, and/or bodily strength in a tragic ending

rachel bostick

Langston Hughes

February 1, 1902

rachel bostick

W.E.B. Du Bois - Ashley Schilling

1903

The Souls of Black Folk is published in 1903.

A Dog's Tale by Mark Twain

1904

rachel bostick

King Leopold's Soliloquy

1905

rachel bostick

Edith Wharton - Ashley Schilling

1905

Published the House of Mirth in 1905

The Jungle

1906

Written by Upton Sinclair

rachel bostick

The Jungle - Ashley Schilling

1906

The Jungle by Upton Sinclair is published in 1906.

Henry Adams - Ashley Schilling

1911

Published The Life of George Cabot Lodge in 1911.

Sister Carrie - Ashley Schilling

1912

Sister Carrie by Theodore Dreiser is published in 1912.

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

1915

by T.S. Eliot, American writer

rachel bostick

Lusitania Sunk by German U-boat

1915

At 1:40 p.m. on May 7, 1915, the German U-boat, U-20 launched a torpedo at the British ocean liner RMS Lusitania, off the coast of Southern Ireland. Within 18 minutes, the Lusitania had sunk. The sinking of the Lusitania heightened tensions between the U.S. and Germany and helped sway American opinion in favor of joining World War I.

Raeven Sherels

Mata Hari Executed for Being a Spy

1917

Mata Hari was a Dutch exotic dancer whose frequent border crossings and international companions caused the French to suspect her of spying. She was arrested on February 13, 1917. Early in the morning of October 15, 1917, Mata Hari was led from her cell in the Saint-Lazare prison and driven to the Caserne de Vincennes. After requesting to not be blindfolded, Mata Hari was executed by a 12-man firing squad.

Raeven Sherels

The Spanish Flu Pandemic

1918

In 1918, the garden-variety flu mutated into a deadly virus. This new, lethal virus, which became known as the Spanish flu, swept around the world in three waves, killing an estimated 50 million to 100 million people (the equivalent to 2.7 to 5.5 percent of the world's population).

Raeven Sherels

Will Rogers - Ashley Schilling

1919

Published Rogerisms and The Cowboy Philosopher on Prohibition in 1919.

H.L. Mencken - Ashley Schilling

1919

The American Language is published in 1919.

F. Scott Fitzgerald - Ashley Schilling

1920

This Side of Paradise is published in 1920.

New World Coming Book Published

1920

by Miller, Nathan
- mccallister

Black Georgia In The Progressive Era Book Published

1920

by Dittmer, John
-mccallister

The round table

1921

The Algonquin Round Table, also called THE ROUND TABLE, informal group of American literary men and women who met daily for lunch on weekdays at a large round table in the Algonquin Hotel in New York City during the 1920s and '30s

Charles Chesnutt

1922

Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars
-mccallister

Mark Twain Book

1929

Mark Twain, "The Man that Corrupted Hadleyburg"

American Military Events 1898 - 1920

History of the Nobel Prizes

1833

-A pacifist at heart and an inventor by nature, Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel invented dynamite.
-the invention that he thought would end all wars was seen by many others as an extremely deadly product.
-n 1888, when Alfred's brother Ludvig died, a French newspaper mistakenly ran an obituary for Alfred which called him the "merchant of death."
-Alfred Nobel was born on October 21, 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden.
-Immanuel Nobel, an architect, builder, and inventor, opened a machineshop in St. Petersburg and was soon very successful with contracts from the Russian government to build defense weapons.
shay crawford

rangers are formed

1898 - 2011

history of u.s.militry

1898 - 1920

mobilizations of the National Guard
offshore shows of naval strength
reinforcements of embassy personnel
the use of non-Defense Department personnel (such as the Drug Enforcement Administration)
military exercises
non-combat mobilizations (such as replacing postal strikers)
the permanent stationing of armed forces
covert actions where the U.S. did not play a command and control role
the use of small hostage rescue units
most uses of proxy troops
U.S. piloting of foreign warplanes
foreign or domestic disaster assistance
military training and advisory programs not involving direct combat
civic action programs
and many other military activities.
shay crawford

Spanish-American War

February 15, 1898 - June 1898

GERALD HEARD

Philippine-American War

1899 - 1913

gERALD heard

philipine-american war

1899 - 1902

mason craig

Oklahoma

1907

Oklahoma becomes a state and A major producer of natural gas, oil and agriculture.

