Western Cultural History

People

Socrates

469 B.C. - 399 B.C.

Plato

427 B.C. - 347 B.C.

Aristotle

384 B.C. - 322 B.C.

Julius Caesar

100 B.C. - 44 B.C.

Virgil

70 B.C. - 19 B.C.

Caesar Augustus

63 B.C. - 14 A.D.

Plutarch

50 A.D. - 120 A.D.

Ambrose of Milan

339 A.D. - 397 A.D.

St. Jerome

347 - 419

St. Augustine

354 A.D. - 430 A.D.

Charlemagne

742 - 814

St. Francis

1182 - 1226

Aquinas

1225 - 1274

Dante

1265 - 1321

Giotto

1267 - 1336

Retrarch

1304 - 1374

Boccaccio

1313 - 1375

John Wycliffe

1320 - 1384

John Huss

1369 - 1415

Brunelleschi

1377 - 1446

Jan van Eyck

1390 - 1441

Masaccio

1401 - 1428

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Niccolo Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

Albrecht Durer

1471 - 1528

Michelangelo

1475 - 1564

Copernicus

1475 - 1543

Raphael

1483 - 1520

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Martin Brucer

1491 - 1551

Calvin

1509 - 1564

Vesalius

1514 - 1564

Francis Bacon

1561 - 1626

Johannes Kepler

1571 - 1630

Rene Descartes

1596 - 1662

Samuel Rutherford

1600 - 1661

Rembrandt

1606 - 1669

John Locke

1632 - 1704

Sir Isaac Newton

1642 - 1727

George Handel

1685 - 1759

Johann Bach

1685 - 1750

Voltaire

1694 - 1778

John Wesley

1703 - 1791

Rousseau

1712 - 1778

John Witherspoon

1723 - 1794

Immanuel Kant

1724 - 1804

John Newton

1725 - 1807

Franz Hayden

1732 - 1808

Mozart

1756 - 1791

William Wilberforce

1759 - 1833

Napoleon Bonaparte

1769 - 1821

Beethoven

1770 - 1827

Hegel

1770 - 1831

Michael Faraday

1791 - 1867

Mendelssohn

1809 - 1847

Charles Darwin

1809 - 1882

Kierkegaard

1813 - 1855

Karl Marx

1818 - 1848

Herbert Spencer

1820 - 1903

Pasteur

1822 - 1895

Johannes Brahms

1833 - 1897

Claude Monet

1840 - 1926

Friedrich Nietzsche

1844 - 1900

Gauguin

1848 - 1903

Vincent Van Gogh

1853 - 1890

Sigmund Freud

1856 - 1939

Arnold Schoenberg

1874 - 1951

Albert Einstein

1879 - 1955

Picasso

1881 - 1973

Paul Tillich

1886 - 1965

Marcel Duchamp

1887 - 1969

Adolf Hitler

1889 - 1945

Arthur Honegger

1892 - 1955

Aldous Huxley

1894 - 1963

Heinrich Himmler

1900 - 1945

B. F. Skinner

1904 - 1990

Jackson Pollock

1912 - 1956

John Cage

1912 - 1992

Kenneth B. Clark

1914 - 2005

Jose M. Delgado

1915 - 2011

Francis Cricks

1916 - 2004

Timothy Leary

1920 - 1996

Kermit Krantz

1923 - 2007

Krzysztof Penderecki

1933 - 2014

Society

Reign of Diocletian

284 A.D. - 305 A.D.

Christianity Became a Legal Religion

313 A.D.

Roman Empire Divided

395 A.D.

Reign of Justinian

527 A.D. - 565 A.D.

Norman Invasion in England

1066

Height of Papal Power

1100 - 1300

Council of Constance

1414 - 1418

Fall of Constantinople

1453

The Spanish Inquisition

1478 - 1834

Reign of King Francis I of France

1494 - 1547

The English Bloodless Revolution

1688

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

The French Revolution

1787 - 1799

Slavery Abolished in England

1807

Slavery Abolished in the British Colonies

1833

World War I

1914 - 1919

Russian Revolution

1917

Delgado Used Sensors to Control Behavior

1930 - 1940

World War II

1939 - 1945

Berlin Wall Built

1961

Crick Received the Noble Prize for Breaking the DNA Code

1962

Hippies Thought Drugs Were the Door to Paradise

1964

Krantz Urged a Birth Pill to be Put in the World's Water Supply

1969

Clark Urged Leaders to Take Antiaggression Pills

1971

Innovation

Middle Age

500 - 1400

Early Gothic Style

1150 - 1250

Late Gothic in England

1250 - 1500

Dante Wrote "The Divine Comedy"

1300

Giotto Painted "The Last Judgment"

1304

The Renaissance

1350 - 1550

Architectual Shift From Gothic to Classial

1400 - 1450

Rise of Humanism in Florence

1450

Fouquet Painted "The Red Virgin"

1450

Protestant Reformation

1500 - 1700

Michelangelo Sculpted "David"

1504

Machiavelli Wrote "The Prince"

1513

Luther Nailed His Ninety-five Theses

1517

Calvin Wrote "Institutes of the Christian Religion"

1536

"Doxology" Published

1562

The Baroque Period

1600 - 1750

Samuel Rutherford Wrote "Lex Rex"

1644

The Enlightenment

1650 - 1800

Locke Wrote "Essay Concerning Human Understanding"

1690

Romanticism

1750 - 1870

Neoclassicism

1760 - 1850

Realism

1840 - 1910

Marx Wrote "Manifesto of the Communist Party"

1848

Impressionism Began

1850

Darwin Wrote "The Origin of Species"

1859

Guaguin Painted "Whence Come We? What Are We? Whither Do We Go?"

1897 - 1898

Duchamp Painted "Nude Descending a Staircase"

1912

Huxley Wrote "Brave New World"

1932

Skinner Wrote "Psychology Today"

1971