Unit 1: Political/Religious Expression in Europe [16th-17th centuries]

Popes

Pope Leo X

1513 - 1521

Pope Clement VII

1523 - 1534

Germany

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

-sparked a Protestant revolution

Ninety-five Theses

1517

Luther at DIet of Worms

1521

Peace of Augsburg

1555

ended religious warfare between Catholics and Lutherans for 20 years

Switzerland

Ulrich Zwingli

1484 - 1531

France

John Calvin

1509 - 1564

-founder of Calvinism
-"a select few were pre-destined to be saved

The Institutes of the Christian religion

1536

England

Thomas Moore

1478 - 1535

Matyr for the Catholic cause

Henry VII

1509 - 1547

Act of Supremacy

1534

declared the king the supreme head of the Church of England

Edward VI

1547 - 1553

-was only 10 when he took the throne so a council of regents ruled for him (aka Privy Council)

Book of Common Prayer

1549

-issued by Archbishop Thomas Cranmer
-was mandatory for use in religious services (Act of Uniformity)
-a Protestant manual of worship

Bloody Mary

1553 - 1558

Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

-would become known as Good Queen Bess

Spain

Cardinal Ximenez

1436 - 1517

Ferdinand and Isabella

1474 - 1516

Ignatius of Loyola

1491 - 1556

-founded the Society of Jesus = Jesuits

Emperor Charles V

1500 - 1558

Teresa if Avila

1515 - 1582

Spanish Inquisition

1542

-also took place in Rome to protect Catholicism

Phillip II

1556 - 1588

Battle of Lepanto

1571

Italy

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563