Hiram Percy Maxim Patents Silencer

1909

China

1912 - 1941

gerald h

plane mounted machine gun

1912

Jun 7, US army tested the 1st machine gun mounted on a plane.
mason craig

WW1

1914 - 1918

gerald h

World War I - Ashley Schilling

1914

World War I begins.

Vera Cruz - Ashley Schilling

1914

United States troops occupy Vera Cruz.

Haiti - Ashley Schilling

1915

United States troops are sent to Haiti.

WWI - Ashley Schilling

1917

The United States enters WWI.

Soviet Union

1918 - 1920

gerald h

Treaty of Versailles - Ashley Schilling

1918

WWI ends when the Treaty of Versailles is signed.

battle of cantigny

may 1918

mason craig

pearl harbor

1941

mason craig

The Manhatten Project

1942

mason craig

American Presidents 1900-1920

William McKinley

1897 - 1901

25th President of the U.S.

Raeven Sherels

William Mckinley

1897 - 1901

Important Facts
Born in Niles, Ohio, in 1843, McKinley briefly attended Allegheny College, and was teaching in a country school when the Civil War broke out.
He was the 25th President of the United States
Devon Taylor

Teddy Roosevelt

1901

(October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919)
Was the 26th President of the United States

Raeven Sherels

Theodore

1901 - 1909

Theodore Roosevelt

1901 - 1909

Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th President of The United States

Important Facts.
Born Oct 27,1858
As a child he suffered from asthma
He attended Harvard University
He became President at the age 42 taking office at youngest age of any U.S president in history.
He died Jan 6, 1919

Devon Taylor

President Mckinley Dead

September 13 1901

President Mckinley is shot dead by Leon Czolgsz

William Howard Taft

1909 - 1913

William Howard Taft was the 27th president of the United States.

Some other important facts include:
--He was originally from Cincinnati
--He was born in 1857
--graduated for Yale
--He was appointed a Federal circuit judge at 34
--President McKinley sent him to the Philippines in 1900 as chief civil administrator
--President Roosevelt made him Secretary of War, and by 1907 had decided that Taft should be his successor. The Republican Convention nominated him the next year.
--In 1912, when the Republicans renominated Taft, Roosevelt bolted the party to lead the Progressives, thus guaranteeing the election of Woodrow Wilson.

You can find his WhiteHouse.gov bio at this link:
http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williamhowardtaft

Raeven Sherels

William Howard Taft

1909 - 1913

Importand Facts
He was born in 1857b& Graduated from Yale
He was the 27th President Of the United States .
Devon Taylor

•William Howard Taft (1909-13)

1909 - 1913

Woodrow Wilson

1913 - 1921

Important Facts
He was born in Virginia In 1856
He was the 28th President Of the United States
Devon Taylor

•Woodrow Wilson (1913-21)

1913 - 1921

-Wilson was born in Virginia in 1856.
-He married Ellen Louise Axson in 1885.
-He became President of Princeton in 1902
-The Democrats persuaded him to run for Governor of New Jersey in 1910.
-Then in 1912 He was nominated president by Democratic convention.
shay crawford

Warren G. Harding

1920 - 1923

Harding was born near Marion Ohio in 1865. He delivered the nominating address for President Taft at the 1912 Republican Convention. In 1914 he was elected to the Senate. Harry Daugherty Promoted him in 1920. He died 1923 in San Francisco of a heart attack. shay crawford

Warren G. Harding

1921 - 1923

Important facts
He was born Marion , Ohio In 1865
He was the 29th President of the United States
Devon Taylor

Herbert Hoover

1929 - 1933

Important Facts
Born in an Iowa village in 1874, he grew up in Oregon. He enrolled at Stanford University when it opened in 1891, graduating as a mining engineer
He is the 31 President of the United States
Devon Taylor

American Arts 1900-1920

Art Academy

1802

Christian Balelia

The American Art Academy of the fine arts is founded in New York by Mayor Edward livingston

Phily Academy

1805

Christian Balelia

The Pennsylvania Academy of the fine arts is founded in 1805 in Philadelphia by painter charles wilson peales.

