Famous Composers and Works

British

George Frideric Handel

23 February 1685 - 14 April 1759

Famous Works-
Messiah (Hallelujah!)
Organ Concertos
The Harmonious Blacksmith

American

John Philip Sousa

November 6, 1854 - March 6, 1932

Famous Works-
The Liberty Bell
The Thunderer
Stars and Stripes Forever

George Gershwin

September 26, 1898 - July 11, 1937

Famous Works-
Rhapsody in Blue
An American in Paris
Porgy and Bess

Aaron Copland

November 14, 1900 - December 2, 1990

Famous Works -
Billy the Kid
Rodeo
Appalachian Spring (think Simple Gifts)
Fanfare for the Common Man

German/Austrian

Johann Sebastian Bach

31 March 1685 - 28 July 1750

Famous Works-
Brandenburg Concertos
The Well-Tempered Clavier

Franz Joseph Haydn

31 March 1732 - 31 May 1809

Famous Works -
Surprise Symphony
Farewell Symphony

Other Accomplishments -
Developed the String Quartet, Symphony, and piano trio

Wolfgang A. Mozart

27 January 1756 - 5 December 1791

Famous Works-
Don Giovanni
The Magic Flute
The Marriage of Figaro
Prague Symphony

Ludwig van Beethoven

17 December 1770 - 26 March 1827

Famous Works-
5th Symphony (Ode to Joy)
9th Symphony
Moonlight Sonata
The Pathtique Sonata

Richard Wagner

22 May 1813 - 13 February 1883

Famous Works-
Ring cycle (ft. Ride of the Valkyries)
Tristan und Isolde
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg

Arnold Schoenberg

13 September 1874 - 13 July 1951

Famous Works-
Verklärte Nacht
Pierrot Lunaire
Invented the Twelve-tone technique

French

Claude Debussy

22 August 1862 - 25 March 1918

Famous Works-
Suite bergamasque (Clair de Lune)
Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune
Pelléas et Mélisande
La mer
Golliwogg's Cakewalk

Maurice Ravel

March 7, 1875 - December 28, 1937

Famous Works -
Boléro
Rapsodie espagnole
Daphnis et Chloé
Le tombeau de Couperin

Italian

Claudio Monteverdi

15 May 1567 - 29 November 1643

Famous Works-
5th Book of Madrigals
8th Book of Madrigals
L'Orfeo
L'Arianna

Antonio Vivaldi

4 March 1678 - 28 July 1741

Famous Works-
The Four Seasons (part of The Contest between Harmony and Invention)
Gloria
Il Pastor Fido

Spanish

Russian

Modest Mussorgsky

21 March 1839 - 28 March 1881

Famous Works -
Boris Godunov
Night on Bald Mountain
Pictures at an Exhibition

Igor Stravinsky

17 June 1882 - 6 April 1971

Famous Works-
Ballets Russes (The Firebird, Petrushka, The Rite of Spring)
Pulcinella
Symphonies of Wind Instruments
Symphony of Psalms

Scandanavian

Eastern European

Frédéric Chopin

1 March 1810 - 17 October 1849

Famous Works-
Revolutionary Étude
Minute Waltz
Funeral March

Franz Lizst

October 22, 1811 - July 31, 1886

Famous Works-
Hungarian Rhapsodies

Periods

Medieval Period

500 - 1400

Renaissance Period

Approx. 1400 - Approx. 1600

Baroque Period

Approx. 1600 - Approx. 1760

Classical Period

Approx. 1730 - Approx. 1820

Romantic Period

1815 - Approx. 1910

Modern Period

Approx. 1890 - Approx. 1975

Contemporary Period

Approx. 1975 - Present Day