Leading Up to WW2


Rapallo Treaty

April 1922

Germany and Russia sign treaty to prove diplomatic ties and future aid to one another.



Too much money was printed in Germany so the value was lost. Germany had caused this by printing too much money to help pay the striking workers during the Ruhr Crisis.

Ruhr Crisis


French and Belgians come to Ruhr valley to force Germany to pay up reparations. German workers strike back. Germany's economy collapses.

Dawes Plan


U.S. came to help with the reparations situation by placing mortgages on railways and industries of Germany. Repayments are downsized.

Locarno Conference


Defined borders of Rhineland.

Germany Refuses to Pay War Reparations


Contradicting the Treaty of Versailles

German Rearmament


Secret Rearmament to make Germany stronger

Anglo-German Agreement

June 1933

Germany agrees with Britain that they'll build up their navy only to 35% of Britain's navy and only up to 45% of Britain's subs. France feel betrayed.

Germany Leaves Discussions

October 1933

Hitler left Disarmament Conference and League of Nations over disagreements and not-realized rights (in his mind).

Germany's Cover Agreement

January 1934

Germany has signed a cover peace pact for 10 years with Poland. Hitler falsely promotes peace and this is a cover-up for his true plans.

Austrian Nazis attack

July 25 1934

Nazis of Austria get rid of Governor Dollfuss. But Mussolini of Italy makes Hitler abandon Nazis of Austria.

London Naval Treaty

1935 - 1936

The world powers returned to London Naval Conference's agreements. Japan and Italy leave.

Rearming of Germany Announced


Rearming of Germany and conscription is announced to the world.

Anti-Comintern Pact


Japanese agreement called the Anti-Comintern Pact; Hitler portrays Germany as bulwark.

Hitler Moves German Forces to Rhineland

March 7, 1936

Hitler moves German forces to Rhineland (property of no country/military). No one objects to this.

Abyssinian Crisis

May 1936

Mussolini wanted Abyssinia of Africa to be an Italian territory. Britain and France worried, but were unable to agree so Mussolini went for complete control of Abyssinia.

Austria is Annexed

March 1938

Britain and France did nothing to punish Germany for going against Treaty of Versailles.

Hitler Broke Up Czechoslovakia

March 15, 1939

took over parts

Pact of Steel

May 1939

Germany with Mussolini

Stalin Sends Signal

May 3, 1939

to Nazis that he will deal with them. It leads to 10 year long German-Soviet Non-Agression Pact.

German-Soviet Nonagression Pact

August 24, 1939

clauses described dividing up of Eastern Europe between Germany and the USSR

Hitler Invades Poland

September 1, 1939

Britain and Fance Declare War

September 3, 1939

on Germany.

Munich Agreement

September 29, 1939

4 power conference to avoid war (Mussolini, Hitler, Chamberlain, Paladier) met in Munich. Written plan of Germany occupying Sudetenland by Oct 10. Agreed on by all present. Czechs accept rather than resist Germany alone.

The Depression (1929)

U.S. was a huge world power and other countries' economies were linked to it, so when the American economy collapsed, the other countries' did too. Corrupt governments rose during this time in many countries.

Washington Conference

1921 - 1922

First post-war disarmament conference for world powers. Limits naval armament.

London Naval Conference


the world powers revisited rearmament issues and came up with new agreements.