The Modernists in Art Reach America

1900 - 1920

-the grammar of beauty
-In April of 1912, at Stieglitz' gallery, paintings done by children were exhibited.
-1913 Armory Show of paintings and sculpture first shown in New York and then in Chicago and Boston.
- Stieglitz kept it going as a personal venture until 1917.
-Robert Henri, The Art Spirit, Lippincott, 1923.] were taking for granted the existence and power of the huge Americana school system.
Shay crawford

The Best american literature

1900 - 1920

-20th edition of the best american poetry series
-Short fiction by black women
-Books of literature
-1900 and 1910 the larger American newspapers changed to the four-column, tabloid style paper.
-The Christian Science Monitor was founded in 1908 and quickly became a popular media reference of its time.
shay crawford

Perle Fine

1908 - 1988

Important Facts
Perle Fine was born in Boston, MA, in 1908
Her interest in art started at early age.
In 1950 she was nominated by Willem de Kooning and then admitted to the 8th Street “Artists’ Club”, located at 39 East 8th Street.
Devon Taylor

Claire Falkenstein

1908 - 1997

Important Facts
Claire Falkenstein was born on July 22, 1908, in Coos Bay, Oregon
was an American sculptor, painter, printmaker, jewelry designer, and teacher, most renowned for her often large-scale abstract metal and glass public sculptures.
Devon Taylor

Roger Tory Peterson

1908 - 1996

Important Facts
Peterson was born in Jamestown, New York, August 28, 1908
was an American naturalist, ornithologist, artist, and educator, and held to be one of the founding inspirations for the 20th century environmental movement.
Devon Taylor

Nicholas Marsicano

1908 - 1991

Important Facts
Nicholas Marsicano was born October 1, 1908, Shenandoah, Pennsylvania.
He was educated at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, and later was accepted at the nearby Barnes Foundation, along with Ralston Crawford. During his years at the Barnes, Marsicano traveled to Europe and North Africa, Mexico, and United States.
American painter and teacher of the New York School, was married to Dancer/Choreagrapher Merle Marsicano. He is survived by his widow, painter Susan Kamen Marsicano.
Nicholas Marsicano, who taught painting and drawing at the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art for 42 years, died at his home in Woodstock, N.Y., last Sunday (January 6, 1991). He was 82 years old.
Devon Taylor

Lee Krasner

1908 - 1984

Important Facts
Krasner was born as Lena Krassner (outside the family she was known as Lenore Krasner) in Brooklyn, New York to Russian Jewish immigrant parents from Bessarabia.
She studied at The Cooper Union and the National Academy of Design, and worked on the WPA Federal Art Project from 1935 to 1943.
Devon Taylor

Helen Lundeberg

1908 - 1999

Important Facts
Lundeberg was born in Chicago. She married California artist Lorser Feitelson, her former teacher. In 1933 they co-founded an art movement called "New Classicism
was an American Post-Surrealist, hard-edge painter
Devon Taylor

Minor White

1908 - 1976

Important Facts
was an American photographer born in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Devon Taylor

Gertrude Abercrombie

1909 - 1977

Important Facts
Abercrombie was born February 17, 1909 in Austin, Texas and was the only child of a pair of travelling opera singers.
was an American painter based in Chicago whose work is noted for its surrealistic imagery. Called "the queen of the bohemian artists," Abercrombie was involved in the Chicago jazz scene[1] and friends with musicians such as Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, and Sarah Vaughan.
Devon Taylor

Leonard Bocour

1910 - 1993

Important Facts
was born on March 18, 1910 in New York City, and he died September 6, 1993.
Around 1933 he formed the New York City based company Bocour Artists Colors. He was the co-developer along with Sam Golden of Magna paint in the late 1940s.
He was a serious art collector, in addition to being a well known paint manufacturer. He collected and owned works by many of his now famous customers
Devon Taylor

Dorothea Tanning

1910

Important Facts
Dorothea Tanning was born and raised in Galesburg, Illinois, She attended Knox College there from 1928-30 before living for several years in Chicago.

By the early 1940s, Tanning was working on her own surreal paintings while she supporting herself as a commercial artist.

She is stil alive & turned 100 in August of 2010

Devon Taylor

Paul Feeley

1910 - 1966

Important Facts
He was an artist and director of the Art Department at Bennington College during the 1950s and early 1960s
His paintings are characterized by bright colors; simple, abstract forms; and symmetrically arranged, but serene, compositions. Clement Greenberg included Feeley’s work in his exhibition Emerging Talent at the Kootz Gallery in 1954, alongside other Color-Field painters like Morris Louis and Kenneth Noland.
Devon Taylor

Franz Kline

1910 - 1962

Important Facts
He was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, attended Girard College, an academy for fatherless boys, attended Boston University, spent summers from 1956-62 painting in Provincetown, Massachusetts, and died in New York City of a rheumatic heart disease. He was married to Elizabeth Vincent Parsons, a British ballet dancer.

