A focus on food production, industry and mining. The Plan focused on controlled industry, with a central role given to government-owned factories and privately owned factories subject to licensing laws.Industrial production doubled as a result. At the end of the first and second five year plans, electricity production had quadrupled, and an increase in food production from 51 million tons to 82 million tons (Part two: South Asia: India 2000, 367-368). While the plans were productive, a stagnant agricultural industry meant they were less successful then anticipated and a growing population kept pace with the creation of industrial jobs. Both government and private businesses had flaws and were inefficient, but were shielded from competition through import restrictions (McLeod 2002, 139 ). Agriculture could not keep pace with the growing population, from 1957 India was importing over 3,000,000 tons of grain each year to provide a 'substandard diet' (India's population problem 1954, McLeod 2002 140).