History of Inclusive Education in New Zealand

Main

Centrally Funded System

1877

from 1877 onwards New Zealand introduced a centrally funded system of regionally controlled schools. Schooling was available for all children from the ages of 5-15 years and compulsory for children from the ages of 7-13 years. The exception to this was children who could not attend due to illness of geographical location.

New Zealand Education Act

1989

Gave disabled children the right to enrol in their local school.

UNCROC United Nations Conventions on the Rights of the Child

1993

Came into force in 1990. New Zealand signed in 1993. In the child friendly version of the convention Article 23 states:
“You have the right to special education and care if you have a disability, as well as all the rights in this Convention, so that you can live a full life.”

Special Education Policy Guidelines

1995

Children who are identified as requiring support or resources beyond that of a regular school may receive special education.

Special Education 2000

1996

Aimed to achieve a world class inclusive education for New Zealand over the following decade.

Special Education 2000 Evaluation and Monitoring

1998

Three reports were produced by Massey University

New Zealand Disability Strategy

2001

The aim of this strategy is to ensure that all people in New Zealand are have the rights to inclusion, participation and opportunities. The strategy comprises 15 objectives. Objective 3 “Provide the best education for disabled people” deals explicitly with education.

New Zealand Disability Strategy Implementation Review

2007

The review report on 13 areas including: barriers to learning, improving learning for children with ASD, professional development, assessment, resourcing, behaviour screening, interim support funding, Early hearing screening and New Zealand Sign Language Act

New Zealand Autism Spectrum Disorder Guidelines

2008

This takes the form of an evidence-based summary to inform practice and decision making for professionals and families providing for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Success For All- Every School, Every Child

2010

Government 4 year plan building on the findings of the 2010 Review of Special Education. The vision is for all schools to be inclusive by 2014.

Review of Special Education

2010

Over 2000 responses were received from the public in response to a Ministry of Education discussion document on special education.

ERO evaluation of inclusive schools

2010

Education Review office evaluation of the inclusion of students with high needs in mainstream schools reported that 20% of schools were fully inclusive and 35% were partially inclusive

IHC Code for New Zealand Schools

2010

The code draws from global and national legislation and policy

Special Education Business Plan

2011

Focus on:
1. Increasing the number of inclusive schools through the 'Success for all - Every School, Every Child" initiative
2.Transformation of the RTLB service
3. Positive Behaviour For Learning initiative
4. Provision of culturally responsive services around early intervention, behaviour, communication and complex needs
5.Development of the workforce
6. Building productive partnerships
7. Monitoring Ka Hikitia
8. Ensuring fair and efficient systems and processes are in place

Collaboration For Success Individual Education Plans

2011

This new approach to IEPs sees the child as an active, capable learner with potential to learn within the class and the whole school setting. It ensures the child is engaged, learning, and an active participant and with a good relationship with the teacher. It values the child’s culture, language and identify and involves a collaborative team and a variety of assessment tools.