He was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, attended Girard College, an academy for fatherless boys, attended Boston University, spent summers from 1956-62 painting in Provincetown, Massachusetts, and died in New York City of a rheumatic heart disease. He was married to Elizabeth Vincent Parsons, a British ballet dancer.
Devon Taylor

Music

1910

The 1910s were called the Ballroom Decade.
-mccallister

Romare Bearden

1911 - 1988

Important Facts
Bearden was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina
In 1929 he graduated from Peabody High School in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He completed his studies at New York University (NYU), graduating with a degree in science and education in 1935.
Bearden grew as an artist not by learning how to create new techniques and mediums, but by his life experiences, and the different decades he created art and the different events that took place completely reshaped his vision of art. He studied under German artist George Grosz at the Art Students League in 1936 and 1937.
Devon Taylor

Will Barnet

1911 - 1965

Important Facts
Born in 1911 in Beverly, Massachusetts, Barnet knew by the age of ten that he wanted to be an artist. As a student he studied with Philip Leslie Hale at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and viewed first-hand John Singer Sargent at work on the murals of the Boston Public Library.

In 1930 Barnet studied at the Art Students League of New York, with Stuart Davis, beginning his long association with the school.

Devon Taylor

Theodore Dreiser - Ashley Schilling

1912

Published The Financier in 1912.

Theodore Roosevelt - Ashley Schilling

1913

Published Progressive Principles in 1913.

Upton Sinclair - Ashley Schilling

1917

Published the muckrakers book King Coal.

The Jazz Singer

1927

Al Jolson - Mammy "Black Face" (The Jazz Singer) 1927
Blackface is a form of theatrical makeup used in minstrel shows, and later vaudeville, in which performers create a stereotyped caricature of a black person. Blackface was an important performance tradition in the American theater for roughly 100 years beginning around 1830. It quickly became popular overseas, particularly so in Britain, where the tradition lasted longer than in the US, occurring on primetime TV as late as 1978 (The Black and White Minstrel Show)[4] and 1981.[5] In both the United States and Britain, blackface was most commonly used in the minstrel performance tradition, but it predates that tradition, and it survived long past the heyday of the minstrel show. White blackface performers in the past used burnt cork and later greasepaint or shoe polish to blacken their skin and exaggerate their lips, often wearing woolly wigs, gloves, tailcoats, or ragged clothes to complete the transformation. Later, black artists also performed in blackface.
Video of what actually happened: http://youtu.be/24sB2hxrU3g

Raeven Sherels

Important Events 1900-1920

Washing D.C. becomes the capitol of the United States

1800

Progressive era

1890 - 1913

-1890s, the belief that Americans should avoid getting involved with other countries was slowly fading.
-U.S. had become a major world power.
-Cuban rebels began a violent revolution against Spanish rule in 1895,
-a mysterious explosion sunk the U.S.S. Maine in the Havana harbor
-U.S. entered into what diplomat John Hay called "a splendid little war" with Spain.
-Spanish-American War ended relatively soon, issues over ownership of the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and the Hawaiian islands also had to be resolved.
shay crawford

Progressive Era

1890 - 1920

A period of social activism, women's suffrage was promoted to bring a "purer" female vote into the arena. A second theme was achieving efficiency in every sector by identifying old ways that needed modernizing, and emphasizing scientific, medical and engineering solutions.
-mccallister

Colorado is the first state granting women the right to vote

1893

The First Airplane Crash

1900

-It had only been five years since Orville and Wilbur Wright made their famous flight at Kitty Hawk.
-By 1908, the Wright brothers were traveling across the United States and Europe in order to demonstrate their flying machine.
-Everything went well until that fateful day in September that began with a cheering crowd of 2,000 and ended with pilot Orville Wright severely injured and passenger Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge dead.
-These flights were part of an exhibition for the United States Army.
-The U.S. Army was considering purchasing the Wrights' aircraft for a new military airplane.
-To get this contract, Orville had to prove that the airplane could successfully carry passengers.
shay crawford

Historic events

1900 - 1920

– 1903 An F4 tornado moved NE passing four miles NW of Valley Center and 12 miles SE of Newton. Numerous farms and 12 homes were destroyed, and six injuries were caused by the tornado.
-1904The second largest flood on the Arkansas river occurred July 8, 1904, and its level was about one-half foot lower than the 1877 flood
-1905 At 3:00 a.m., smoke was noticed rising from the center of Mulvane with two engines that were in the railroad yard at the time sounding the alarm.
-1906three earthquake shock waves were felt in Wichita around 6:20PM, lasting three to four seconds, and measuring between two and three on the Modified Mercalli Scale.
shay crawford

Kodak's Brownie Camera

1900

-the Eastman Kodak Company introduced a low-priced, point-and-shoot, hand-held camera, called the Brownie.
-The Brownie camera was designed, priced, and marketed to have wide appeal.
-The Brownie camera was a simple, black, rectangular box covered in imitation leather with nickeled fittings.
-To take a "snapshot," all one had to do was hold the camera waist height, aim, and turn a switch.
-Though simple enough for even children to use, a 44-page instruction booklet accompanied every Brownie camera.
-The Brownie camera was very affordable, selling for only $1 each.
shay crawford

$1 Brownie Cameras

1900

Kodak Introduces The Brownie camera was the first hand-held camera that was cheap enough and simple enough for even children to use, making photography accessible to the masses.

Raeven Sherels

Women Suffrage

1900 - 1920

women struggle for the right to vote
- mccallister

Boxer Rebellion

1900

A Rebellion in China Against All Foreigners
Boxer Rebellion (1900): Beginning in 1898, groups of peasants in northern China began to band together into a secret society known as I-ho ch'üan ("Righteous and Harmonious Fists"), called the "Boxers" by Western press. Members of the secret society practiced boxing and calisthenic rituals (hence the nickname, the "Boxers") which they believed would make them impervious to bullets.

On June 18, 1900, the Empress Dowager ordered all foreigners to be killed. Several foreign ministers and their families were killed before the international force could protect them. On August 14, 1900, the international force took Peking and subdued the rebellion.

The Boxer Rebellion weakened the Ch'ing dynasty's power and hastened the Republican Revolution of 1911 that overthrew the boy emperor and made China a republic.

Raeven Sherels

King Umberto I of Italy Assassinated

July 30, 1900

Italy's King Assassinated (1900): On the evening of July 30, anarchist Angelo Bresci shot the king of Italy, King Umberto I, three times. The assassination was in retaliation for a violently crushed 1898 labor revolt. His son, Victor Emmanuel III, succeeded him.

Raeven Sherels

President William McKinley Assassinated

1901

Raeven Sherels

Midwives Act:

1902

before this act, midwives were untrained. This act made it law that all midwives should be trained and registered. A Central Midwives Board was formed to set the standards that midwives would have to work to.
shay crawford

The First License Plates Issued in the U.S.

1903

-New York was the first state to require automobiles have license plates (1901), these plates were made by individual owners (with the owner's initials) rather than state-issued plates.
-The very first plate, featuring the number "1," was issued to Frederick Tudor. (One of his relatives still holds an active registration on the plate.)
-These early Massachusetts license plates were made of iron and covered in a porcelain enamel.
-The background was colored a cobalt blue and the number was in white.
shay crawford

•First Popular American Film

1904

US built the Panama Canal

1904 - 1914

World War One with Germany Begining June 28, 1914 (US entered on the side of England and France on April 6,1917)

-mccallister

Historical Importance of the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake:

1906

-At 5:12 a.m. on April 18, 1906, a foreshock hit San Francisco.
-Approximately 20 to 25 seconds after the foreshock, the large quake hit.
-The earthquake lasted for approximately 40 to 60 seconds.
- most of the water mains had also broken during the quake and the fire chief was an early victim of falling debris.
-The quake and subsequent fire left more than half San Francisco's population homeless, destroyed 28,000 buildings, and killed approximately 700 to 3,000 people.
-The quake ruptured a total of 290 miles of the earth's surface along the San Andreas Fault, from northwest of San Juan Bautista to the triple junction at Cape Mendocino.
shay crawford

Education (Provision of Meals) Act:

1906

up to this act, the provision of school meals had been haphazard and many schools relied on voluntary work to provide meals to children from poor backgrounds. This act gave local authorities the right to assist those providing voluntary meals services to schools.
shay crawford

Typhoid Mary

1906

-Mary Mallon, now known as Typhoid Mary, seemed a healthy woman when a health inspector knocked on her door in 1907,
- Since Mary was the first "healthy carrier" of typhoid fever in the United States, she did not understand how someone not sick could spread disease -- so she tried to fight back.
-For the summer of 1906, New York banker Charles Henry Warren wanted to take his family on vacation.
-Also for the summer, the Warrens hired Marry Mallon to be their cook.
-On August 27, one of the Warren's daughters became ill with typhoid fever.
-Mrs. Warren and two maids became ill; followed by the gardener and another Warren daughter.
shay crawford

Pure food & drug act

1906

United States federal law that provided federal inspection of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines.
-mccallister

Education (Administrative Provisions) Act:

1907

this act introduced a schools medical service. School children were to be medically inspected on a regular basis and minor ailments were to be treated. The annual report received by the Chief Medical Officer clearly showed the lack of good health amongst children from poor backgrounds. This act allowed for the earlier discovery of disease and allowed for the potential treatment at an earlier stage in the disease.
shay crawford

Notification of Births Act:

1907

this act stated that the local Medical Officer of Health had to be informed as soon as possible after a child had been born. It was then his job to arrange for a trained health visitor to call on the mother at her home and teach her how to protect the baby’ health.

The Tunguska Event: Huge and Mysterious Explosion in Siberia

1908
  • At 7:14 a.m. on June 30, 1908, a giant explosion shook central Siberia. -Witnesses close to the event described seeing a fireball in the sky, as bright and hot as another sun. -Although the Richter scale was not yet invented, the explosion is estimated to have created the effects of a magnitude 5.0 earthquake, causing buildings to shake, windows to break, and people to be knocked off their feet even at 40 miles away. -The blast, centered in a desolate and forested area near the Podkamennaya Tunguska River in Russia, is estimated to have been a thousand times more powerful than the bomb dropped on Hiroshima. shay crawford

NAACP Is Founded

1909

-The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded on February 12, 1909.
-After a race riot in Springfield, Illinois in 1908, "The Call" went out to Northerners to find a way to create social equality.
-In 1909, a group of multi-racial activists held a conference in New York City in response to "The Call" and decided to form the NAACP (originally called the National Negro Committee).
-Among the founders were W.E.B. DuBois, Ida Wells-Barnett, Henry Moscowitz, Oswald Garrison Villiard, Mary White Ovington, and William English Walling.
shay crawford

Penny (1cent)

1909

Abraham Lincoln becomes faced on the penny
-mccallister

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Catches on Fire

1911

On March 25, 1911, a fire broke out on the eighth floor of the Triangle Waist Company's factory in New York City. The fire spread quickly. Of the approximately 500 workers, 146 died.

Raeven Sherels

Mona Lisa Is Stolen

1911

On August 21, 1911, Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa, one of the most famous paintings in the world, was stolen right off the wall of the Louvre. The crime was inconceivable and the police had no leads. The Mona Lisa turned up in Italy two years later.

Raeven Sherels

The Titanic Sinks

1912

rachel bostick

Woodrow Wilson

1912 - 1916

Woodrow was the 28 president of the united states. He was born in Virginia 1856. In 1885 he married Ellen Louise Axson. Once he graduated from Princeton He became president in 1902. They first persuaded him to run for Governor of New Jersey.

Raeven Sherels

Oreo Cookies First Introduced

1912

Nabisco had a new idea for a cookie - two chocolate disks with a creme filling in between. The first Oreo cookie looked very similar to the Oreo cookie of today, with only a slight difference in the design on the chocolate disks.

Raeven Sherels

The Titanic Sinks - Ashley Schilling

04/15/1912

The Titanic sunk on April 15, 1912 when it crashed into an iceberg. This was the Titanic's maiden voyage. Over 1500 people lost their lives.

Seventeenth Amendment - Ashley Schilling

1913

Seventeenth Amendment providing for direct elections of Senators ratified.

Sixteenth Amendment - Ashley Schilling

1913

Sixteenth Amendment authorizing income tax ratified.

The First Crossword Puzzle

1913

On December 12, 1913, the very first crossword puzzle, created by Arthur Wynne, was published in the New York World newspaper.
Newspaperman Arthur Wynne was looking for something new to place in the eight-page "Fun" supplement that appeared in the Sunday edition of the New York World when he created what he at first called a "word-cross."

This first crossword puzzle was in a diamond shape, with a hole in the center, and had no black filler spaces. The very top square was numbered "1" and then numbers ran along the sides and along the inside of the puzzle, creating numbers for both the beginning and end of each word. Thus, each clue was labeled with two numbers, such as "10-11" (for an across clue) or "24-31" (for a down clue). However, there was an interesting exception to this particular puzzle; since Wynne had placed the word "FUN" in the top three spaces, a few clues referenced these letters (for example, clue "F-7")

For this first puzzle, Wynne included instructions: "Fill in the small squares with words which agree with the following definitions." A sampling of these clues include "a written acknowledgment," "a daydream," and "an aromatic plant." (The answers are receipt, reverie, and nard.). Unlike newer crossword puzzles, the clues of the very first crossword were not separated into "across" and "down" sections but just given in one list.

When this first crossword puzzle appeared on that Sunday in 1913, it became an instant success. Although it was popular right after its introduction, in the 1920s, crosswords became a very popular fad.

Despite the extreme popularity of crossword puzzles in the 1920s, the New York Times waited until 1942 to publish its first crossword puzzle.

Raeven Sherels

Personal Income Tax Introduced in U.S

1913

At first, income taxes were considered a temporary tax to help raise money for war. The first time an income tax was enacted was in 1799 in Great Britain to help the British pay for troops and supplies to defeat the French forces led by Napoleon.

In the War of 1812, the U.S. first considered enacting an income tax, but the war ended before the tax was officially created. Yet, during the American Civil War, the first U.S. income tax was created, but this one was meant only as a temporary measure to help pay for the war. It was repealed in 1872.

By the 1890s, the U.S. government was hoping to find a way to more evenly distribute the federal tax burden and thus looked at creating a permanent income tax. However, until the 16th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified n 1913, the federal government was forced to collect taxes based on state population.

Once the 16th Amendment was passed, the U.S. government passed its first, permanent income tax law in October 1913.

Raeven Sherels

Archduke Ferdinand Assassinated

1914

rachel bostick

WW1 begins in europe

1914 - 1918

assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies and the Central Powers.
-mccallister

Lusitania Sunk by German U-boat

1915

At 1:40 p.m. on May 7, 1915, the German U-boat, U-20 launched a torpedo at the British ocean liner RMS Lusitania, off the coast of Southern Ireland. Within 18 minutes, the Lusitania had sunk. The sinking of the Lusitania heightened tensions between the U.S. and Germany and helped sway American opinion in favor of joining World War I.

Raeven Sherels

Mata Hari Executed for Being a Spy

1917

Mata Hari was a Dutch exotic dancer whose frequent border crossings and international companions caused the French to suspect her of spying. She was arrested on February 13, 1917. Early in the morning of October 15, 1917, Mata Hari was led from her cell in the Saint-Lazare prison and driven to the Caserne de Vincennes. After requesting to not be blindfolded, Mata Hari was executed by a 12-man firing squad.

Raeven Sherels

The Spanish Flu Pandemic

1918

In 1918, the garden-variety flu mutated into a deadly virus. This new, lethal virus, which became known as the Spanish flu, swept around the world in three waves, killing an estimated 50 million to 100 million people (the equivalent to 2.7 to 5.5 percent of the world's population).

Raeven Sherels

treaty of Versailles ends WW1

1919

It was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
-mccallister

Eighteenth Amendment - Ashley Schilling

1919

Eighteenth Amendment prohibits alcoholic beverages.

Harlem Renaissance Begins

1920

rachel bostick

Nineteenth Amendment - Ashley Schilling

1920

Nineteenth Amendment gives women the right to vote.

Calvin Coolidge

1923 - 1928

-Coolidge was our 30th President.
-he was born in Plymouth, Vermont in July 4, 1872.
-He graduated from Amherst College.
-He rapidly became popular in 1924.
-Beneficiary was known as Coolidge prosperity.
-He polled more then 54 percent of the popular vote.
shay crawford

Inventions/Technology 1900

Max Planck Formulates Quantum Theory

1900

For several decades, physicists had been trying to understand the surprising results they continued to get from heating black bodies (a surface that absorbs all frequencies of light that hits it). Try as they might, scientists could not explain the results using classical physics.

In 1900, German theoretical physicist Max Planck (1858-1947) discovered an equation that explained the results of these tests. The equation is E=Nhf, with E=energy, N=integer, h=constant, f=frequency. In determining this equation, Planck came up with the constant (h), which is now known as "Planck's constant."

Raeven Sherels

The Modern Escalator.

1900

Invented by Charles Seeberger

rachel bostick

First Electric Typewriter

1901

rachel bostick

Vacuum Cleaner

1901

Invented by Hubert Booth

rachel bostick

Safety Razor

1901

gerald h

Radio

1901

gerald h

U.S. Steel

1902

he United States Steel Corporation, it was more commonly known as U.S. Steel, is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States, Canada, and Central Europe. The company is the world's tenth largest steel producer ranked by sales.

Teddy Bear

1902

gerald h

Lie Detector

1902

gerald h

The Air Conditioner

1902

Invented by Willis Carrier

rachel bostick

Electrocardiogram

1903

rachel bostick

Crayons

1903

gerald h

Windshield Wiper

1903

Invented by Mary Anderson

rachel bostick

Airplane

December 17, 1903

gerald h

Teabags

1904

gerald h

Tractor

1904

gerald

Answering Machine

1904

rachel bostick

Cornflake Cereal

1906

gerald h

Hydrofoil

1906

A design of a revolutionary boat whose front end could lift out of the water.

rachel bostick

Still Color Photography

1907

The Lamiere brothers create still color photography. "The Lumière brothers were born in Besançon, France, in 1862 and 1864, and moved to Lyon in 1870, where both attended La Martiniere, the largest technical school in Lyon.Their father, Claude-Antoine Lumière (1840–1911), ran a photographic firm and both brothers worked for him: Louis as a physicist and Auguste as a manager. Louis had made some improvements to the still-photograph process, the most notable being the dry-plate process, which was a major step towards moving images.
It was not until their father retired in 1892 that the brothers began to create moving pictures. They patented a number of significant processes leading up to their film camera - most notably film perforations ( as a means of advancing the film through the camera and projector. The cinématographe itself was patented on 13 February 1895 and the first footage ever to be recorded using it was recorded on March 19, 1895. This first film shows workers leaving the Lumière factory."

Electric Washing Machine

1907

Invented by Alva Fisher

rachel bostick

First Helicopter

1907

Invented by Paul Cornu

rachel bostick

Assembly Line Production

1908

Model T for sale

1908

Henry Ford made the first model of T and sold it for $850

Gun Silencer

1909

Invented by Hiram Percy Maxim

rachel bostick

Stenotype Machines

1911

rachel bostick

Automobile Self Starter

1911

Invented by Charles F. Kettering

rachel bostick

Photography

1912

Invented by Aurthur C. Pillsbury
-Lapse-time camera for use with plants

rachel bostick

Stainless Steel

1913

Invented by Harry Brearly

rachel bostick

Liquid Fuel Rocket

1914

Invented by Robert Goddard

rachel bostick

Cruise Missile

1917

Invented by Charles F. Kettering

rachel bostick

Electronic Amplification

1920

developed by Curt Stille

mason craig

Tommy Gun

1920

gerald h

Robots

1921

gerald h

Electrical Loudspeakers

1924

gerald h

American Sports 1900-1920

American Football

1869

gerald h

Speed skating

1900

gerald h

First women athletes in the Olympic Games

1900

Tennis

1900

gerald h

Boxing

1900

gerald h

Golf

1900

gerald h

Horse racing

1900

gerald h

Ice hockey

1900

gerald h

American League War in baseball ,ALcompetes w/ National League

1901

First Rose Bowl, American college football game

1902

Pasadena, California

New York Highlanders approved of the American League.

1903

Presnetly known as the New York Yankees .

World Series

1903

The first world series was held Boston v.s. Pittsburgh. The Pittsburgh Pirates win with the ending score being 5-3

First stadium built specifically for football

1904

Built @ Harvard University .

First Indianapolis 500 auto race

1911

Philadelphian cricket

1913

gerald h

- Debut of the National Hockey League

1917

- The Boston Red Sox win the 1918 World Series

1918

- National Football League formed

1920

Soccer

1920

gerald h

American Basketball

1967

gerald h